THE INFLUENCE OF Si/Al MOLE RATIO OF PRECURSOR SOLUTION ON THE STRUCTURAL PROPERTIES OF MCM-41 FROM FLY ASH

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.21896

Sutarno Sutarno(1*), Yateman Arryanto(2), Stefani Wigati(3)

(1) Chemistry Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(2) Chemistry Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(3) Chemistry Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The synthesis of MCM-41 from fly ash was done hydrothermally at 100°C for 72 hours using supernatant of fly ash solution, sodium silicate, tetramethylammonium hydroxide (TMAOH) and cetyltrimethyl-ammonium hydroxide (CTMAOH) surfactants. The effect of Si/Al mole ratio of precursor solution on the structural properties of MCM-41 was studied by variation of the volume composition of supernatant and sodium silicate. The surfactant was removed by calcination at 550°C for 5 hours with heating rate 2°C/minute. The as-synthesized products were characterized by X-ray diffraction, infrared spectroscopy, and nitrogen adsorption methods. The XRD pattern proved that the samples were MCM-41 and the higher the Si/Al mole ratio of precursor solution resulted MCM-41 with higher crystallinity. Calcination was able to remove the CTMAOH surfactant. It was identified by the disappearance of the peak at 3000-2850 cm-1, which is characteristic for CTMAOH. The XRD pattern of calcined MCM-41 showed the decreaseof dspacing  and the increase of crystallinity. MCM-41 synthesized with Si/Al mole ratio of precursor solution=44.5 showed the highest crystallinity and has specific surface area=694.5 m2/g, average pore diameter=35Å and pore wall thickness=13.6Å.


Keywords


fly ash; Si/Al mole ratio; MCM-41; crystallinity

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.21896

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