Performances of Broiler Chickens Fed the Commercial Diets Partially Substituted with Feeds Containing Fermented and Non Fermented Leubim Fish Meal (Canthidermis maculata)

zulfan zulfan(1), Muhammad Aman Yaman(2), Allaily Allaily(3*), Enten Juni Marlina(4)

(1) Animal Husbandry Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Syiah Kuala University, Banda Aceh, 55281, Indonesia
(2) Animal Husbandry Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Syiah Kuala University, Banda Aceh, 55281, Indonesia
(3) Animal Husbandry Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Syiah Kuala University, Banda Aceh, 55281, Indonesia
(4) Animal Husbandry Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Syiah Kuala University, Banda Aceh, 55281, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author


The purpose of present study was to evaluate the performance of broilers fed the commercial diet partially substituted with leubim fish (Canthidermis maculata) waste meal (LFWM) treated by fermentation and without fermentation. As many as 100 broiler chicks, MB 202 strain, unsex, were reared up to 5 weeks in this study. The research was set up into randomized block design (RBD) consisting of 5 treatments and 4 blocks with 5 birds each. Blocks were as replicate based on the body weights of the birds at the beginning of feeding experimental diets. The experimental diets were commercial diets partially replaced with LFWM administered by either fermentation or not with the level of 6 and 12% each, 6.5% and 13% yellow corn, and 0.5% topmix. The data was analyzed using an Analysis of Variance (AOV) and continued by Duncan’s Multiple Range Test (DMRT) only if significant effects were detected among the treatments. The result of recent study indicated that the inclusion of feeds containing LFWM treated by either or not fermented combined with yellow corn and topmix as partially substitution of commercial diets significantly increased (P<0.05) FBW, BWG, feed intake, and protein intake compared to those fed full commercial diet. However, FCR and PER were not significantly affected. DMRT indicated there were no significant diferences in broiler performances fed the feeds containing LFWM treated by fermentation vs without fermentation.


Broiler; Fermentation; Leubim fish (Canthidermis maculata); Performance

Full Text:



Amrullah, I. K. 2006. Nutrisi Ayam Broiler.  Lembaga Satu Gunung Budi, Bogor.

Anggorodi, R. 1989. Kemajuan Mutakhir dalam Ilmu Makanan Ternak Unggas. Penerbit Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta.

Austin, P. R., C. J. Brine, and J. E. Castle. 1981.  Chitin: New facets of research. Science  212: 749–753.

Beski, S. S. M., R. Swick, and P. Iji. 2015.  Specialised protein products in broiler chicken nutrition: A. Review. Animal Nutrition XXX:  1–7.

Borgstrom, G. 2012. Fish as Food V2: Nutrion, Sanitation, and Utilization. Vol. II. Elsevier Inc., Amsterdam.   

Cho, J. H. and I. H. Kim. 2011. Fish meal – nutritive value. Review Article. Journal Physiology and Animal Nutrition 95: 685‒692.      

Coulombe, P. A. and M. B. Omary. 2002. Hard and soft principles defining the structure, function and regulation of keratin intermediate filaments. Departments of Biological Chemistry and Dermatology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 725 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, USA. Current Opinion in Cell Biology 14: 110‒112.

Hartadi, H., S. Reksohadiprodjo, and A. D. Tillman. 2005. Komposisi Bahan Pakan untuk Indonesia. Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta.

Jassim, J. M. 2010. Effect of using local fish meal (Liza abu) as protein concentration in broiler diets. Int. Journal Poult. Sci. 9:  1097‒1099.  

Jackson, S. and S. Leeson. 1982. Effect of dietary protein and energy on broiler performance and production costs. Poult. Sci. 61: 2232−2240.

Jull, M. A. 1982. Poultry Husbandry. 3rd ed. Tata McGraw-Hill Publish Co. Ltd., New Delhi.

Kamran, Z., M. Sarwar, M. Nisaa, M.A. Nadeem, S. Mahmood, M. E. Babar, and S. Ahmed. 2008a. Effect of low-protein diets having constant energy-to-protein ratio on performance and carcass characteristics of broiler chickens from one to thirty-five days of age. Poult. Sci. 87: 468–478.

Kamran, Z., M. Sarwar, M.U. Nisaa, and M. A. Nadeem. 2008b. Effect of low levels of dietary protein on growth, protein utilisation and body composition of broiler chicks from one to twenty-six-days of age. Avian Biology Research 1: 19−25.

Karimi, A. 2006. The effects of varying fish meal inclusion levels (%) on performance of broiler chicks. Int. J. Poult. Sci. 5: 255‒258.  

Kumari, S. and P. K. Rath. 2014. Extraction and characterization of chitin and chitosan from (Labeo rohit) fish scales. Procedia Materials Science 6: 482–489.

Lamb, M.W. and M.L. Harden. 1973. The Meaning of Human Nutrition. Elsevier Inc., Amsterdam.

Nesheim, M. C., R. E. Austich, and L. E. Card. 1990. Poultry Production. Lea and Febiger, Philadelphia.

North, M. D. and D. D. Bell. 1990. Commercial Chicken Production Manual. 4th ed. The Avi Publishing Company Inc., Wesport, Connecticut.

Ott, R. L. 1991. An Introduction to Statistical Methods and Data Analysis. 4th ed.   Duxbury Press, Belmont, California.

NRC. 1994. Nutrient Requirements of Poultry. 9th ed. National Research Council (NRC). National Academy Press, Washington DC.

Pelczar, M. J. and E. C. S. Chan. 2007. Dasar-Dasar Mikrobiologi. Jilid ke-1. Penerjemah Hadioetomo, R.S., T. Imas, S.S. Tjitrosomo, dan S.L. Angka. UI Press., Jakarta.

Raza, S., T. N. Pasha, A. S. Hashmi, M. W. Shoaib, and H. Mubeen. 2015. Effect different levels and sources of fish meal on the performance of broiler chicks. Int. Journal of Scientific & Engineering 6: 1708‒1713.

Rumengan, I. F. M., P. Suptijah, S. Wullur, and A. Talumepa. 2017. Characterization of chitin extracted from fish scales of marine fish species purchased from local markets in North Sulawesi, Indonesia. IOP Conf. Series. Earth and Environmental Science 89: 1‒4.

Sayadi, A. J., B. Navidshad, A. Abolghasemi, M. Royan, and R. Seighalani. 2005. Effects of dietary mineral premix reduction or withdrawal on broilers performance. Int. J. Poult. Sci. 4: 896-899.

Solangi, A. A., A. Memon, T. A. Qureshi, H. H. Leghari, G. M. Baloch, and M. P. Wagan. 2002. Replacement of fish meal by soybean meal in broiler ration. J. Anim. Vet. Adv. 1: 28‒30.

Supriyati, T. Purwadaria, and I. P. Kompiang. 2000. Produksi mikroba terseleksi pemecah keratin pada bulu ayam skala laboratorium. Seminar Nasional Peternakan dan Veteriner: 349‒355.

Wang, B., W. Yang, J. McKittrick, and M. A. Meyers. 2015. Keratin: Structure, mechanical properties, occurrence in biological organisms, and efforts at bioinspiration. Progress in Materials Science 76: 229–318.

Winarno, F. G. 2000. Kimia Pangan dan Gizi. PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama, Jakarta.

Winarno, F. G., S. Fardiaz, and D. Fardiaz. 1990. Pengantar Teknologi Pangan. Gramedia, Jakarta.

Yasar, S., M. S. Gök, and Y. Gürbüz. 2016. Performance of broilers fed raw or fermented and redried wheat, barley, and oat grains. Turk. J. Vet. Anim. Sci. 40: 313–322.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 214 | views : 135


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Buletin Peternakan (Bulletin of Animal Science) Indexed by:

 Harvard Library
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.