Functionalization of Fe3O4/SiO2 with N-(2-Aminoethyl)-3-aminopropyl for Sorption of [AuCl4]-

Nuryono Nuryono(1*), Mighfar Syukur(2), Agus Kuncaka(3), Satya Candra Wibawa Sakti(4)

(1) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta 55281
(2) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta 55281
(3) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta 55281
(4) Laboratory of Environmental Analysis and Remediation, Graduate School of Environmental Science, Hokkaido University, Kita-ku, Kita 10, Nishi 5, 060-08107 Sapporo-shi
(*) Corresponding Author


Synthesis of Fe3O4/SiO2 modified with N-(2-aminoethyl)-3-aminopropyl group (Fe3O4/SiO2/ED) via coating method and its application for adsorption-desorption of anionic gold in aqueous solution have been conducted. The synthesized product was characterized with an X-ray diffractometer (XRD), a Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectrophotometer and a transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Adsorption of Au(III) was conducted in a batch system and the variables included pH, contact time, and initial concentration were investigated. Results showed that magnetite/silica has been successfully functionalized with N-(2-aminoethyl)-3-aminopropyl in a homogeneous system. Kinetics study showed that adsorption of Au(III) followed the pseudo-second order model with rate constant of 0.710 g mmol L-1min-1. Furthermore, the experimental data fitted well with the Langmuir isotherm model with the maximum adsorption capacity for Au(III) of 142.9 mg g-1 and the energy of 25.0 kJ mol-1. Gold loaded on the Fe3O4/SiO2/ED could be easily desorbed with 0.2 mol L-1 HCl containing 2 wt.% of thiourea with recovery of 99.8%. Fe3O4/SiO2/ED was reusable and stable in 5 cycles of adsorption-desorption with recovery more than 90%. Fe3O4/SiO2/ED showed high selectivity towards Au(III) in the multimetal system Au(III)/Cu(II)/Cr(VI) with the coefficient selectivity for αAu-Cu of 227.5and for αAu-Cr of 12.3.


adsorption; gold; magnetite; silica

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