Imam Prasetyo(1*), Rochmadi Rochmadi(2), Teguh Ariyanto(3), Rakhmat Yunanto(4)

(1) Chemical Engineering Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Jl. Grafika, No. 2, Yogyakarta 55281
(2) Chemical Engineering Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Jl. Grafika, No. 2, Yogyakarta 55281
(3) Chemical Engineering Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Jl. Grafika, No. 2, Yogyakarta 55281
(4) Chemical Engineering Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Jl. Grafika, No. 2, Yogyakarta 55281
(*) Corresponding Author


Nanoporous carbon materials, a unique and useful material, have been widely used in many technologies such as separation processes, catalysis, energy storage, gas storage, energy conversion, etc. due to its high specific surface area and tunable porosity. In this research, nanoporous carbons were prepared using simple and innovative approach based on structural array of phenolic resin polymer without activation during carbonization process. The effect of phenolic reactant type and composition on pore structure and carbon surface morphologies was studied. Nanoporous carbon derived from resorcinol formaldehyde (RF) and from resorcinol phenol formaldehyde (RPF) polymers was suitable for electrode material supercapacitor and CO2 capture medium. RF-derived and RPF-derived carbons provide electrode material supercapacitor with specific capacitance up to 246 F/g, whereas carbonized RPF exhibited CO2 uptake of 10.63 mmol/g (at 3.5 MPa 298 K). Nanoporous carbon derived from resorcinol para-tert-butyl phenol formaldehyde (RTBPF) polymer exhibited attractive characteristics as methane storage media with methane uptake capacity as high as 8.98 mmol/g (at 3.5 MPa 298 K).


porous carbon; phenolic formaldehyde polymer; supercapacitor; gas storage

Full Text:

Full Text PDF


[1]    Zhu, Y., Hu, H., Li, W., and Zhang, X., 2007, Carbon, 45, 1, 160–165.

[2]    Meisner, G.P., and Hu, Q., 2009, Nanotechnology, 20, 204023.

[3]    Viswanathan, B., Indra Neel, P., and Varadarajan, T.K., 2009, Methods of Activation and Specific Applications of Carbon Materials, National Centre for Catalysis Research, India.

[4]    Zhang, T., Walawender, W.P., and Fan, L.T., 2005, Sep. Purif. Technol., 44, 247–249.

[5]    Prasetyo, I., Rochmadi, Yunanto, R., Ariyanto, T., and Wiratni, 2010, Proceedings of 17th Regional Symposium on Chemical Engineering (RSCE), Thailand.

[6]    Liu, C.L., Dong, W., Cao, G., Song, J., Liu, L., and Yang, Y., 2008, J. Electrochem. Soc., 155, 1, F1–F7.

[7]    Maciá-Agulló, J.A., Moore B.C., Cazorla-Amoróz, D., and Linares-Solano, A., 2004, Carbon, 42, 7, 1367–1370.

[8]    Tangjuank, S., Insuk, N., Tontrakoon, J., and Udeye, V., 2009, World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, 52, 110–116.

[9]    Zhang, F., Hua, M., Chen, J., Li, G-D, Zhang, Y., and Chen, J-S., 2008, Bioresour. Technol., 99, 11, 4803–4808.

[10]Wei, S., Li, Z., and Yaping, Z., 2006, Chin. J. Chem. Eng., 14, 2, 266–269.

[11]Kobayashi, N., and Kijima, M., 2007, J. Mater. Chem., 17, 4289–4296.

[12]Ariyanto, T., Prasetyo, I., and Rochmadi, 2012, Reaktor, 14, 25–32.

[13]Hulicova, D., Yamashita, J., Soneda, Y., Hatori, H., and Kodama, M., 2004, Chem. Mater., 17, 5, 1241–1247.

[14]Lenghaus, K., Qiao, G.G., Solomon, D. H., Gomez, C., Rodriguez-Reinoso, F., and Sepulveda-Escribano, A., 2002, Carbon, 40, 5, 743–749.

[15]Cai, Q., Huang, Z-H., Kang F., and Yang J-B., 2004, Carbon, 42, 4, 775–783.

[16]Solar, C., Sardella, F., Deiana, C., Logo, R.M., Vallone, A., and Sapag, K., 2008, Mater. Res., 11, 4, 409–414.

[17]Kumar, A., and Gupta, R.K., 1998, Fundamentals of Polymers, McGraw-Hill Book Co., Singapore, 96–98.

[18]Himeno, S., Komatsu, T., and Fujita, S., 2005, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 50, 2, 369–376.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 792 | views : 856

Copyright (c) 2013 Indonesian Journal of Chemistry

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.


Indonesian Journal of Chemistry (ISSN 1411-9420 / 2460-1578) - Chemistry Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia.

Analytics View The Statistics of Indones. J. Chem.