Adsorption of Cadmium(II) Using Ca/Al Layered Double Hydroxides Intercalated with Keggin Ion

Tarmizi Taher(1), Yunita Irianty(2), Risfidian Mohadi(3), Muhammad Said(4), Roy Andreas(5), Aldes Lesbani(6*)

(1) Environmental Science Study, Graduate Program, Universitas Sriwijaya, Jl. Padang Selasa, Bukit Besar, Palembang 30139, Indonesia
(2) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Sriwijaya, Jl. Palembang Prabumulih Km.32, Ogan Ilir 30662, Indonesia
(3) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Sriwijaya, Jl. Palembang Prabumulih Km.32, Ogan Ilir 30662, Indonesia
(4) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Sriwijaya, Jl. Palembang Prabumulih Km.32, Ogan Ilir 30662, Indonesia
(5) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Jl. Dr. Soeparno, Karangwangkal, Purwokerto Utara, Banyumas, 53123, Indonesia
(6) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Sriwijaya, Jl. Palembang Prabumulih Km.32, Ogan Ilir 30662, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author


Ca/Al layered double hydroxides (Ca/Al LDH) was synthesized using co-precipitation method following calcination at 800 °C and was intercalated with Keggin ion [α-SiW12O40]4– to form intercalated Ca/Al LDH. Materials were characterized using XRD and FTIR spectrophotometer. Furthermore, materials were used as an adsorbent of cadmium(II) from solution. The results showed that layer material was formed completely after calcination which was indicated at diffraction 20° due to loss of water in the interlayer space. Ca/Al LDH after calcination was intercalated with [α-SiW12O40]4– ion and interlayer distance was increased from 4.25 to 4.41 Å showed that intercalation process was successfully conducted. Adsorption of cadmium(II) using Ca/Al LDH was conducted at pH 9 and intercalated Ca/Al LDH at pH 8 showed that intercalated material has slightly faster than Ca/Al LDH without intercalation probably due to slightly increasing interlayer distance of Ca/Al LDH after intercalation. The adsorption capacity of intercalated Ca/Al LDH was higher than Ca/Al LDH without intercalation at the temperature range of 30–50 °C.


Ca/Al LDH; intercalation; [α-SiW12O40]4–; adsorption; cadmium(II)

Full Text:

Full Text PDF


[1] Bhunia, P., Chatterjee, S., Rudra, P., and De, S., 2018, Chelating polyacrylonitrile beads for removal of lead and cadmium from wastewater, Sep. Purif. Technol., 193, 202–213.

[2] Koju, N.K., Song, X., Wang, Q., Hu, Z., and Colombo, C., 2018, Cadmium removal from simulated groundwater using alumina nanoparticles: Behaviors and mechanisms, Environ. Pollut., 240, 255–266.

[3] Castro, L., Blázquez, M.L., González, F., Muñoz, J.A., and Ballester, A., 2018, Heavy metal adsorption using biogenic iron compounds, Hydrometallurgy, 179, 44–51.

[4] Taher, T., Mohadi, R., and Lesbani, A., 2018, Effect of Ti4+/clay ratio on the properties of titanium pillared bentonite and its application for Cr(VI) removal, Rasayan J. Chem., 11, 1244–1254.

[5] Taher, T., Mohadi, R., Rohendi, D., and Lesbani, A., 2017, Kinetic and thermodynamic adsorption studies of congo red on bentonite, AIP Conf. Proc., 1823, 020028.

[6] Fan, C., Li, K., He, Y., Wang, Y., Qian, X., and Jia, J., 2018, Evaluation of magnetic chitosan beads for adsorption of heavy metal ions, Sci. Total Environ., 627, 1396–1403.

[7] Fakhre, N.A., and Ibrahim, B.M., 2018, The use of new chemically modified cellulose for heavy metal ion adsorption, J. Hazard. Mater., 343, 324–331.

[8] Cheng, T.W., Lee, M.L., Ko, M.S., Ueng, T.H., and Yang, S.F., 2012, The heavy metal adsorption characteristics on metakaolin-based geopolymer, Appl. Clay Sci., 56, 90–96.

[9] Qiu, Q., Jiang, X., Lv, G., Chen, Z., Lu, S., Ni, M., Yan, J., and Deng, X., 2018, Adsorption of heavy metal ions using zeolite materials of municipal solid waste incineration fly ash modified by microwave-assisted hydrothermal treatment, Powder Technol., 335, 156–163.

[10] Mallakpour, S., and Hatami, M., 2017, Biosafe organic diacid intercalated LDH/PVC nanocomposites versus pure LDH and organic diacid intercalated LDH: Synthesis, characterization and removal behaviour of Cd2+ from aqueous test solution, Appl. Clay Sci., 149, 28–40.

[11] Palapa, N.R., and Said, M., 2016, Keggin type polyoxometalate H4[αSiW12O40]·nH2O as intercalant for hydrotalcite, Sci. Technol. Indonesia, 1, 25–28.

[12] Pourfaraj, R., Fatemi, S.J., Kazemi, S.Y., and Biparva, P., 2017, Synthesis of hexagonal mesoporous MgAl LDH nanoplatelets adsorbent for the effective adsorption of Brilliant Yellow, J. Colloid Interface Sci., 508, 65–74.

[13] Zhou, H., Jiang, Z., and Wei, S., 2018, A new hydrotalcite-like absorbent FeMnMg-LDH and its adsorption capacity for Pb2+ ions in water, Appl. Clay Sci., 153, 29–37.

[14] Chen, H., Lin, J., Zhang, N., Chen, L., Zhong, S., Wang, Y., Zhang, W., and Ling, Q., 2018, Preparation of MgAl-EDTA-LDH based electrospun nanofiber membrane and its adsorption properties of copper(II) from wastewater, J. Hazard. Mater., 345, 1–9.

[15] Barnabas, M.J., Parambadath, S., Mathew, A., Park, S.S., Vinu, A., and Ha, C.S., 2016, Highly efficient and selective adsorption of In3+ on pristine Zn/Al layered double hydroxide (Zn/Al-LDH) from aqueous solutions, J. Solid State Chem., 233, 133–142.

[16] Yu, B., Zou, B., and Hu, C.W., 2018, Recent applications of polyoxometalates in CO2 capture and transformation, J. CO2 Util., 26, 314–322.

[17] Jiang, C., Lesbani, A., Kawamoto, R., Uchida, S., and Mizuno, N., 2006, Channel-selective independent sorption and collection of hydrophilic and hydrophobic molecules by Cs2[Cr3O(OOCC2H5)6(H2O)3]2[α-SiW12O40] ionic crystal, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 128 (44), 14240–14241.

[18] Gao, Y., Gao, R., Zhang, G., Zheng, Y., and Zhao, J., 2018, Oxidative desulfurization of model fuel in the presence of molecular oxygen over polyoxometalate based catalysts supported on carbon nanotubes, Fuel, 224, 261–270.

[19] Uchida, S., Lesbani, A., Ogasawara, Y., and Mizuno, N., 2012, Ionic crystals [M3O(OOCC6H5)6(H2O)3] 4[α-SiW12O40] (M = Cr, Fe) as heterogeneous catalysts for pinacol rearrangement, Inorg. Chem., 51 (2), 775–777.

[20] Ma, J., Yang, M., Chen, Q., Zhang, S., Cheng, H., Wang, S., Liu, L., Zhang, C., Tong, Z., and Chen, Z., 2017, Comparative study of Keggin-type polyoxometalate pillared layered double hydroxides via two synthetic routes: Characterization and catalytic behavior in green epoxidation of cyclohexene, Appl. Clay Sci., 150, 210–216.

[21] Granados-Reyes, J., Salagre, P., and Cesteros, Y., 2017, Effect of the preparation conditions on the catalytic activity of calcined Ca/Al-layered double hydroxides for the synthesis of glycerol carbonate, Appl. Catal., A, 536, 9–17.

[22] Lesbani, A., and Mohadi, R., 2014, Brönsted acid of Keggin type polyoxometalate catalyzed pinacol rearrangement, Bull. Chem. React. Eng. Catal., 9, 136–141.

[23] Pérez-Barrado, E., Salagre, P., Marsal, L.F., Aguiló, M., Cesteros, Y., Díaz, F., Pallarès, J., Cucinotta, F., Marchese, L., and Pujol, M.C., 2015, Ultrasound-assisted reconstruction and delamination studies on CaAl layered double hydroxides, Appl. Clay Sci., 118, 116–123.

[24] Zhang, H., Chen, H., Azat, S., Mansurov, Z.A., Liu, X., Wang, J., Su, X., and Wu, R., 2018, Super adsorption capability of rhombic dodecahedral Ca-Al layered double oxides for Congo red removal, J. Alloys Compd., 768, 572–581.

[25] Jamshidi, A., Zonoz, F.M., Wei, Y., and Maleki, B., 2018, An organic-inorganic nano-hybrid material containing a mixed-addenda Keggin-type polyoxometalate, piperazine: Synthesis, characterization, its electrochemical investigation, Inorg. Chim. Acta, 477, 233–241.

[26] Kwon, T., and Pinnavaia, T.J., 1992, Synthesis and properties of anionic clays pillared by [XM12O40]n− Keggin ions, J. Mol. Catal., 74 (1-3), 23–33.

[27] Hasannia, S., and Yadollahi, B., 2015, Zn–Al LDH nanostructures pillared by Fe substituted Keggin type polyoxometalate: Synthesis, characterization and catalytic effect in green oxidation of alcohols, Polyhedron, 99, 260–265.

[28] Dou, Y., Han, J., Wang, T., Wei, M., Evans, D.G., and Duan, X., 2012, Temperature-controlled electrochemical switch based on layered double hydroxide/poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) ultrathin films fabricated via layer-by-layer assembly, Langmuir, 28 (25), 9535–9542.

[29] Fabryanty, R., Valencia, C., Soetaredjo, F.E., Putro, J.N., Santoso, S.P., Kurniawan, A., Ju, Y.H., and Ismadji, S., 2017, Removal of crystal violet dye by adsorption using bentonite – alginate composite, J. Environ. Chem. Eng., 5 (6), 5677–5687.

[30] Jancsó, A., Szunyogh, D., Larsen, F.H., Thulstrup, P.W., Christensen, N.J., Gyurcsik, B., and Hemmingsen, L., 2011, Towards the role of metal ions in the structural variability of proteins: CdII speciation of a metal ion binding loop motif, Metallomics, 3 (12), 1331–1339.

[31] Wan, D., Li, W., Wang, G., Chen, K., Lu, L., and Hu, Q., 2015, Adsorption and heterogeneous degradation of rhodamine B on the surface of magnetic bentonite material, Appl. Surf. Sci., 349, 988–996.

[32] Putro, J.N., Santoso, S.P., Ismadji, S., and Ju, Y.H., 2017, Investigation of heavy metal adsorption in binary system by nanocrystalline cellulose – Bentonite nanocomposite: Improvement on extended Langmuir isotherm model, Microporous Mesoporous Mater., 246, 166–177.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 82 | views : 57

Copyright (c) 2018 Indonesian Journal of Chemistry

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.


Indonesian Journal of Chemisty (ISSN 1411-9420 / 2460-1578) - Chemistry Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia.

Analytics View The Statistics of Indones. J. Chem.