Quality and Chemical Composition of Organic and Non-Organic Vetiver Oil

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.21266

Asep Kadarohman(1), Ratnaningsih Eko S.(2), Gebi Dwiyanti(3), Lela Lailatul K.(4*), Ede Kadarusman(5), Ahmad Nur F.(6)

(1) Department of Chemistry Education, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences Education, Indonesia University of Education, Bandung, Jl. Dr. Setiabudhi No. 229 Bandung 40154 West Java
(2) Department of Chemistry Education, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences Education, Indonesia University of Education, Bandung, Jl. Dr. Setiabudhi No. 229 Bandung 40154 West Java
(3) Department of Chemistry Education, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences Education, Indonesia University of Education, Bandung, Jl. Dr. Setiabudhi No. 229 Bandung 40154 West Java
(4) Department of Chemistry Education, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences Education, Indonesia University of Education, Bandung, Jl. Dr. Setiabudhi No. 229 Bandung 40154 West Java
(5) UKM of Vetiver Oil in Samarang Garut, Jl. Raya Kamojang Samarang Garut 44161 West Java
(6) UKM of Vetiver Oil in Samarang Garut, Jl. Raya Kamojang Samarang Garut 44161 West Java
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Vetiver oil (Vetiveria zizanoides) has been used as perfume materials, cosmetics, fragrance soaps, anti-inflammation, repellent, and insecticidal agents. Organic vetiver oil has higher economical value than non-organic vetiver oil and it has been regarded to be able to compete in the global market. Therefore, studies have been carried out using 1 hectare of land and the first generation of organic vetiver oil has produced 0.57% of yield, greater than non-organic (0.50%). The quality of organic and non-organic vetiver oil was analyzed by Indonesian Standard (SNI) parameter, pesticide residue test, chemical composition by GC/MS, and the appearance of vetiver root. In general, the result of organic and non-organic vetiver oil has fulfilled the national standard; the quality of organic vetiver oil was better than non-organic one. Physically, the appearance of organic vetiver root was better than non-organic vetiver root; organic vetiver root was denser, more appealing, and did not have any black spots. The pesticide residue of organic vetiver oil was lower than non-organic vetiver oil. Based on SNI test, vetiverol (oxygen compounds) in organic vetiver oil was higher than non-organic vetiver oil.

Keywords


Vetiveria zizanoides; organic vetiver oil; vetiverol

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.21266

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