THE EFFICIENCY OF CHARCOAL AS A FILTER MEDIA IN NON-VEGETATION CONSTRUCTED WETLAND SUBSURFACE-FLOW SYSTEM (SF) FOR AMMONIA, CHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND, AND IRON TREATMENT OF LANDFILL LEACHATES

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.21877

Ahmad Md. Noor(1*), Pedy Artsanti(2), P.E. Lim(3), S. Suryani(4), H.P.S Abdul Khalil(5)

(1) School of Chemical Sciences Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Penang
(2) School of Chemical Sciences Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Penang
(3) School of Chemical Sciences Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Penang
(4) School of Distance Education Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Penang
(5) School of Industrial Technology Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Penang
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The thermal Charcoal for domestic used was crushed into powder and mixed with gravel. Four reactors of different proportion and size of charcoal and gravel were set up without vegetation. Sample of landfill leachates obtained from site of Pulau Burung Landfill, Penang, was introduced into the reactors. Ammonia, chemical oxygen demand (COD), and iron of inlet and outlet from four reactors were analyzed by standard methods. Result shows that overall performance of removing ammonia and iron were much better than COD.


Keywords


charcoal; leachate; filter media

Full Text:

Full Text Pdf


References

[1]   Cossu, R., 1989, Role of Landfilling in Solid Waste Management in Sanitary Landfilling: Process, Technology and Environmental Impact. London Academic Press Ltd., London

[2]   Kadlec, R.H., 1999, Constructed Wetlands for the Treatment of Landfill Leachates. Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton

[3]   American Public Health Association, APHA, 1992, Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater (18th ed.), APHA, American Water Works Association and Water Environment Federation, Washington D.C.

[4]   Yang, L., Chang, H.T., and Huang, M.N.L., 2001, Ecological Engineering, 18, 91-105.

[5]   Brix, H., 1993, Wastewater treatment in constructed wetlands: system design, removal process, and treatment performance. In: Moshiri, G.A. (Ed.), Constructed Wetlands for Water Quality Improvement. Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton. FL, 9-22.

[6]   Lin, Y.F., Jing, S.R., Wang, T.W., and Lee, D.Y., 2002, Environmental Pollution, 119, 413-420.

[7]   Noor, A.Md.,  Artsanti, P., Lim, P.E., Suryani, S., and Khalil, H.P.S.a., 2003, Proceeding of Conference in Conjunction with Research & Development Exposition, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 9-12 October. 

[8]   Surface, J.M., Peverly, J.H., Steenhuis,T.S., and Sanford, W.E., 1993, Effect of Season, Substrate Composition, and Plant Growth on Landfill Leachate Treatment in a Constructed Wetland, In: Moshiri, G.A. (Ed.), Constructed Wetlands for Water Quality Improvement, Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton. FL, 461-472.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.21877

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 352 | views : 565


Copyright (c) 2010 Indonesian Journal of Chemistry

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

 


Indonesian Journal of Chemistry (ISSN 1411-9420 / 2460-1578) - Chemistry Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia.

Web
Analytics View The Statistics of Indones. J. Chem.