EFFECT OF MATRICES ON PERCENT EXTRACTION OF SILVER (II) FROM BLACK/WHITE PRINTING PHOTOGRAPHIC WASTE USING EMULSION LIQUID MEMBRANE TECHNIQUE

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.21942

Imam Santoso(1*), Buchari Buchari(2)

(1) Jurusan Kimia, FMIPA Universitas Negeri Jakarta
(2) Jurusan Kimia FMIPA Institut Teknologi Bandung
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Extraction of silver (I) has been studied from black/white printing photographic waste by emulsion liquid membrane technique. Composition emulsion at the membrane phase was cerosene as solvent, sorbitan monooleat (span 80) as surfactant, dimethyldioctadesyl-ammonium bromide as carrier and as internal phase was HNO3. Optimum condition was obtained: ratio of internal phase volume and membrane phase volume was 1:1 : concentration of surfactant was 2% (v/v) : time of making emulsion was 20 second : rate of stiring emulsion was 1100 rpm : rest time emulsion was 3 second : rate of emulsion volume and external phase volume was 1:5 : emulsion contact rate 500 rpm : emulsion contact time was 40 second : concentration of silver thiosulfate as external phase was 100 ppm : pH of external phase was 3 and pH of internal phase was 1. Optimum condition was applied in silver(I) extraction from black/white printing photographic waste. It was obtained 77.33% average which 56.06% silver (I) average of internal phase and 22.66% in the external phase. Effect of matrices ion decreased silver(I) percent extraction from 96,37% average to 77.33% average.

Keywords


photographics waste; silver extraction

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References

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[2]   Vogel’s (alih Bahasa) Hadyana Pudjaatmaka., “Buku Teks Analisis Anorganik Kualitatif Makro dan Semimikro”, edisi ke 5, Kalman Media Pusaka, Jakarta, 1990.

[3]   Yanto, Sri., “Photo Grafi”, C.V. Aneka, Solo, 1997.

[4]   Bromberg, L. et.al., J. Membrane Sci”., 1992, 70, 31,-39.

[5]   Adamson, A.W., “Physical Chemistry of Surface”, 4th . John Wiley & Sons New York, 1982.

[6]   Mulder, M., “Basic Principle of Membrane Technology”, Kluwe Academic Publisher, London, 1996.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.21942

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Indonesian Journal of Chemistry (ISSN 1411-9420 / 2460-1578) - Chemistry Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia.

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