Effect of Different Ratio Omega-3 and Omega-6 in Total Mix Ration on Productive Performance, Blood Metabolites and Estrous Characteristic of Ewes

https://doi.org/10.21059/buletinpeternak.v42i4.29254

Yusti Pujiawati(1), Lilis Khotijah(2*), Asep Sudarman(3), Indah Wijayanti(4)

(1) Department of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science Technology, Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor, 16680, Indonesia
(2) Department of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science Technology, Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor, 16680, Indonesia
(3) Department of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science Technology, Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor, 16680, Indonesia
(4) Department of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science Technology, Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor, 16680, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


This study was conducted to compare the effect of different ratio of omega-3:omega-6 in total mix ration to blood metabolites and reproductive performance of ewes. A total of 25 young ewes were randomly assigned to five experimental groups and five replications : R0 (without omega-3:omega-6), R1 (omega-3:omega-6 1:8), R2 (omega-3:omega-6 1:6), R3 (omega-3:omega-6 1:3), R4 (omega-3:omega-6 1:2). The parameters measured were feed intake, productive performance, blood glucose and cholesterol pre-mating period. Parameters of characteristic estrous measured were onset of estrous, length of estrous and estrous response. The result showed that ratio of omega-3 and omega-6 1:2 have a greatest daily weight gain and feed efficiency. Ratio of omega-3 and omega-6 1:2 have blood glucose lowest, but highest blood cholesterol. Addition of omega-3 cause to delays onset of estrous. The conclusion is greatest length of estrous, estrous response and pregnacy rate on ratio of omega-3 and omega-6 1:2 in ration.


Keywords


Local ewes; Omega-3; Omega-6; Production performance; Total mix ration

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.21059/buletinpeternak.v42i4.29254

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