FABRICATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF CARBON COMPOSITE FROM COCONUT SHELL CARBON

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.21398

Meytij Jeanne Rampe(1*), Bambang Setiaji(2), Wega Trisunaryanti(3), Triyono Triyono(4)

(1) Student of Doctorate Program, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematic and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta 55281
(3) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta 55281
(4) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta 55281
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Structure and chemical composition of coconut shell carbon with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) as the stimulant through the observation of TG-DTA, SEM-EDS and FTIR has been studied. The process was carried out by calcining coconut shell charcoal at the temperature of 873 and 1023 K under Nitrogen flow, then mixed with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) under composition of 2.5 to 7.5% (wt) in water solvent. The growing of carbon composite structure was observed by heating the samples in Argon gas of 1673 K, the rate of temperature was 10 K/min in 3 h. The products were then analyzed by TG-DTA, SEM-EDS, FTIR and XRD. The result showed that the products were in uniform particle sizes of micrometer dimensions and spherical particles shape, with average content of C element was 97.44% (wt), aromatic character and semi-crystalline structure.

Keywords


coconut shell carbon; PVA; carbon composite; TG/DTA; SEM/EDS; FTIR; XRD

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.21398

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Indonesian Journal of Chemisty (ISSN 1411-9420 / 2460-1578) - Chemistry Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia.

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