PREPARATION OF CHITOSAN-GOLD NANOPARTICLES: PART 1 (OF 2). EFFECT OF REDUCING TECHNIQUE

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.21621

Adlim Adlim(1*), Mohamad Abu Bakar(2)

(1) Jurusan Kimia FKIP Universitas Syiah Kuala Darussalam, Banda Aceh, 23111
(2) School of Chemical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Minden, Penang
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Chitosan-stabilized gold nanoparticles were synthesized in aqueous formic acid, citric, or acetic acid with and without chitosan as the stabilizer. Refluxing in methanol, addition of hydrazine or sodium borohydride, photo-irradiation were employed as the reducing agents & reduction technique of gold ions. Dispersed particles of chitosan-stabilized gold were obtained in aqueous acetic acid-methanol solution.  The chitosan-stabilized gold colloids (chi-Au) were dispersed and the particle size were in range of 9-30 nm, some of which were crystalline with various shapes.  Chi-Au prepared with hydrazine as the reducing agent resulted in large and aggregated particles. The finest and dispersed chi-Au particles were obtained if NaBH4 was used as the reducing agent and the diameters could be controlled within 2.2-2.3 nm.


Keywords


Gold nanoparticles; chitosan; size control

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.21621

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