Uripto Trisno Santoso(1*), Herdiansyah Herdiansyah(2), Sri Juari Santosa(3), Dwi Siswanta(4)

(1) Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, University of Lambung Mangkurat, Jl. Jend. A. Yani Km 35,8 Banjarbaru, Kalimantan Selatan 70714
(2) FKIP University of Lambung Mangkurat, Banjarbaru, Kalimantan Selatan 70714
(3) Chemistry Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(4) Chemistry Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(*) Corresponding Author


The process of reduction and oxidation of soluble chromium in humic acid subfraction-sensitized photocatalyst was studied. Humic acid was extracted from peat soil sampled in Gambut District, South Kalimantan. Humic acid (HA) was fractionated to humic acid subfraction (HAS) by centrifugation method. ZnO and TiO2were applied as the photocatalysts produced by Merck, suspended in solution of 2 g/L. Two germicide UV lamps 30 watt (Philip®) was placed in a box at 20 cm above the samples. The results showed that HA or HAS sensitized the photoreduction of Cr(VI) by photocatalyst. The low molecular weight of HAS is more effective to act as sensitizer than the high molecular weight one. The yield of the photoreduction of Cr(VI) with photocatalysts enhanced both in the presence of Fe(II) ion and HAS. UV irradiation of the MnO4- solutions containing Cr(III) induced the photooxidation of Cr(III) to Cr(VI). The presence of Fe(III) or HAS doesn't inhibit significantly. The inhibition is enhanced by the present of both HAS and Fe(II) or HAS and Fe(III). This inhibition is enhanced more by the presence of ZnO or TiO2 photocalysts.


reduction; oxidation; chromium; humic acid; photocatalyst

Full Text:

Full Text Pdf


[1]   Richard, F.C. and Bourg, A.C.H, 1991, Wat. Res., 25: 807-8-6.

[2]   Kozuh, N., Štupar, J. and Gorenc, B., 2000, Environ. Sci. Technol., 34: 112-119.

[3]   Sperling, M., Xu, S. and Welz, B., 1992, Anal. Chem., 64: 3101-3108.

[4]   Buerge, I.J., and Hug, S.J., 1998, Environ. Sci. Technol., 32: 2092-2099.

[5]   Sylvester, P., Rutherford, L.A., Gonzalez-martin, A., Kim, J., Rapko, B.M., and Lumetta, G.J., 2001, Environ. Sci. Technol., 35: 216-221.

[6]   Santoso, U.T., Herdiansyah, Santosa, S.J. and Siswanta, D., 2003, Kajian Pemanfaatan Asam Humat Tanah Gambut sebagai Sensitizer Reduksi Cr(VI) Menjadi Cr(III) Secara Fotokatalitik, Prosiding Seminar Nasional Kimia XIII, Yogyakarta, 4 Oktober 2003.

[7]   Aiken, G.R., McKnight, D.M., Wershaw, R.L. and MacCarthy, P., 1985, Humic Subtance in Soil, Sedimen and Water: Geochemistry, Isolation and Characterization, John Wiley & Sons, Ney York.

[8]   Witbrodt, P.R. and Palmer, C.D., 1996, Environ. Sci. Technol., 30: 2470-2477.

[9]   Tarchitzky, J., Chen, Y., and Banin, A, 1993, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 57: 367-372.

[10] Chen, Y., Senesi, N. and Schnitzer, M., 1997, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 41: 352-358.

[11] Tan, K.H., 1998, Dasar-dasar Kimia Tanah (terjemahan), Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta.

[12] Cabaniss, S.E., Zhou, Q., Maurice, P.A., Chin, Y.P. and Aiken, G.R., 2000, Environ. Sci. Technol., 34: 1103-1109.

[13] Prairie, M.R., Evan, L.R., Stange, B.M, and Martinez, S.L, 1993, Environ. Sci. Technol., 27: 1776-1782.

[14] Selli, E., Giorgi, A.D., and Bidoglio, G, 1996, Environ. Sci. Technol., 30: 598-604.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 361 | views : 626

Copyright (c) 2010 Indonesian Journal of Chemistry

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.


Indonesian Journal of Chemistry (ISSN 1411-9420 / 2460-1578) - Chemistry Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia.

Analytics View The Statistics of Indones. J. Chem.