Modification of Silica Coated on Iron Sand Magnetic Material with Chitosan for Adsorption of Au(III)

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.22549

Muflikhah Muflikhah(1*), Bambang Rusdiarso(2), Edy Giri Rachman Putra(3), Nuryono Nuryono(4),

(1) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta 55281
(2) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta 55281
(3) Polytechnic Institute of Nuclear Technology-Nuclear Energy Agency, Jl. Babarsari, Yogyakarta
(4) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta 55281
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Modification of silica coated on magnetic material iron sand with chitosan for adsorption of Au(III) has been carried out. Magnetic material (MM) from iron sand was separated using an external magnet, washed with water and HF solution 10%. MM–silica–chitosan material (MMSC) was synthesized via sol gel process and the product was characterized with Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) spectrophotometer, X–ray diffractometer, scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X–ray, thermogravimetric analysis, and vibration sample magnetometer. Additionally, the effect of pH on the stability of MMSC has also been tested. The adsorption of Au(III) on MMSC was proceeded in a batch system with variation of pH, contact time, and concentration of absorbate. Adsorbent was separated using external magnet and concentration of Au(III) not adsorbed was analyzed using Atomic Absorption Spectrometer. Characterization result indicated that MMSC was successfully synthesized. Adsorption of Au(III) on MMSC followed pseudo second-order kinetic model with the value of adsorption rate constant (k) of 4.10 x 10-3 g mg-1 min-1 and adsorption isotherm fixed with Langmuir model with the adsorption capacity (qmax) of 149.25 mg g-1.

Keywords


silica; chitosan; iron sand; Au(III) adsorption

Full Text:

Full Text PDF


References

[1] De La Calle, I., Pena-Pereira, F., Cabaleiro, N., Lavilla, I., and Bendicho, C., 2011, Ion pair-based dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction for gold determination at ppb level in solid samples after ultrasound-assisted extraction and in waters by electrothermal-atomic absorption spectrometry, Talanta, 84 (1), 109–115.

[2] Rusdiarso, B., 2007, Studi ekstraksi pelarut emas (III) dalam larutan konsentrat tembaga PT Freeport dengan 8-metylxantin, BMIPA, 17 (2), 15–22.

[3] Sahoo, P.R., and Venkatesh, A.S., 2015, Constraints of mineralogical characterization of gold ore: Implication for genesis, controls and evolution of gold from Kundarkocha gold deposit, Eastern India, J. Asian Earth Sci., 97, 136–149.

[4] Rubcumintara, T., 2015, Adsorptive recovery of Au(III) from aqueous solution using modified bagasse biosorbent, Int. J. Chem. Eng. Appl., 6 (2), 95–100.

[5] Kraus, A., Jainae, K., Unob, F., and Sukpirom, N., 2009, Synthesis of MPTS-modified cobalt ferrite nanoparticles and their adsorption properties in relation to Au(III), J. Colloid Interface Sci., 338 (2), 359–365.

[6] Hastuti, S., Nuryono, and Kuncaka, A., 2015, L-arginine-modified silica for adsorption of gold(III), Indones. J. Chem., 15 (2), 108–115.

[7] Mortazavi, K., Ghaedi, M., Roosta, M., and Montazerozohori, M., 2012, Chemical functionalization of silica gel with 2-((3-silylpropylimino) methyl) phenol (spimp) and its application for solid phase extraction and preconcentration of Fe(III), Pb(II), Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II) and Zn(II) ions, Indian J. Sci. Technol., 5 (1), 1893–1900.

[8] Budnyak, T.M., Pylypchuk, I.V, Tertykh, V.A., Yanovska, E.S., and Kolodynska, D., 2015, Synthesis and adsorption properties of chitosan-silica nanocomposite prepared by sol-gel method, Nanoscale Res. Lett., 10 (87), 1–10.

[9] Jal, P.K., Patel, S., and Mishra, B.K., 2004, Chemical modification of silica surface by immobilization of functional groups for extractive concentration of metal ions, Talanta, 62 (5), 1005–1028.

[10] Karimnezhad, K., and Moghimi, A., 2014, Extraction of Zn(II) using magnetic chitosan nanoparticles grafted with β-cyclodextrin and determination by FAAS, Orient. J. Chem., 30 (1), 95–103.

[11] Nuryono, Indriyanti, N.Y., Manuhutu, J.B., Narsito, and Tanaka, S., 2013, Sorption of Au(III) and Ag(I) on Amino- and Mercapto-silica hybrid columns, J. Anal. Sci., 17, 244–245.

[12] Hamoudi, S., El-Nemr, A., Bouguerra, M., and Belkacemi, K., 2012, Adsorptive removal of nitrate and phosphate anions from aqueous solutions using functionalized SBA-15: Effects of the organic functional group, Can. J. Chem. Eng., 90 (1), 34–40.

[13] He, X., Xu, H., and Li, H., 2015, Cr(VI) removal from aqueous solution by chitosan/carboxylmethyl cellulose/silica hybrid membrane, World J. Eng. Technol., 3, 234–240.

[14] Qu, R., Sun, C., Wang, M., Ji, C., Xu, Q., Zhang, Y., and Yin, P., 2009, Adsorption of Au(III) from aqueous solution using cotton fiber/chitosan composite adsorbents, Hydrometallurgy, 100 (1-2), 65–71.

[15] Dhawade, P., and Jagtap, R., 2012, Comparative study of physical and thermal properties of chitosan-silica hybrid coatings prepared by sol-gel method, Chem. Sin., 3 (3), 589–601.

[16] Mohmed, M.A., Mulyasuryani, A., and Sabarudin, A., 2013, Adsorption of cadmium by silica chitosan, J. Pure Appl. Chem. Res., 2 (2), 62–66.

[17] Chang, Y., Chen, D., and Chen, D., 2006, Recovery of gold(III) ions by a chitosan- coated magnetic nano-adsorbent, Gold Bull., 39 (3), 98–102.

[18] Cornell, R.M., and Schwertmann, U., 2003, The Iron Oxides: Structure, Properties, Reactions, Occurences and Uses, 2nd Ed., Wiley.

[19] Ho, S.H., 2004, Citation review of Lagergren kinetic rate equation on adsorption reactions, Scientometrics, 59 (1), 171–177.

[20] Wang, L., Peng, H., Liu, S., Yu, H., Li, P., and Xing, R., 2012, Adsorption properties of gold onto a chitosan derivative, Int. J. Biol. Macromol., 51 (5), 701–704.

[21] AbdElhady, M.M., 2012, Preparation and characterization of chitosan/zinc oxide nanoparticles for imparting antimicrobial and UV protection to cotton fabric, Int. J. Carbohdr. Chem., 2012, 1–6.

[22] Ren, Y., Abbood, H.A., He, F., Peng, H., and Huang, K., 2013, Magnetic EDTA-modified chitosan/SiO2/Fe3O4 adsorbent: Preparation, characterization, and application in heavy metal adsorption, Chem. Eng. J., 226, 300–311.

[23] Xi, F., Wu, J., and Lin, X., 2006, Novel nylon-supported organic–inorganic hybrid membrane with hierarchical pores as a potential immobilized metal affinity adsorbent, J. Chromatogr. A, 1125 (1), 38–51.

[24] Shirosaki, Y., Tsuru, K., Hayakawa, S., Osaka, A., Lopes, M.A., Santos, J.D., and Fernandes, M.H., 2005, In vitro cytocompatibility of MG63 cells on chitosan-organosiloxane hybrid membranes, Biomaterials, 26 (5), 485–493.

[25] Lei, Z., Pang, X., Li, N., Lin, L., and Li, Y., 2009, A novel two-step modifying process for preparation of chitosan-coated Fe3O4/SiO2 microspheres. J. Mater. Process. Technol., 209 (7), 3218–3225.

[26] Dongre, R., Thakur, M., Ghugal, D., and Meshram, J., 2012, Bromine pretreated chitosan for adsorption of lead(II) from water, Bull. Mater. Sci., 35 (5), 875–884.

[27] Liu, W., Yin, P., Liu, X., Dong, X., Zhang, J., and Xu, Q., 2013, Thermodynamics, kinetics, and isotherms studies for gold(III) adsorption using silica functionalized by diethylenetriaminemethylenephosphonic acid, Chem. Eng. Res. Des., 91 (12), 2748–2758.

[28] Pylypchuk, I.V., Kołodyńska, D., Kozioł, M., and Gorbyk, M.M., 2016, Gd-DTPA adsorption on chitosan/magnetite nanocomposites, Nanoscale Res. Lett., 11 (168), 1–10.

[29] Paclawski, K., and Fitzner, K., 2004, Kinetics of gold(III) chloride complex reduction using sulfur(IV), Metall. Mater. Trans. B, 35, 1071–1085.

[30] Pestov, A., Nazirov, A., Modin, E., Mironenko, A., and Bratskaya, S., 2015, Mechanism of Au(III) reduction by chitosan: Comprehensive study with 13C and 1H NMR analysis of chitosan degradation products, Carbohydr. Polym., 117, 70–77.

[31] Patel, P.A., Eckart, J., Advincula, M.C., Goldberg, A.J., and Mather, P.T., 2009, Rapid synthesis of polymer-silica hybrid nanofibers by biomimetic mineralization, Polymer, 50 (5), 1214–1222.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.22549

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 76 | views : 60

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Indonesian Journal of Chemistry

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Indexed by:


Creative Commons License
Indonesian Journal of Chemistry is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Statistics=

View The Statistics of Indones. J. Chem.