Supplementation of Biopeptide from Chicken Feet to the Immune System and Growth of Broiler Chicken

https://doi.org/10.21059/buletinpeternak.v47i2.82452

Aulia Rizaldi Hafiz Hakim(1), Bambang Hartoyo(2*), Sri Rahayu(3), Elly Tugiyanti(4), Munasik Munasik(5)

(1) Postgraduate of Magister of Animal Science, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Purwokerto, 53123
(2) Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Purwokerto, 53123
(3) Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Purwokerto, 53123
(4) Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Purwokerto, 53123
(5) Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Purwokerto, 53123
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The safety of poultry products, especially broiler chickens, can be stated to be relatively low. Antibiotic growth promoter (AGP) is used to improve chicken performance and maintain immunity. The ban on the use of AGP triggers the innovation of other materials to replace the function of AGP. Biopeptide is a solution that can be used. Biopeptides can be made from materials with a high protein content, for example, waste from chicken slaughterhouses. The waste that can be used is chicken feet, biopeptides produced from hydrolytic proteins have antioxidant and antimicrobial properties. These properties can improve the performance and immune system of broiler chickens. The aim of the study was to examine the supplementation of biopeptides from chicken feet on the immune system (total Escherichia coli and internal organ) and the growth of broiler chickens. The research material was 200 day old chickens of broiler strain cobb unsex, which were reared for 42 days of the rearing period. The treatment feeds were P0: basal feed, P1 basal feed + 2% biopeptide, P2: basal feed + 4% biopeptide, P3: basal feed + 6% biopeptide. The collected data were analyzed using analysis of variance with the Tukey test (BNJ). The results showed that biopeptide supplementation from chicken feet had a significant (P<0.05) effect on total Escherichia coli, spleen weight, bursa of Fabricius weight, body weight gain, and feed efficiency for broiler chickens. However, the results of the study had no significant effect (P>0.05) on liver weight and Avian Influenza antibody titers for broiler chickens. Biopeptide supplementation from chicken feet can reduce total Escherichia coli, and spleen weight, and increase the bursa of Fabricius weight, body weight gain, and feed efficiency for broiler chickens. Biopeptide supplementation from chicken feet of 6% gave the best results in body weight gain and feed efficiency.


Keywords


Biopeptide; broiler; feed; growth; immunity

Full Text:

PDF


References

Abdelaziz, K. T., D. C. Hodgins., A. Lammers., T. N. Alkie and S. Sharif. 2018. Effect of early feeding and dietary intervention on development of ly,mphoid organs and immune competence in neonatal chickens. J. Vet. Immunol. Immunopath. 201: 1 – 11.

Abdollahi, M.R., F. Zaefarian, Y. Gu, W. Xiao, J. Jia, and V. Ravindran. 2017. Influence of soybean bioactive peptides on growth performance, nutrient utilisation, digestive tract development and intestinal histology in broilers. J. Appl. Anim. Nutr. 5: 1–7

Adila, T., A. Rohmah, N. Shoimah, and W. Hermana. 2022. Ekstrak Asam Kandis (Garcinia xanthochymus) dalam Bentuk Spray sebagai Alternatif Growth Promotor pada Ayam Broiler. J. Ilmu Ternak Universitas Padjadjaran. 22(1): 38-42.

Arum, R.H., B. Satiawihardja, and H. D. Kusumaningrum. 2014. Aktivitas Antibakteri Getah Pepaya Kering Terhadap Staphylococcus aureus Pada Dangke. J. Teknologi dan Industri Pangan. 25(1): 65–71.

Badan Pusat Statistik. 2021. Produksi Daging Ayam Ras Pedaging Menurut Provinsi (Ton) 2019-2021.

Bhat, Z.F., S. Kumar, and H.F. Bhat. 2015. Bioactive Peptides Of Animal Origin: A Review. J. Food Sci. Technol. 52(9): 5377- 5392.

Bramardipa, A.A.B., A.A.M. Adi, and I.G.A.A. Putra. 2019. Ekstrak Kulit Buah Manggis (Garcinia mangosana Linn) Mampu Meminimalkan Efek Imunosuprsif Monosodium Glutamate. J. Veteriner. 17(2): 211-218

Barrow,G.I., and R.K.A. Feltham. 1993. Cowan and The Steel Manual for the Identification of Medical Bacteria. Cambridge University Press : New York.

Darwati, S., C. Sumantri, and A.T. Pratiwanggana. 2015. Performa Produksi F1 antara Ras Pedaging X Kampung dan Kampung X Ras Pedaging Pada Umur 0-12 Minggu. J. Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Hasil Peternakan. 3(2): 72-78.

Direktorat Jenderal Peternakan (Dirjen). 2005. Manual standar kesehatan hewan. Edisi Pedoman Surveilans dan monitoring avian influenza di Indonesia. Departemen pertanian RI. Jakarta

Fosgerau, K. and T. Hoffmann. 2015. Peptide therapeutics: current status and future directions. Journal Drug Discovery Today. 20(1): 122-128.

Has, H., A. Napirah, W. Kurniawan, L.O. Nafiu, and T. Saili. 2020. Utilitas asam organik sari belimbing wuluh dan asam sitrat sintetis sebagai acidifier terhadap performa produksi puyuh (coturnix coturnix japonica) fase grower. J. Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Tropis. 7(2): 133-137.

Hidayat, K., S. Wibowo, L.A. Sari, and A. Darmawan. 2018. Acidifier alami air perasaan jeruk nipis (Citrus aurantiun) sebagai pengganti antibiotik growth promotor ayam broiler. J. Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan. 16(2): 27-33.

Hong, H., S. Chaplot, M. Chalamaiah, B.C. Roy, H.L. Bruce, and J. Wu .2017. Removing Cross- Linked Telopeptides Enhances The Production of Low-Molecularweight Collagen Peptides from Spent Hens. J. Agric Food Chem. 65(34): 7491–7499.

Kamran, Z., Sarwar, M. Nisa, M. Nadeem, M.A. Mahmood, S. Babar, M.E. and S. Ahmed. 2008. Effect of Low-Protein diets having constant energy-to-protein ration on performance and carcass characteristic of broilers during natural summer temperatures. J. Anim. Vet. Adv. 7: 930-937.

Karimzadeh, S., M. Rezaei, and A.T. Yansari. 2016. Effects of Canola Bioactive Peptides on Performance, Digestive Enzyme Activities, Nutrient Digestibility, Intestinal Morphology and Gut Microflora in Broiler Chickens. Poult. Sci. J. 4 (1): 27-36

Ketnawa, S., Rungraeng, N. and Rawdkuen, S. 2017. Phase Partitioning for Enzyme Separation: An Overview and Recent Applications. Int. Food Res. J. 24(1): 1-24.

Krismaputri, M.E., N. Suthama, and Y.B. Pramono. 2016. Pemberiaan Soybean Oligosaccharides dari Ekstrak Bungkil dan Kulit Kedelai Terhadap pH Usus, Populasi E.coli, dan PBBH Pada Broiler. J. Mediagro 20. 12(2): 20–25

Lailogo, O., D. Kanahau, and J. Nulik. 2015. Produk Ternak dan Inovasi Teknologi Peternakan Menunjang Keamanan Pangan Hewani di Nusa Tenggara Timur. Lokakarya Nasional Keamanan Pangan Produk Peternakan :189–196.

Landy, N., F. Kheiri, and M. Faghani. 2020. Evaluation of cottonseed bioactive peptides on growth performance, carcase traits, immunity, total antioxidant activity of serum and intestinal morphology in broiler chickens. Ital. J. Anim. Sci. 19 (1): 1375-1386.

Merryana, F. O., M. Nahrowi, A. Ridla, R. Setiyono, and Ridwan. 2007. Performa Broiler Yang Diberi Pakan Silase Yang Ditantang Salmonella Typhimurium. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Aini Vi. Yogyakarta, 26-27 Juli 2007. :186-194.

Mistiani, S., K. A. Kamil, and D. Rusmana. 2020. Pengaruh Tingkat Pemberian Ekstrak Daun Burahol (Stelechocarpus Burahol) Dalam Ransum Terhadap Bobot Organ Dalam Ayam Broiler. J. Nutrisi Ternak Tropis dan Ilmu Pakan. 2(1): 42 – 50.

Nadzir, A., A. Tusi, and Haryanto. 2015. Evaluasi desain kandang ayam broiler di desa Rejobinangun, Kecamatan Raman Utara, Kabupaten Lampung Timur. J.Teknik Pertanian Lampung. 4(4): 255-266.

Nurkholis, D.R., S. Tantalo, and P. E. Santosa. 2014. Pengaruh Pemberian Kunyit Dan Temulawak Melalui Air Minum Terhadap Titer Antibody Ai, Ibd, Dan Nd Pada Broiler. J. Ilmiah Peternakan Terpadu. 2(2): 37 – 43.

Osho, S.O. W. W. Xiao, and O. Adeola. 2019. Response of broiler chickens to dietary soybean bioactive peptide and coccidia challenge. Poultry Science Association Inc: 5669- 5678.

Qurniawan, A. 2016. Kualitas daging dan performa ayam broiler di kandang terbuka pada ketinggian tempat pemeliharaan yang berbeda di Kabupaten Takalar Sulawesi Selatan.Tesis. Program Pascasarjana, Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor.

Reygaert, W.C. 2017. Antimicrobial Mechanisms of Escherichia coli. Recent Advances On Physiology, Pathogenesis and Biotechnological Application. Chapter 5: 81–97.

Santosa, H., N. Abyor, N. L. Guyama, and S. F. D. Handono. 2018. Hidrolisa Kolagen dalam Ceker Ayam Hasil Perendaman dengan Asam Asetat pada Proses Pembuatan Gelatin. J. Gema Teknologi 20(1):32–36.

Silalahi, M., and SS. Sauland. 2013. Pengaruh Penambahan Sari Buah Belimbing Wuluh (Averrhoa Bilimbi) ke dalam Ransum Marmot Lepas Sapih Terhadap Kecernaan Energi Dan Protein. Seminar Nasional Teknologi Peternakan dan Veteriner. 3 – 4

Standar Nasional Indonesia (SNI). 2015. SNI Ransum Broiler Stater 8173.2-2015. Badan Standar Nasional Indonesia.

Steel, R.G.D and J.H. Torrie. 1995. Prinsip dan Prosedur Statistika. Gramedia Pustaka. Jakarta. (Diterjemahkan oleh Bambang Sumantri).

Syukron, M.U., I.N. Suartha, and N.S. Dharmawan. 2013. Serodeteksi Penyakit Tetelo pada Ayam di Timor Leste. J. Indonesia Medicus Veterinus 2(3):360–368.

Widowati, M., C. Hardiyanti, R. Nisak, M.M.P. Sirat, dan R. Ermawati. 2022. Suplementasi Tepung Daun sambiloto (Andrographis paniculate) Melalui Air Minum Ayam Broiler Terhadap Titer Antibodi Newcastle Disease, Avian Influenza, dan Infectious Bursal Disease. Jurnal Ilmiah Peternakan Terpadu. 10 (1) : 114 – 123.

Wiranto, L., S. Sumarsih, and B. Sulistiyanto. 2020. Bobot Relatif Organ Imun Ayam Broiler Dengan Metode Pemberian Probiotik Yang Berbeda. In: Prosiding Seminar Teknologi dan Agribisnis Peternakan VII–Webinar: Prospek Peternakan di Era Normal Baru Pasca Pandemi COVID-19, Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Jenderal Soedirman.

Yulianti, S., I. Y. N. Suthama, and H.I. Wahyuni. 2019. Kecernaan Protein Dan Massa Protein Daging Pada Ayam Broiler Yang Diberi Kombinasi Ekstrak Bawang Dayak Dan Lactobacillus Acidophilus. In: Seminar Nasional Pengelolaan Sumber daya alam berkisambungan di kawasan gunung berapi.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.21059/buletinpeternak.v47i2.82452

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 757 | views : 470

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Buletin Peternakan (Bulletin of Animal Science) Indexed by:

   
 
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.