Harno Dwi Pranowo(1*), Chairil Anwar(2)

(1) Austrian-Indonesian Centre for Computational Chemistry, Chemistry Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada , Yogyakarta
(2) Chemistry Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(*) Corresponding Author


The aim of this research is to find information about the substituent effect to the structure of crown ether benzo-15-crown-5 (Bz15C5), dibenzo-16-crown-5 (DBz16C5) and dibenzo-18-crown-6 (DBz18C6), and also crown ether selectivity to coordinate a Li+ metal cation. The presence of substituent could change the conformations flexibility of crown ether during interact with metal cation. In this research semi empirical MNDO/d method was used for calculations. Firstly, geometry optimization was conducted to crown ethers structure using MNDO/d methods. The next steps were running the geometry optimization of complexes between cation Li+ with crown ethers. Data were produced from these calculation are the parameter of crown ether structures, structures of the complexes, and the binding energy of the cation-crown ethers. The presence of electron-withdrawing substituents decreased the binding energy while that of electron-donating one increase the binding energy (value of ΔE more negative). The substituents which are increase the degree of symmetry of the cation-crown ether complexes could give the increase of crown ether selectivity to bind the cation. Selectivity of crown ether to bind the cation depends on the structural match between ionic radii of crown ether cavity (the ion-cavity size concept). Bz15C5 what has higher selectivity to bind Li+ than DBz16C5 and DBz18C6.


selectivity; crown ether; MNDO/d

Full Text:

Full Text Pdf


[1] Lamb, J. D., Izatt, R. M., Christensen, J. J., and Eatough, D. J., 1979, Coordination Chemistry of Macrocyclic Compounds, Plenum, New York.

[2] Bradshaw, J. S., and Izatt R. M., 1997, Acc. Chem. Res., 30, 338-345.

[3] More, M. B., Ray D., and Armentrout, P. B., 1997, J. Phys. Chem. A, 101, 4254-4262.

[4] Ushakov E. N., Gromov S. P., Fedorova O. A., Pershina Y. V., Alfimov, M. V., Barigelletti, F., Flamigni, L., and Balzani, V., 1999, J. Phys. Chem., 103, 11188-11193.

[5] Zolotov, A.A., 1997, Macrocyclic Compounds in Analytical Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York.

[6] Yeh T.-S., and Su T.-M., 1998, J. Phys. Chem., A. 102, 6017-6024.

[7] Anderson, W. P., Behm, Jr. P., Glennon, T. M., and Zerner, M. C., 1997, J. Phys. Chem. A., 101, 1920-1926.

[8] Nicholas, J. B., and Hay, B. P., 1999, J. Phys. Chem., A, 103, 9815-9820.

[9] Ford, G. P., and Wang, B., 1993, J. Comp. Chem., 14, 1101.

[10] Vogtle, F., 1993, Supramolecular Chemistry, John Wiley and Sons Ltd., Chichester

[11] Baker, J., 1993, J. Comp. Chem., 14, 1085.

[12] Colton R., Mitchell, S., and Traeger J.C., 1995, Inorg.Chem.Act., 231, 87-93.

[13] Fessenden R. J, and Fessenden J.S., 1986, Organic Chemistry, edisi ke-3, Wadsworth, Inc., Massachuset


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1003 | views : 2342

Copyright (c) 2010 Indonesian Journal of Chemistry

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.


Indonesian Journal of Chemistry (ISSN 1411-9420 /e-ISSN 2460-1578) - Chemistry Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia.

Analytics View The Statistics of Indones. J. Chem.