PREPARATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF TiO2-ZEOLITE AND ITS APPLICATION TO DEGRADE TEXTILLE WASTEWATER BY PHOTOCATALYTIC METHOD

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.21724

Yeslia Utubira(1*), Karna Wijaya(2), Triyono Triyono(3), Eko Sugiharto(4)

(1) Chemical Education Study Program, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Pattimura University, Ir.M.Putuhena Street-Poka, Ambon
(2) Chemistry Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55281
(3) Chemistry Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55281
(4) Environmental Study Center, Lingkungan Budaya Street, Sekip Utara Yogyakarta 55281
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The preparation of titanium oxide-zeolite composite (TiO2-zeolite) has been done. Preparation was initiated by dispersing oligocation of titanium solution into suspension of natural zeolite. The suspension was stirred and then filtered to separate the solid phase from the filtrate. The solid phase was heated by microwave oven to convert the oligocations into its oxide forms and the resulting material (called as TiO2-zeolite) then was used to photodegrade the wastewater of PT.Jogjatex The TiO2-zeolite and unmodified zeolite were characterized using X-ray diffractometry, FT-IR spectro-photometry, X-ray fluorescence (XRF) and gas sorption analysis (GSA) methods to determine their physicochemical properties. Photocatalytic activity of TiO2-Zeolite was tested by exposing the suspension of TiO2-Zeolite/wastewater by the UV light of 366 nm at room temperature for 15 - 75 minutes. Characterization results exhibited that the formation of TiO2 on internal as well as external surfaces of Zeolite could not be detected  with X-ray diffractometry as well as  FT-IR spectrophotometry, however elemental analysis result with XRF indicated that titanium concentration in zeolite increased due to the inclusion, i.e from 0.26% (w/w) in zeolite to 2.80% (w/w) in TiO2-zeolite. Characterization result by GSA exhibited the increased of specific surface area from 19.57 m2/g in zeolite to 67.96 m2/g in TiO2-zeolite; total pore volume from 20.64 x 10-3 mL/g in zeolite to 49.561 x 10-3 mL/g in TiO2-Zeolite; pore radius average decreased from 21.10 Å in zeolite to 14.58 Å in TiO2-zeolite. Photocatalytic activity test of TiO2-zeolite on wastewater of PT. Jogjatex showed that UV radiation for 75 minutes on the mixture of TiO2-zeolite and wastewater resulted in the decreased of  COD number up to 57.85%. Meanwhile the sorption study showed that zeolite and TiO2-zeolite could decrease COD number of wastewater up to 43.95% and 57.85%, respectively.


Keywords


TiO2-zeolite; photocatalytic; wastewater

Full Text:

Full Text Pdf


References

[1]   Anonim, 1998, Standard Method for The Examination of Water and Wastewater, 20th Edition, American Water Works Association, Water Environment Federation, Section 5220-5310.

[2]   Corrent, S. , Cosa, G., Scaiano, J.C. , Galletero, M.S., Alvaro, M and Garcia, H., 2001. Chem. Mater., 13, 115-122.

[3]   Cotton, F.A, Wilkinson, G and Gaus, P.L., 1987, Basic Inorganic Chemistry, 2nd ed.,John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York

[4]   Durgakumari, V., Subrahmanyan, M., Subba Rao, K.V., Ratnamala, A., Noorjahan, M., and Tanaka, K., 2002, J. Appl. Catal, A : Gen, 234, 155-165.

[5]   Ekimov, A.I., Efros, A.I.L. and Anuchenko, A.A., 1985, Solid State Comm., 5611, 921-1524.

[6]   Hoffmann, M.R., Martin, S.T., Choi, W., and Bahnemann, D.W., 1995, Chem. Rev, 95, 69-96.

[7]   Lachheb, H.,Puzenat, E., Houas, A., Ksibi, M, Elaloui, E., Guillard, C and Hermann, J-M., 2002, Appl. Catal. B: Env. 39, 74-90.

[8]   Las, T.2005, website http://www.batan.go.id/ p2plr/olahlimbah.html, diakses tanggal 4 Desember 2005

[9]   Linsebigler A.L., Guangquan L., and Yates,Jr.,J.T.,  1995, Chem Rev, 735-758

[10] Long, R.Q. and Yang, R.T., 1999, J.Catal. 186, 254-268

[11] MENLH, 2005, Pengolahan dan Pemanfaatan Limbah, http;//www MENLH, 90.Id/Usaha-kecil, diaskes tgl 27 Januari 2006.

[12] Nogueira, R.F.P, and Jardim, W.F, 1993, J of Chemical Education, 70, 10, 861-862.

[13] Rao, K.V.S., Srivinas,B., Prasad, A.R., and Subrahmanyam, M., 2000, Chem. Commun, 1633-1534.

[14] Sampath, S., Uchida, H., and Yoneyama, H., 1994, J. Phys. Chem, 189-194

[15] Stuart, B., and Ando, D.J., 1996, Modern Infrared Spectroscopy, John Wiley & Sons, New York.

[16] Takeda, N., Torimoto, T., Yoneyama, H., 1999, Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn., 72, 1615-1621

[17] Weitkamp, J and Puppe, L., 1999, Catalysis and Zeolites: Fundamentals and Application, Springer, Berlin



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.21724

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1126 | views : 3224


Copyright (c) 2010 Indonesian Journal of Chemistry

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

 


Indonesian Journal of Chemistry (ISSN 1411-9420 / 2460-1578) - Chemistry Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia.

Web
Analytics View The Statistics of Indones. J. Chem.