Study of Adsorption Characteristics a Low-Cost Sawdust for the Removal of Direct Blue 85 Dye from Aqueous Solutions

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.31536

Rahmah Hashim Abdullah(1), Amjed Mirza Oda(2*), Alaa Rasheed Omran(3), Ameer Salem Mottaleb(4), Teeba Mudhefer Mubarakah(5)

(1) Department of Soil and Water, College of Agriculture, Al- Qasim Green University, Al-Qasim District, Babylon City, Iraq
(2) Department of Science, College of Basic Education, University of Babylon, Babylon, Iraq
(3) Environmental Center Research, University of Babylon, Iraq
(4) Department of Soil and Water, College of Agriculture, Al- Qasim Green University, Al-Qasim District, Babylon City, Iraq
(5) Department of Soil and Water, College of Agriculture, Al- Qasim Green University, Al-Qasim District, Babylon City, Iraq
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The performance sawdust as a low cost adsorbent to remove Direct Blue 85 (DB85) dye from aqueous solutions has been evaluated. The characteristic of sawdust analyzed by FTIR and XRD. The removal percentage of this dye was studied at different experimental conditions such as contact time, adsorbent dosage, particle size, temperature, and pH. The optimum removal percentage value was found at pH 2.Temperature also has a positive impact on adsorption, where the adsorption of this dye on the sawdust increased as the temperature increased. High values of correlation coefficient signified that the adsorption of (DB85) dye on the surface of sawdust obey Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption isotherms.


Keywords


Direct Blue 85 dye; adsorption isotherms; Langmuir; Freundlich

Full Text:

Full Text PDF


References

[1] Seey, T.L., and Kassim, M.J.N.M., 2012, Acidic and basic dyes removal by adsorption on chemically treated mangrove barks, Int. J. Appl. Sci. Technol., 2 (3), 270–276.

[2] El-Latif, M.M.A., Ibrahim, A.M., and El-Kady, M.F., 2010, Adsorption equilibrium, kinetics and thermodynamics of methylene blue from aqueous solutions using biopolymer oak sawdust composite, J. Am. Sci., 6 (6), 267–283.

[3] Pagga, U., and Brown, D., 1986, The degradation of dyestuffs: Part II Behaviour of dyestuffs in aerobic biodegradation tests, Chemosphere, 15 (4), 479–491.

[4] Sanayei, Y., Ismail, N., Teng, T.T., and Morad, N., 2010, Studies on flocculating activity of bioflocculant from closed drainage system (CDS) and its application in reactive dye removal, Int. J. Chem., 2 (1), 168–173.

[5] Buthelezi, S.P., Olaniran, A.O., and Pillay, B., 2012, Textile dye removal from wastewater effluents using bioflocculants produced by indigenous bacterial isolates, Molecules, 17 (12), 14260–14274.

[6] Bousher, A., Shen, X., and Edyvean, R.G.J., 1997, Removal of colored organic materials by adsorption onto low-cost waste materials, Water Res., 31 (8), 2084–2092.

[7] Markovska, L., Meshko, V., Noveski, V., and Marinovski, M., 2001, Solid diffusion control of the adsorption of basic dyes onto granular activated carbon and natural zeolite in fixed bed columns, J. Serb. Chem. Soc., 66 (7), 463–475.

[8] Rida, K., Bouraoui, S., and Hadnine, S., 2013, Adsorption of methylene blue from aqueous solution by kaolin and zeolite, Appl. Clay Sci., 83 (84), 99–105.

[9] Han, R., Ding, D., Xu, Y., Zou, W., Wang, Y., Li, Y., and Zou, L., 2008, Use of rice husk for the adsorption of congo red from aqueous solution in column mode, Bioresour. Technol., 99 (8), 2938–2946.

[10] Hadri, M., Chaouki, Z., Draoui, K., Nawdali, M., Barhoun, A., Valdés, H., Drouiche, N., and Zaitan, H., 2017, Adsorption of a cationic dye from aqueous solution using low-cost Moroccan diatomite: Adsorption equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic studies, Desalin. Water Treat., 75, 213–224.

[11] Chitradevi, V., and Mothil, S., 2015, Kinetics study of Cr(III) adsorption onto low-cost fly ash adsorbent, IJERGS, 3 (2), 877–887.

 [12] Goyal, K., and Arora, S., 2016, Equilibrium and kinetic studies of adsorption of lead using low-cost adsorbents, Indian J. Sci. Technol., 9 (44), 105258.

[13] Malekbala, M.R., Soltani, S.M., Yazdi, S.K., and Hosseini, S., 2012, Equilibrium and kinetic studies of safranine adsorption on alkali-treated mango seed integuments, Int. J. Chem. Eng. Appl., 3 (3), 160–166.

[14] Singh, J., Mishra, N.S., Uma, Banerjee, S., and Sharma, Y.C., 2011, Comparative studies of physical characteristics of raw and modified sawdust for their use as adsorbents for removal of acid dye, BioResources, 6(3), 2732–2743.

[15] Vanderborght, B.M., and Van Grieken R.E., 1977, Enrichment of trace metals in water by adsorption on activated carbon, Anal. Chem., 49 (2), 311–316.

[16] Sathitsuksanoh, N., Zhu, Z., Wi, S., and Zhang, Y.H.P., 2011, Cellulose solvent-based biomass pretreatment breaks highly ordered hydrogen bonds in cellulose fibers of switchgrass, Biotechnol. Bioeng., 108 (3), 221–230.

[17] He, J., Tang, Y., and Wang, S.Y., 2007, Differences in morphological characteristics of bamboo fibers and other natural cellulose fibers: Studies on X-ray diffraction, solid state C-13-CP/MAS NMR, and second derivative FTIR spectroscopy data, Iran. Polym. J., 16 (2), 807–818.

[18] Popescu, C.M., Singurel, G., Popescu, M.C., Vasile, C., Argyropoulos, D.S., and Willför, S., 2009, Vibrational spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction methods to establish the differences between hardwood and softwood, Carbohydr. Polym., 77 (4), 851–857.

[19] Ahmad, A.L., Loh, M.M., and Aziz, J.A., 2007, Preparation and characterization of activated carbon from oil palm wood and its evaluation on Methylene blue adsorption, Dyes Pigm., 75 (2), 263–272.

[20] Yokoi, H., Nakase, T., Goto, K., Ishida, Y., Ohtani, H., Tsuge, S., Sonoda, T., and Ona, T., 2003, Rapid characterization of wood extractives in wood by thermal desorption-gas chromatography in the presence of tetramethylammonium acetate, J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis, 67 (1), 191–200.

[21] Tabrez, A.K., Sarita, D., and Imran, A., 2012, Removal of Direct Red 81 dye from aqueous solution by native and citric acid modified bamboo sawdust: Kinetic study and equilibrium isotherm analyses, GU J. Sci., 25 (1), 59–87.

[22] Atuanya, C.U., and Ibhadode, A.O.A., 2012, Characterization of Okhuen (Brachystegia nigerica) wood as a potential reinforcement for polymer composites, Int. J. Eng. Technol., 11 (4), 52–59.

[23] Singh, K.K., Rastogi, R., and Hasan, S.H., 2005, Removal of cadmium from wastewater using agricultural waste ‘rice polish’, J. Hazard. Mater., 121(1-3), 51–58.

[24] Yang, X., and Cui, X., 2013, Adsorption characteristics of Pb (II) on alkali treated tea residue, Water Resour. Ind., 3, 1–10.

[25] Ong, S.T., Lee, W.N., Keng, P.S., Lee, S.L., Hung, Y.T., and Ha, S.T., 2010, Equilibrium studies and kinetics mechanism for the removal of basic and reactive dyes in both single and binary systems using EDTA modified rice husk, Int. J. Phys. Sci., 5 (5), 582–595.

[26] Sulaymon, A.H., and Abood, W.H., 2013, Competitive adsorption of three reactive dyes by activated carbon, J. Eng., 19 (6), 655–667.

[27] Bello, O.S., and Tan, T.S., 2010, Adsorption of removal brilliant violet-5R reactive dye from aqueous solution by cocoa pod husk-based activated carbon: Kinetic, equilibrium and thermodynamic studies, Chem. Eng. J., 7, 883–890.

[28] Said, A.E.A.A., Aly, A.A.M., El-Wahab, M.M.A., Soliman, S.A.E.F., El-Hafez, A.A.A., Helmey, V., and Goda, M.N., 2013, An efficient biosorption of direct dyes from industrial wastewaters using pretreated sugarcane bagasse, Energy Environ. Eng., 1 (1), 10–16.

[29] Deniz, F., 2013, Adsorption properties of low-cost biomaterial derived from Prunus amygdalus L. for dye removal from water, Sci. World J., 2013, 961671.

[30] Senthilkumaar, S., Kalaamani P., and Subburaam CV., 2006, Liquid-phase adsorption of crystal violet onto activated carbons derived from male flowers of coconut tree, J. Hazard. Mater., 136 (3), 800–808.

[31] Achmad, A., Kassim, J., Suan, T.K., Amat, R.C., and Seey, T.L., 2012, Equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic studies on the adsorption of direct dye onto a novel green adsorbent developed from Uncaria gambir extract, J. Phys. Sci., 23 (1), 1–13.

[32] Iqbal, M.J., and Ashiq, M.N., 2007, Adsorption of dyes from aqueous solutions on activated charcoal, J. Hazard. Mater., 139 (1), 57–66.

[33] Geçgel, U., Üner, O., Gökara, G., and Bayrak, Y., 2016, Adsorption of cationic dyes on activated carbon obtained from waste Elaeagnus stone, Adsorpt. Sci. Technol., 34 (9-10), 512–525.

[34] Langmuir, I., 1918, The adsorption of gases on plain surfaces of glass, mica and platinum, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 40 (9), 1362–1403.

[35] Hall, K.R, Eagleton, L.C, and Acrivos, A, 1966, Pore- and solid-diffusion kinetics in fixed-bed adsorption under constant-pattern conditions, Ind. Eng. Chem. Fundam., 5 (2), 212–223.

[36] Freundlich, H.M.F., 1906, Uber die adsorption in lasungen, J. Phys. Chem., 57, 385–470.

[37] Sen, B.K., Deshmukh, D.K., Deb, M.K., Verma, D., and Pal, J., 2014, Removal of phenolic compounds from aqueous phase by adsorption onto polymer supported iron nanoparticles, Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol., 93 (5), 549–554.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.31536

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 796 | views : 517


Copyright (c) 2018 Indonesian Journal of Chemistry

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

 


Indonesian Journal of Chemisty (ISSN 1411-9420 / 2460-1578) - Chemistry Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia.

Web
Analytics View The Statistics of Indones. J. Chem.