STRUCTURE MODIFICATION OF ANDROGRAPHOLIDE TO IMPROVE ITS POTENCY AS ANTICANCER

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.21699

Hadi Poerwono(1*), Yoshiyuki Hattori(2), Hajime Kubo(3), Kimio Higashiyama(4)

(1) Faculty of Pharmacy, Airlangga University, Jl. Dharmawangsa Dalam, Surabaya 60286, Indonesia
(2) Institute of Medicinal Chemistry, Hoshi University, Ebara 2-4-41, Shinagawa, Tokyo 152-8501, Japan
(3) Institute of Medicinal Chemistry, Hoshi University, Ebara 2-4-41, Shinagawa, Tokyo 152-8501, Japan
(4) Institute of Medicinal Chemistry, Hoshi University, Ebara 2-4-41, Shinagawa, Tokyo 152-8501, Japan
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Andrographolide, a diterpenoid lactone isolated from the herb of Andrographis paniculata and known to possess antitumor activity in breast cancer models was subjected to semisynthesis leading to the preparation of a number of derivatives. After protection of the two hydroxyl groups present at C-3 and C-19 to give 3,19-isopropylidene and 3,19-benzylidene andrographolides, the remaining hydroxyl group at C-14 of andrographolide was treated with acid anhydride or acid chloride under base condition. Unfortunately, the reactions gave only 14-dehydroandrographolide as well as unidentified diacyl compounds in replace of the target molecule 14-O-acyl andrographolide. An alternative procedure using neat acetic anhydride under reflux gave the acetyl derivatives. The resulted compounds exhibited cytotoxic activity against MCF-7 breast cancer cells with better growth inhibition than the parent compound andrographolide.


Keywords


andrographolide; acylation; anticancer; cytotoxic; breast cancer cells

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.21699

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