PROTEKSI MINYAK IKAN LEMURU, MINYAK KELAPA SAWIT, DAN BUNGKIL SAWIT TERHADAP pH DAN NH3DALAM RUMEN SAPI PERANAKAN ONGOLE

https://doi.org/10.21059/buletinpeternak.v40i1.9819

Catur Suci Purwati(1*)

(1) 
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The aimed of this research is to know the influence of protection lemuru oil, palm oil, and palm oil cake to pH and NH3in the rumen of the Ongole. The material were used in this study werecomulated rumenfemale cows with average body weight of 289.33 ± 28.34 kg as many as 3 heads. Latin square experiment design was applied on 3 treatments. Fermented rice straw (FRS), basal concentrate (BC), and protected materials of Indian sardine oil (ISO), palm oil (PO), and palmkernel cake (PKC) were used as a feed ingredient.  Treatments were: P1 = FRS 40% + BC 60% (BC 95% + PO 5%); P2 = FRS 40% + BC 60% (BC 95% + ISO 5%) ; P3 = FRS 40% + BC 60% (BC 90% + PKC 10%). Parameters measured were pH and NH3. Latin square experiment design was applied on 3 treatments.Conclusions of this study are pH and NH3remain stable, meaning lemuru addition of fish oil, palm oil, and palm oil cake is protected not disturb the digestive process in the cow rumen fistulated onggole breedparticular.

(Key word: Indian sardine oil, NH3, Palm kernel cake, Palm oil, pH, Protection)


Full Text:

PDF


References

Agus, A. 2008. Paduan Bahan Pakan Ternak Ruminansia. Bagian Nutrisi dan Makanan Ternak, Fakultas Peternakan. UGM. Ardana Media: Yogyakarta.

Das, L.K., S. S. Kundu, D. Kumar and C. Datt. 2014. Metabolizable protein systems in ruminant nutrition: A review. Available at www.veterinaryworld.org/Vol.7/August-2014/14.pdf.

Erwanto. 1995. Optimalisasi sistem fermentasi rumen melalui suplementasi sulfur, defaunasi, reduksi emisi metan dan stimulasi pertumbuhan mikrobia pada ternak ruminansia. TesisProgramPasca Sarjana,Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor.

Kamal, M. 1994. Nutrisi Ternak.Gadjah MadaPress,Yogyakarta.

Mathius, I. W., D. Sitompul, B.P. Manurung, dan Azmi. 2004. Produk samping tanaman dan pengolahan kelapa sawit sebagai bahan pakan ternak sapipotong: Suatu tinjauan. Prosiding Lokakarya Nasional Sistem Integrasi Kelapa Sawit-Sapi. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian, Pemerintah Provinsi Bengkulu dan PT Agricinal.Pp. 120-128.

Purbowati, E., E. Rianto, W. S. Dilaga, C. M. S. Lestari, danR. Adiwinarti. 2014. Karakteristik cairan rumen, jenis, dan jumlah mikrobia dalam rumen sapi jawa dan Peranakan Ongole. Buletin Peternakan 38: 21-26.

Silalahi, J. dan S.Nurbaya 2011. Komposisi, Distribusi dan Sifat Aterogenik Asam Lemak dalam Minyak Kelapa dan Kelapa Sawit. J Indon Med. Assoc. 61: 453-457.

Sumantri, I. dan L. Hartati. 2005. Kajian Proteksi Minyak Kelapa Sawit sebagai Pakan untuk Meningkatkan Produktivitas dan Kandungan Asam Lemak Tidak Jenuh Susu Sapi Perah di Daerah Tropis. Universitas Lambung Mangkurat, Kalimantan.

Widiyanto, M. Soejono, H. Hartadi dan Z. Bachrudin. 2008. Pengaruh suplementasi minyak biji kapok terproteksi terhadap status lipida ruminal secara in vitro. Journal Animal Production11:122-128.

Widyobroto, B. P., S. P. S. Budhi,dan A. Agus. 2007. Pengaruh aras undegraded protein dan energi terhadap kinetik fermentasi rumen dan sintesis protein mikrobia pada sapi perah. Jurnal Pengembangan Peternakan Tropis 32: 194-200.

Widyobroto. 1999. Degradation of nitrogen fraction in the rumen and rate of passage of fibrous feeds from agricultural residues in Indonesia. In: Protein Metabolism and Nutrition, Book of Abstract of the VIIIthInternational Symposium on Protein and Metabolism.G.E. Lobley, A. White and J.C. MacRae (Eds.).EAAP Publication, Wageningen.

Yusiati, L.M., Z. Bachruddin, C. Hanimand H.Musyaiddah. 2008. Addition of sardine oil asreducing methanogenesis agent on in vitrorumen fermentation of king grass.Proceedings the 13thof Animal ScienceCongress of The Asian-AustralasianAssociation of Animal Production Societies.Hanoi, Vietnam.

Zamsari, M., Sunarso,dan Sutrisno. 2012. Pemanfaatan tanin alami dalam memproteksi protein bungkil kelapa ditinjau dari permeabitiltas secara in vitro. Anim. Agric. J. 1: 405-416.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.21059/buletinpeternak.v40i1.9819

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 2087 | views : 3866

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




License URL: http://journal.ugm.ac.id/buletinpeternakan/pages/view/Publication%20Ethics%20and%20Malpractice%20Statement

Buletin Peternakan (Bulletin of Animal Science) Indexed by:

   
 
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.