Effect of Anodizing Time and Annealing Temperature on Photoelectrochemical Properties of Anodized TiO2 Nanotube for Corrosion Prevention Application

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.24183

Misriyani Misriyani(1*), Abdul Wahid Wahab(2), Paulina Taba(3), Jarnuzi Gunlazuardi(4),

(1) Science Faculty, University of Alkhairaat
(2) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, University of Hasanuddin
(3) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, University of Hasanuddin
(4) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, University of Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


A study on the influence of anodizing time, annealing temperature and photoelectrochemical properties of TiO2 nanotube (TiO2 NT) has been investigated. The crystallinity was investigated using X-Ray Diffraction and the anti-corrosion performance of stainless steel 304 (SS 304) coupled with TiO2 NT was evaluated using electrochemical techniques under ultraviolet exposure. The optimum anodizing condition occurs at a voltage of 20 V for 3 h. After anodizing, the TiO2 NT amorf was calcined at 500 °C to obtain anatase crystalline phase. For the photoelectrochemical property, the effects of pH and NaCl concentration on corrosion prevention have been examined. The result showed that the corrosion rate of stainless steel 304 coupled with TiO2 NT can be reduced up to 1.7 times compared to the uncoupled stainless steel 304 (3.05×10-6 to 1.78×10-6 mpy) under ultraviolet exposure by shifted the photopotential to the more negative value (-0.302 V to -0.354 V) at a pH of 8 and 3% NaCl concentration (-0.264 V to -0.291 V). In conclusion, the TiO2 NT films, which was prepared by anodization and followed by annealing can prevent the corrosion of stainless steel 304.

Keywords


anodizing time; annealing temperature; pH; stainless steel 304

Full Text:

Full Text PDF


References

[1] Li, L., Zhou, Z., Lei, J., He, J., Zhang, S., and Pan, F., 2012, Highly ordered anodic TiO2 nanotube arrays and their stabilities as photo(electro)catalysts, Appl. Surf. Sci., 258 (8), 3647–3651.

[2] Bauer, S., Pittrof, A., Tsuchiya, H., and Schmuki, P., 2011, Size-effects in TiO2 nanotubes: Diameter dependent anatase/rutile stabilization, Electrochem. Commun., 13 (6), 538–541.

[3] Misriyani, Kunarti, E.S., and Yasuda, M., 2015, Synthesis of Mn(II)-loaded TIxSI1-xO4 composite acting as a visible-light driven photocatalyst, Indones. J. Chem., 15 (1), 43–49.

[4] Roy, P., Berger, S., and Schmuki, P., 2011, TiO2 nanotubes: Synthesis and applications, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 50 (13), 2904–2939.

[5] Vuong, D.D., Tram, D.T.N., Pho, P.Q., and Chien, N.D., 2009, “Hydrothermal Synthesis and Photocatalytic Properties of TiO2 Nanotubes” in Physics and Engineering of New Materials, 95–101.

[6] Lee, C.H., Kim, K.H., Jang, K.U., Park, S.J., and Choi, H.W., 2011, Synthesis of TiO2 Nanotube by Hydrothermal Method and Application for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst., 539 (1), 125/[465]–132/[472].

[7] Qiu, J., Yu, W., Gao, X., and Li, X., 2006, Sol–gel assisted ZnO nanorod array template to synthesize TiO2 nanotube arrays, Nanotechnology, 17 (18), 4695–4698.

[8] Koh, J.H., Koh, J.K., Seo, J.A., Shin, J.S., and Kim, J.H., 2011, Fabrication of 3D interconnected porous TiO2 nanotubes templated by poly(vinyl chloride-g-4-vinyl pyridine) for dye-sensitized solar cells, Nanotechnology, 22 (36), 365401.

[9] Yoriya, S., Kittimeteeworakul, W., and Punprasert, N., 2012, Effect of anodization parameters on morphologies of TiO2 nanotube arrays and their surface properties, J. Chem. Chem. Eng., 6 (8), 686–691.

[10] Li, Y., Yu, H., Zhang, C., Song, W., Li, G., Shao, Z., and Yi, B., 2013, Effect of water and annealing temperature of anodized TiO2 nanotubes on hydrogen production in photoelectrochemical cell, Electrochim. Acta, 107, 313–319.

[11] Nischk, M., Mazierski, P., Gazda, M., and Zaleska, A., 2014, Ordered TiO2 nanotubes: The effect of preparation parameters on the photocatalytic activity in air purification process, Appl. Catal., B, 144, 674–685.

[12] Lee, B.G., Choi, J.W., Lee, S.E., Jeong, Y.S., Oh, H.J., and Chi, C.S., 2009, Formation behavior of anodic TiO2 nanotubes in fluoride containing electrolytes, Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China, 19 (4), 842–845.

[13] Kapusta-Kołodziej, J., Tynkevych, O., Pawlik, A., Jarosz, M., Mech, J., and Sulka, G.D., 2014, Electrochemical growth of porous titanium dioxide in a glycerol-based electrolyte at different temperatures, Electrochim. Acta, 144, 127–135.

[14] Omidvar, H., Goodarzi, S., Seif, A., and Azadmehr, A.R., 2011, Influence of anodization parameters on the morphology of TiO2 nanotube arrays, Superlattices Microstruct., 50 (1), 26–39.

[15] Lei, C.X., Zhou, H., Wang, C., and Feng, Z.D., 2013, Self-assembly of ordered mesoporous TiO2 thin films as photoanodes for cathodic protection of stainless steel, Electrochim. Acta, 87, 245–249.

[16] Shen, G.X., Chen, Y.C., and Lin, C.J., 2005, Corrosion protection of 316L stainless steel by a TiO2 nanoparticle coating prepared by sol–gel method, Thin Solid Films, 489, (1-2), 130–136.

[17] Park, H., Kim, K.Y., and Choi, W., 2002, Photoelectrochemical approach for metal corrosion prevention using a semiconductor photoanode, J. Phys. Chem. B, 106 (18), 4775–4781.

[18] Liu, Q.Y., Mao, L.J., and Zhou, S.W., 2014, Effects of chloride content on CO2 corrosion of carbon steel in simulated oil and gas well environments, Corros. Sci., 84, 165–171.

[19] Wang, Y., Cheng, G., Wu, W., Qiao, Q., Li, Y., and Li, X., 2015, Effect of pH and chloride on the micro-mechanism of pitting corrosion for high strength pipeline steel in aerated NaCl solutions, Appl. Surf. Sci., 349, 746–756.

[20] Misriyani, Wahab, A.W., Taba, P., and Gunlazuardi, J., 2015, Synthesis of TiO2 nanotube decorated Ag as photoelectrode: Application for corrosion prevention of stainless steel 304 under visible light exposure, Int. J. Appl. Chem., 11 (5), 611–619.

[21] Hu, J., Shaokang, G., Zhang, C., Ren, C., Wen, C., Zeng, Z., and Peng, L., 2009, Corrosion protection of AZ31 magnesium alloy by a TiO2 coating prepared by LPD method, Surf. Coat. Technol., 203 (14), 2017–2020.

[22] Sreekantan, S., Lockman, Z., Hazan, R., Tasbihi, M., Tong, L.K., and Mohamed, A.R., 2009, Influence of electrolyte pH on TiO2 nanotube formation by Ti anodization, J. Alloys Compd., 485 (1-2), 478–483.

[23] Zhang, J., Du, R., Lin, Z., Zhu, Y., Guo, Y., Qi, H., Xu, L., and Lin, C., 2012, Highly efficient CdSe/CdS co-sensitized TiO2 nanotube films for photocathodic protection of stainless steel, Electrochim. Acta, 83, 59–64.

[24] Misriyani, Wahab, A.W., Gunlazuardi, J., Taba, P., and Shiomori, K., 2015, Synthesis and characterization of TiO2 nanotube films for a photo-electrochemical corrosion prevention of stainless steel under UV light exposure, Int. J. Appl. Chem. 11 (4), 443–453.

[25] Li, S., Liu, Y., Zhang, G., Zhao, X., and Yin, J., 2011, The role of the TiO2 nanotube array morphologies in the dye-sensitized solar cells, Thin Solid Films, 520 (2), 689–693.

[26] Misriyani, Kunarti, E.S., and Yasuda, M., 2015, Synthesis of Mn(II)-loaded TixSi1-xO4 composite acting as a visible-light driven photocatalyst, Indones. J. Chem., 15 (1), 43–49.

[27] Acevedo-Peña, P., and González, I., 2014, Relation between morphology and photoelectrochemical performance of TiO2 nanotubes arrays grown in ethylene glycol/water, Procedia Chem., 12, 34–40.

[28] Kim, K.P., Lee, S.J., Kim, D.H., Hwang, D.K., and Heo, Y.W., 2013, Dye-sensitized solar cells based on trench structured TiO2 nanotubes in Ti substrate, Curr. Appl. Phys., 13 (4), 795–798.

[29] Xing, J., Li, H., Xia, Z., Chen, J., Zhang, Y., and Zhong, L., 2014, Influence of substrate morphology on the growth and properties of TiO2 nanotubes in HBF4-based electrolyte, Electrochim Acta, 134, 242–248.

[30] Lei, C.X., Zhou, H., Feng, Z.D., Zhu, Y.F., and Du, R.G., 2012, Liquid phase deposition (LPD) of TiO2 thin films as photoanodes for cathodic protection of stainless steel, J. Alloys Compd., 513, 552–558.

[31] Yu, D., Wang, J., Tian, J., Xu, X., Dai, J., and Wang, X., 2013, Preparation and characterization of TiO2/ZnO composite coating on carbon steel surface and its anticorrosive behavior in seawater, Composites Part B, 46, 135–144.

[32] Cui, S., Yin, X., Yu, Q., Liu, Y., Wang, D., and Zhou, F., 2015, Polypyrrole nanowire/TiO2 nanotube nanocomposites as photoanodes for photocathodic protection of Ti substrate and 304 stainless steel under visible light, Corros. Sci., 98, 471–477.

[33] Eddy, N.O., and Ita, B.I., 2011, QSAR, DFT and quantum chemical studies on the inhibition potentials of some carbozones for the corrosion of mild steel in HCl, J. Mol. Model., 17 (2), 359–376.

[34] Hadanu, R., Idris, S., and Sutapa, I.W., 2015, QSAR analysis of benzothiazole derivatives of antimalarial compounds based on AM1 semi-empirical method, Indones. J. Chem., 15 (1), 86–92.

[35] Wang, H., Liu, L., Huang, Y., Wang, D., Hu, L., and Loy, D.A., 2014, Enhancement corrosion resistance of (γ-glycidyloxypropyl)-silsesquioxane-titanium dioxide films and its validation by gas molecule diffusion coefficients using Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulation, Polymers, 6 (2), 300–310.

[36] Asaduzzaman, M.D., Mohammad, C., and Mayeedul, I., 2011, Effects of concentration of sodium chloride solution on the pitting corrosion behavior of AISI 304L austenitic stainless steel, Chem. Ind. Chem. Eng. Q., 17 (4), 477–483.

[37] Eliyan, F.F., Mohammadi, F., and Alfantazi, A., 2012, An electrochemical investigation on the effect of the chloride content on CO2 corrosion of API-X100 steel, Corros. Sci., 64, 37–43.

[38] Liu, Q.Y., Mao, L.J., and Zhou, S.W., 2014, Effects of chloride content on CO2 corrosion of carbon steel in simulated oil and gas well environments, Corros. Sci., 84, 165–171.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.24183

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 18 | views : 25

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Indonesian Journal of Chemistry

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Indexed by:


Creative Commons License
Indonesian Journal of Chemistry is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Statistics=

View The Statistics of Indones. J. Chem.