Preparation of Graphene-Polyaniline-Cellulose Double Network Hydrogels Using One Pot Method by Gamma Irradiation with Electrochemical Properties

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.30467

Deni Swantomo(1*), Kris Tri Basuki(2), Sigit Sigit(3), Yadi Yunus(4)

(1) Polytechnic Institute of Nuclear Technology, National Nuclear Energy Agency, Jl. Babarsari Kotak Pos 6101 YKBB, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(2) Polytechnic Institute of Nuclear Technology, National Nuclear Energy Agency, Jl. Babarsari Kotak Pos 6101 YKBB, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(3) Center for Nuclear Fuel Technology, National Nuclear Energy Agency, Kawasan Puspiptek Serpong, Tangerang 15314, Indonesia
(4) Polytechnic Institute of Nuclear Technology, National Nuclear Energy Agency, Jl. Babarsari Kotak Pos 6101 YKBB, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


In order to achieve high performance of electrochemical properties, numerous efforts have been devoted to the development of advanced multi-component hybrid double network hydrogel materials. In this research, the double network hydrogels were synthesized using one pot method by graft copolymerization of aniline onto graphene and cellulose using gamma irradiation as initiator. The formation of the double network hydrogels was confirmed by the Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) study. X-ray Diffraction (XRD) analysis showed that the crystalline was increased through graft copolymerization graphene-aniline-cellulose double network. It was found that the crosslink density increased with increasing aniline volume and increasing radiation doses inversely with the swelling degree. Electrochemical measurements exhibited that increasing aniline volume and radiation doses increased specific capacitance and conductivity of the hydrogels. When compared with the pure graphene, the synthesized double network hydrogels exhibits remarkably enhanced specific capacitance of 9.774 F g-1 and conductivity i.e. 4.766 x 10-2 Scm-1 in 0.5 M HCl solution at aniline volume 8 mL and radiation dose 80 kGy. The improved electrochemical properties of the double network hydrogels represented an alternative promising candidate for the application as energy storage devices and offered a new facile method.

Keywords


double network hydrogels; aniline; graphene; electrochemical properties; gamma irradiation

Full Text:

Full Text PDF


References

[1] Swantomo, D., Rochmadi, Basuki, K.T., and Sudiyo, R., 2014, Synthesis of smart biodegradable hydrogels cellulose-acrylamide using radiation as controlled release fertilizers, Adv. Mater. Res., 896, 296–299.

[2] Swantomo, D., Basuki, K.T., and Sudiyo, R., 2014, Effect of silica fillers on characterization of cellulose-acrylamide hydrogels matrices as controlled release agents for urea fertilizers, Indones. J. Chem., 14 (2), 116–121.

[3] Gao, C., Ren, J., Zhao, C., Kong, W., Dai, Q., Chen, Q., Liu, C., and Sun, R., 2016, Xylan-based temperature/pH sensitive hydrogels for drug controlled release, Carbohydr. Polym., 151, 189–197.

[4] Seok, Y.S., Cho, K., Lee, H.J., Chang, S., Lee, H., Kim, J.H., and Koh, W.G., 2016, Highly conductive and hydrated PEG-based hydrogels for the potential application of a tissue engineering scaffold, React. Funct. Polym., 109, 15–22.

[5] Shi, Z., Gao, X., Ullah, M.W., Li, S., Wang, Q., and Yang, G., 2016, Electroconductive natural polymer-based hydrogels, Biomaterials, 111, 40–54.

[6] Song, H.S., Kwon, O.H., Kim, J.H., Conde, J., and Artzi, N., 2017, 3D hydrogel scaffold doped with 2D graphene materials for biosensors and bioelectronics, Biosens. Bioelectron., 89, 187–200.

[7] Ahmed, E.M., 2015, Hydrogel : Preparation, characterization, and applications : A review, J. Adv. Res., 6 (2), 105–121.

[8] Craciun, G., Manaila, E., and Stelescu, M.D., 2016, Electron beam synthesis and characterization of acrylamide/acrylic acid hydrogels using trimethylolpropane trimethacrylate as cross-linker, J. Chem., 2016, 1470965, 1–14.

[9] Faghihi, S., Karimi, A., Jamadi, M., Imani, R., and Salarian, R., 2014, Graphene oxide/poly(acrylic acid)/gelatin nanocomposite hydrogel: Experimental and numerical validation of hyperelastic model, Mater. Sci. Eng., C, 38, 299–305.

[10] Es-haghi, S.S., and Weiss, R.A., 2016, Finite strain damage-elastoplasticity in double-network hydrogels, Polymer, 103, 277–287.

[11] Sabzi, M., Samadi, N., Abbasi, F., Mahdavinia, G.R., and Babaahmadi, M., 2016, Bioinspired fully physically cross-linked double network hydrogels with a robust , tough and self-healing structure, Mater. Sci. Eng., C, 74, 374–381.

[12] Mohammadi, S., Keshvari, H., Eskandari, M., and Faghihi, S., 2016, Graphene oxide–enriched double network hydrogel with tunable physico-mechanical properties and performance, React. Funct. Polym., 106, 120–131.

[13] Yuan, L., Wu, Y., Gu, Q., El-hamshary, H., El-newehy, M., and Mo, X., 2017, Injectable photo crosslinked enhanced double-network hydrogels from modified sodium alginate and gelatin, Int. J. Biol. Macromol., 96, 569–577.

[14] Zhuang, Y., Yu, F., Chen, J., and Ma, J., 2016, Batch and column adsorption of methylene blue by graphene/alginate nanocomposite : Comparison of single-network and double-network hydrogels, J. Environ. Chem. Eng., 4 (1), 147–156.

[15] Zhao, Z., Chen, H., Zhang, H., Ma, L., and Wang, Z., 2017, Polyacrylamide-phytic acid-polydopamine conducting porous hydrogel for rapid detection and removal of copper (II) ions, Biosens. Bioelectron., 91, 306–312.

[16] Torres, D.I., Miranda, M.V., Campo, V., and Dall’ Orto, V.C., 2017, Chemical one-pot preparation of SBP-PANI-PAA-ethylene glycol diglycidyl ether sensor for electrochemical detection of H2O2, Sens. Actuators, B, 239, 1016–1025.

[17] Nagamine, K., Chihara, S., Kai, H., Kaji, H., and Nishizawa, M., 2016, Totally shape-conformable electrode/hydrogel composite for on-skin electrophysiological measurements, Sens. Actuators, B, 237, 49–53.

[18] Mi, H., Li, F., He, C., Chai, X., Zhang, Q., Li, C., Li, Y., and Liu, J., 2016, Three-dimensional network structure of silicon-graphene-polyaniline composites as high performance anodes for Lithium-ion batteries, Electrochim. Acta, 190, 1032–1040.

[19] Smirnov, M.A., Sokolova, M.P., Bobrova, N.V., Kasatkin, I.A., Lahderanta, E., and Elyashevich, G.K., 2016, Capacitance properties and structure of electroconducting hydrogels based on copoly(aniline–p-phenylenediamine) and polyacrylamide, J. Power Sources, 304, 102–110.

[20] Zhang, F., Xiao, F., Dong, Z.H., and Shi, W., 2013, Synthesis of polypyrrole wrapped graphene hydrogels composites as supercapacitor electrodes, Electrochim. Acta, 114, 125–132.

[21] Luo, J., Zhong, W., Zou, Y., Xiong, C., and Yang, W., 2016, Preparation of morphology-controllable polyaniline and polyaniline/graphene hydrogels for high performance binder-free supercapacitor electrodes, J. Power Sources, 319, 73–81.

[22] Pattananuwat, P., and Aht-ong, D., 2017, Controllable morphology of polypyrrole wrapped graphene hydrogel framework composites via cyclic voltammetry with aiding of poly (sodium 4-styrene sulfonate) for the flexible supercapacitor electrode, Electrochim. Acta, 224, 149–160.

[23] Gao, K., Shao, Z., Wu, X., Wang, X., Li, J., Zhang, Y., Wang, W., and Wang, F., 2013, Cellulose nanofibers/reduced graphene oxide flexible transparent conductive paper, Carbohydr. Polym., 97 (1), 243–251.

[24] Kafy, A., Akther, A., Zhai, L., Kim, H.C., and Kim, J., 2017, Porous cellulose/graphene oxide nanocomposite as flexible and renewable electrode material for supercapacitor, Synth. Met., 223, 94–100.

[25] Lee, T., Han, M., Lee, S., and Gyu, Y., 2016, Electrically conductive and strong cellulose-based composite fibers reinforced with multiwalled carbon nanotube containing multiple hydrogen bonding moiety, Compos. Sci. Technol., 123, 57–64.

[26] Tian, J., Peng, D., Wu, X., Li, W., Deng, H., and Liu, S., 2017, Electrodeposition of Ag nanoparticles on conductive polyaniline/cellulose aerogels with increased synergistic effect for energy storage, Carbohydr. Polym., 156, 19–25.

[27] Lay, M., Méndez, J.A., Delgado-Aguilar, M., Bun, K.N., and Vilaseca, F., 2016, Strong and electrically conductive nanopaper from cellulose nanofibers and polypyrrole, Carbohydr. Polym., 152, 361–369.

[28] Ma, L., Liu, R., Niu, H., Wang, F., Liu, L., and Huang, Y., 2016, Freestanding conductive film based on polypyrrole/bacterial cellulose/graphene paper for flexible supercapacitor: Large areal mass exhibits excellent areal capacitance, Electrochim. Acta, 222, 429–437.

[29] Iakobson, O.D., Gribkova, O.L., Tameev, A.R., Kravchenko, V.V, Egorov, A.V, and Vannikov, A.V., 2016, Conductive composites of polyaniline–polyacid complex and graphene nanostacks, Synth. Met., 211, 89–98.

[30] Zhang, Y., Heher, P., Hilborn, J., Redl, H., and Ossipov, D.A., 2016, Hyaluronic acid-fibrin interpenetrating double network hydrogel prepared in situ by orthogonal disulfide cross-linking reaction for biomedical applications, Acta Biomater., 38, 23–32.

[31] Mittal, H., Maity, A., and Ray, S.S., 2015, Gum ghatti and poly(acrylamide-co-acrylic acid) based biodegradable hydrogel-evaluation of the flocculation and adsorption properties, Polym. Degrad. Stab., 120, 42–52.

[32] Sharma, K., Kaith, B.S., Kumar, V., Kalia, S., Kumar, V., and Swart, H.C., 2014, Synthesis and biodegradation studies of gamma irradiated electrically conductive hydrogels, Polym. Degrad. Stab., 107, 166–177.

[33] Sharma, K., Kumar, V., Kaith, B.S., Kumar, V., Som, S., Kalia, S., and Swart, H.C., 2015, Synthesis, characterization and water retention study of biodegradable Gum ghatti-poly(acrylicacid-aniline) hydrogels, Polym. Degrad. Stab., 111, 20–31.

[34] Swantomo, D., Rochmadi, Basuki, K.T., and Sudiyo, R., 2013, Synthesis and characterization of graft copolymer rice straw cellulose-acrylamide hydrogels using gamma irradiation, Atom Indones., 39, 57–64.

[35] Omidian, H., Hasherni, S., Askari, F., and Nafisi, S., 1994, Swelling and crosslink density measurements for hydrogels, Iran. J. Polym. Sci. Technol., 3, 115–119.

[36] Wang, G., Xing, W., and Zhuo, S., 2012, The production of polyaniline/graphene hybrids for use as a counter electrode in dye-sensitized solar cells, Electrochim. Acta, 66, 151–157.

[37] Ameen, S., Akhtar, M.S., and Shik, H., 2012, Hydrazine chemical sensing by modified electrode based on in situ electrochemically synthesized polyaniline/graphene composite thin film, Sens. Actuators, B, 173, 177–183.

[38] Kumar, N.A., Choi, H.J., Shin, Y.R., Chang, D.W., Dai, L., and Baek, J.B., 2012, Polyaniline-grafted reduced graphene oxide for efficient electrochemical, ACS Nano, 6 (2), 1715–1723.

[39] Moharram, M.A., Ereiba, K.M.T., El Hotaby, W., and Bakr, A.M., 2015, Thermal degradation studies of graphene oxide polymer composite, Middle East J. Appl. Sci., 05, 23–30.

[40] Moghadam, M.H.M., Sabury, S., Gudarzi, M.M., and Sharif, F., 2014, Graphene oxide-induced polymerization and crystallization to produce highly conductive polyaniline/graphene oxide composite, J. Polym. Sci., Part A: Polym. Chem., 52 (11), 1545–1564.

[41] Rimdusit, S., Somsaeng, K., Kewsuwan, P., Jubsilp, C., and Tiptipakorn, S., 2012, Comparison of gamma radiation crosslinking and chemical crosslinking on properties of methylcellulose hydrogel, Eng. J., 16, 15–28.

[42] Harun, M.H., Saion, E., Kassim, A., Hussain, M.Y., Mustafa, I.S., and Omer, M.A.A., 2008, Temperature dependence of AC electrical conductivity of PVA-PPy-FeCl3 composite polymer films, Malaysian Polym. J., 3 (2), 24–31.

[43] Dudić, D., Luyt, A.S., Marinković, F., Petronijević, I., Dojčilović, J., and Kostoski, D., 2015, The effect of gamma irradiation on the thermal behavior of dielectric properties of linear low-density/carbon black semiconductive composites, Radiat. Phys. Chem., 107, 89–94.

[44] Meftah, A.M., Gharibshahi, E., Soltani, N., Yunus, W.M.M., and Saion, E., 2014, Structural, optical and electrical properties of PVA/PANI/Nickel nanocomposites synthesized by gamma radiolytic method, Polymers, 6 (9), 2435–2450.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.30467

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 393 | views : 668


Copyright (c) 2018 Indonesian Journal of Chemistry

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

 


Indonesian Journal of Chemisty (ISSN 1411-9420 / 2460-1578) - Chemistry Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia.

Web
Analytics View The Statistics of Indones. J. Chem.