Endang Tri Wahyuni(1*), Mudasir Mudasir(2), Ngatidjo Hadipranoto(3)

(1) Chemistry Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55281
(2) Chemistry Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55281
(3) Chemistry Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55281
(*) Corresponding Author


The influences of ionic Fe(III) and colloidal Fe(OH)3 on the effectiveness of p-chlorophenol photodegradation catalyzed by TiO2 has been studied. Photodegradation was carried out in a batch system by irradiating a suspension of TiO2, p-chlorophenol, and Fe(III) as ionic or colloidal forms, using UV lamp for a period of time accompanied by magnetic stirring. Concentration of photodegraded p-chlorophenol was calculated by subtracting the initial concentration with that of undegraded p-chlorophenol. Concentration of undegraded p-chlorophenol was determined by gas chromatography. In this study, TiO2 mass and the photodegradation time were optimized. The influences of concentration of Fe(III) solution, mass of Fe(OH)3, and pH of the solution have also been systematically studied. The research results showed that the presence of Fe(III) ions improved the effectiveness of photocatalytical degradation of p-chlorophenol, which was proportional to the concentrations of Fe(III) ion. In contrast, the increasing mass of Fe(OH)3 led to a decrease in the degree of p-chlorophenol photodegradation. Furthermore, it was observed that increasing pH of the solution resulted in a decrease in the photodegradation of p-chlorophenol. This phenomena may be due to the different species of TiO2 available at the surface of photocatalyst and of ionic Fe(III) and colloidal Fe(OH)3 in the solution resulted from the pH alteration. The highest photodegradation degree, ca. 80 % was obtained when 20 mg of TiO2 was applied in the photodegradation of 50 mL of 100 ppm p-chlorophenol solution in the presence of 100 ppm Fe3+ irradiated by UV-light for 25 hours.


p-chlorophenol photodegradation; TiO2; Fe(III) species

Full Text:

Full Text Pdf


[1] Hu, Z., Srinivasant, M.P., and Ni, Y., 2000, Adsorption and Desorption of Phenol and Dyes on Microporous and Mesoporous Activated Carbon, Proceeding of The 2nd Pacific Basin Conference on Adsorption Science and Technology, Brisbane.

[2] Wahyuni,E.T., and Mudasir, 2005, Selektivitas Adsorpsi Zeolit Alam terhadap p-Nitrofenol dan p-Klorofenol, Prosiding Seminar Nasional Kimia XVI FMIPA-UGM Jogjakarta 14 April 2005.

[3] Abd-El-Halem, D., Beshay,U., Abdelhamid, A.U., Moaward, H. and Zaki, S., 2003, Afr. J. Biotech.., 2, 8-12.

[4] Ruiz-Ordaz, N., Ruiz-Langunez, J.C., Castanon-Gonzalez, J.H., Hernandez-Manzano, E., Christiani-Urbina, E., and Galindez-Mayer, J., 2001, Revista Latinoamericana de Microbiologia, 43, 19-25.

[5] Wahyuni, E.T., Lestari, A.D., and Mudasir, 2004, Preparation, Characterization, and Photocatalytic Test of ZnO-zeolite, The Regional Conference for Young Chemist, Penang Malaysia.

[6] Sabhi, S., and Kiwi, J., 2000, Wat. Res. 35 (8), 1994-2002.

[7] Wahyuni, E.T., Trisunaryanti, W., and Sugiharto, E., 2006

[8], Photocatalytic Activity of FeO-Zeolite for p-Chlorophenol Degradation, Penang International Conference for Young Chemist USM, Penang, Malaysia.

[9] Alemany, L.J., Banares, M.A., Pardo, E., Martin, F., Galan-Fereres, M., and Blasco, M.J., 1997, Appl. Catal. B : Envir. 13, 289-297.

[10] Peiro, A.M., Ayllon, A., Peral, J., and Domenech, X., 2001, Appl. Catal. B : Envir., 30, 359-373.

[11] Linsebigler, A.L., Lu. G.Q, and Yates, J, Jr., 1995, Chem. Rev. 95, 735-758.

[12] Wahyuni, E.T., and Mudasir, 2006, Synergic removal of p-chlorophenol and Cr(VI) ion using photoreaction method catalyzed by TiO2, Penang International Conference for Young Chemist USM, Penang, Malaysia.

[13] Brezova, V., Blazkova, A., Borosova, E., Ceppan, M., and Fiala, R., 1995, J. Molec. Catal. A : Chem.. 98, 106-116.

[14] Burrows, H.D., Ernestova, L., Kemp, T.J., Skurlatov Y.I., Purmal, A.P., and Yermekov, A.N., 1998, Progress in Reaction Kinetics. 23, 145-207.

[15] Herrera, F., Lopez, A., Mascolo, G., Albers, P., and Kiwi, J., 2001, Appl. Catal. B : Envir. 29, 147-162.

[16]Hoffmann, M.R., Martin, S.T., Choi, W., and Bahnemann, D.W., 1995, Chem. Rev. 95, 69-96.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1169 | views : 846

Copyright (c) 2010 Indonesian Journal of Chemistry

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.


Indonesian Journal of Chemistry (ISSN 1411-9420 / 2460-1578) - Chemistry Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia.

Analytics View The Statistics of Indones. J. Chem.