Structure and Dynamics of Zr4+ in Aqueous Solution: An Ab Initio QM/MM Molecular Dynamics Study

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.21209

Suwardi Suwardi(1), Harno Dwi Pranowo(2), Ria Armunanto(3*)

(1) Department of Chemistry Education, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Yogyakarta State University, Jl. Colombo 1, Yogyakarta
(2) Austrian-Indonesian Centre for Computational Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta 55281
(3) Austrian-Indonesian Centre for Computational Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta 55281
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


A QM/MM molecular dynamics (MD) simulation has been carried out using three-body corrected pair potential to investigate the structural and dynamical properties of Zr4+ in dilute aqueous solution. Structural data in the form of radial distribution function, coordination number distribution, and angular distribution function were obtained. The results indicate eight water molecules coordinate to zirconium ion and have two angles of O-Zr4+-O, i.e. 72.0° and 140.0° with a Zr4+-O distance of 2.34 Å. According to these results, the hydration structure of Zr4+ ion in water was more or less well-defined square antiprismatic geometry. The dynamical properties have been characterized by the ligand’s mean residence time (MRT) and Zr4+-O stretching frequencies. The inclusion of the three-body correction was important for the description of the hydrated Zr4+ ion, and the results indicated in good agreement with experimental values.

Keywords


hydration; ions in solution; molecular dynamics; QM/MM; Zr4+

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.21209

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Indonesian Journal of Chemisty (ISSN 1411-9420 / 2460-1578) - Chemistry Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia.

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