Preparation of Water Repellent Layer on Glass Using Hydrophobic Compound Modified Rice Hull Ash Silica

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.26714

Alfa Akustia Widati(1), Nuryono Nuryono(2*), Dessy Puspa Aryanti(3), Madjid Arie Wibowo(4), Eko Sri Kunarti(5), Indriana Kartini(6), Bambang Rusdiarso(7)

(1) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universitas Airlangga, Campus C, Jl. Mulyorejo, Surabaya 60115, Indonesia Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(2) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(3) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(4) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(5) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(6) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(7) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


In this study water repellent layered glass has been prepared by coating silica (SiO2) combined with a hydrophobic silane compound. SiO2 was extracted from rice hull ash and two silane compounds, namely hexadecyltrimethoxysilane (HDTMS) and trimethylchlorosilane (TMCS) were used. Coating was performed through two deposition techniques, i.e. one step (mono-layer) and layer by layer (LBL, multi-layer). The effect of silane to SiO2 mole ratio, silane type and layer number on the glass characters was evaluated. Characterization included hydrophobicity, transparency, surface roughness and stability of coating. Results showed that increasing the mole ratio of silane to SiO2 and the layer number increased the hydrophobicity of the glass surface. The optimum mole ratio was 5:1 and the significant increase of contact angle occurred at lower mole ratio, but the stability tends to be increased at higher mole ratio. For HDTMS-SiO2 layer, the technique of LBL technique produced a coating with higher hydrophobicity and transparency than single-stage one. The LBL technique produced the highest water contact angle of 103.7° with transmittance of 96%, while for TMCS-SiO2 layer the one stage technique produced hydrophobic layer with higher water contact angle of 108.0° and transparency about 94.52%. The prepared hydrophobic glasses were relatively stable in polar and non-polar solvents, but unstable to ambient conditions.

Keywords


rice hull; transparent; silica; water repellent; self-cleaning

Full Text:

Full Text PDF


References

[1] Ragesh, P., Ganesh, V.A., Nair, S.V., and Nair, A.S., 2014, A review on ‘self-cleaning and multifunctional materials’, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2 (36), 14773–14797.

[2] Mohamed, A.M.A., Abdullah, A.M., and Younan, N.A., 2015, Corrosion behavior of superhydrophobic surfaces: A review, Arabian J. Chem., 8 (6), 749–765.

[3] Latthe, S.S., Gurav, A.B., Maruti, C.S., and Vhatkar, R.S., 2012, Recent progress in preparation of superhydrophobic surfaces: A review, JSEMAT, 2 (2), 76–94.

[4] Lin, J., Chen, H., Fei, T., and Zhang, J., 2013, Highly transparent superhydrophobic organic-inorganic nanocoating from the aggregation of silica nanoparticles, Colloids Surf., A, 421, 51–62.

[5] Karunakaran, R.G., Lu, C.H., Zhang, Z., and Yang, S., Highly transparent superhydrophobic surfaces from the coassembly of nanoparticles (≤100 nm), Langmuir, 27 (8), 4594-4602.

[6] Wang, H., Ding, J. Lin, T., and Wang, X., 2010, Super water repellent fabrics produced by silica nanoparticle-containing coating, Res. J. Text. Apparel, 14 (2), 30–37.

[7] Xu, L., Wang, L., Shen, Y., Ding, Y., and Cai, Z., 2015, Preparation of hexadecyltrimethoxysilane-modified silica nanocomposite hydrosol and superhydrophobic cotton coating, Fibers Polym., 16 (5), 1082–1091.

[8] Wang, X., Chai, Y., and Liu, J., 2013, Formation of highly hydrophobic wood surfaces using silica nanoparticles modified with long-chain alkylsilane, Holzforschung, 67 (6), 667–672.

[9] Mahadik, S.A., Mahadik, D.B., Parale, V.G., Wagh, P.B., Gupta, S., and Rao, A.V., 2012, Recoverable and thermally stable superhydrophobic silica coating, J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol., 62 (3), 490–494.

[10] Latthe, S.S., Liu, S., Terashima, C., Nakata, K., and Fujishima, A., 2014, Transparent, adherent, and photocatalytic SiO2-TiO2 coatings on polycarbonate for self-cleaning applications, Coatings, 4 (3), 497–507.

[11] Yan, H., Yuanhao, W., and Hongxing, Y., 2015, TEOS/silane-coupling agent composed double layers structure: A novel super-hydrophilic surface, Energy Procedia, 75, 349–354.

[12] Hwang, J., and Ahn, Y., 2015, Fabrication of superhydrophobic silica nanoparticles and nanocomposite coating on glass surfaces, Bull. Korean Chem. Soc., 36 (1), 391–394.

[13] Azmiyawati, C., Nuryono, and Narsito, 2012, Adsorption of Mg(II) and Ca(II) on disulfonato-silica hybrid, Indones. J. Chem., 12 (3), 223–228.

[14] Azmiyawati, C., Nuryono, and Narsito, 2014, Synthesis of disulfonato-silica hybrid from rice husk ash, J. Med. Bioeng., 3 (4), 301–305.

[15] Kongmanklang, C., and Rangsriwatananon, K., 2015, Hydrothermal synthesis of high crystalline silicalite from rice husk ash, J. Spectro., 2015, 696513, 1–5.

[16] Liu, X., Chen, X., Yang, L., Chen, H., Tian, Y., and Wang, Z., 2016, A review on recent advances in the comprehensive application of rice husk ash, Res. Chem. Intermed., 42 (2), 893–913.

[17] Tang, Z., Li, H., Hess, D.W., and Breedveld, V., 2016, Effect of chain length on the wetting properties of alkyltrichlorosilane coated cellulose-based paper, Cellulose, 23 (2), 1401–1413.

[18] Kalapathy, U., Proctor, A., and Shultz, J., 2000, A simple method for production of pure silica from rice hull ash, Bioresour. Technol., 73 (3), 257–262.

[19] Brassard, J.D., Sarkar, D.K., and Perron, J., 2012, Fluorine based superhydrophobic coatings, Appl. Sci., 2 (2), 453–464.

[20] Rios, P.F., Dodiuk, H., Kenig, S., McCarthy, S., and Dotan, A., 2007, Transparent ultra-hydrophobic surfaces, J. Adhes. Sci. Technol., 21 (5-6), 399–408.

[21] Li, L., Li, B., Dong, J., and Zhang, J., 2016, Roles of silanes and silicones in forming superhydrophobic and superoleophobic materials, J. Mater. Chem. A, 4, 13677–13727.

[22] Kavale, M.S., Mahadik, D.B., Parale, V.G., Wagh, P.B., Gupta, S.C., Rao, A.V., and Barshita, H.C., 2011, Optically transparent, superhydrophobic methyltrimethoxysilane based silica coatings without silylating reagent, Appl. Surf. Sci., 258 (1), 158–162.

[23] Li, X., He, J., and Liu, W., 2013, Broadband anti-reflective and water repellent coatings on glass substrates for self-cleaning photovoltaic cells, Mater. Res. Bull., 48 (7), 2522–2528.

[24] Fadeev, A.Y., and McCarthy, T.J., 2000, Self-assembly is not the only reaction possible between alkyltrichlorosilanes and surfaces: Monomolecular and oligomeric covalently attached layers of dichloro- and trichloroalkylsilanes on silicon, Langmuir, 16 (18), 7268–7274.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.26714

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1045 | views : 1409


Copyright (c) 2018 Indonesian Journal of Chemistry

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

 


Indonesian Journal of Chemisty (ISSN 1411-9420 / 2460-1578) - Chemistry Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia.

Web
Analytics View The Statistics of Indones. J. Chem.