THE PERFORMANCE OF MILK PRODUCTION, TOTAL MILK REVENUE AND REPRODUCTION INDICATORS ON DAIRY SMALLHOLDERS IN YOGYAKARTA AND EAST JAVA, INDONESIA

https://doi.org/10.21059/buletinpeternak.v41i2.23152

Sudi Nurtini(1*), rochijan rochijan(2), Budi Guntoro(3), Budi Prasetyo Widyobroto(4), Indratiningsih Indratiningsih(5), Nafiatul Umami(6)

(1) Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(4) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(5) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(6) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The purpose of this study was to analyze the performance of milk production, total milk revenue and reproduction indicators of Friesian Holstein Crossbred cows maintained under smallholder’s management system of 122 cows in DIY Province and 345 cows in East Java Province, Indonesia. The study was conducted with survey method and direct observation. A total of 180 Friesian Holstein Crossbred farmers (90 farmers were in DIY and another 90 farmers were from East Java Province) was randomly selected and interviewed used structured questionnaire to assess the milk production, total milk revenue and indicators of reproduction of Friesian Holstein Crossbred cows. The result of the study showed that the average mature equivalent of milk production was 3,810.21±920.10 L/lactation in DIY and 3,717.79±818.44 L/lactation in East Java Province, and the total milk revenue was 12,401,917.87±2.48 IDR per lactation in DIY and 14,647,217.80±3.05 IDR per lactation in East Java Province; day to first mating (postpartum mating), services per conception and days open were 62.34±29.24 days, 2.60±1.32 and 88.58±34.43 days in DIY and 60.62±23.07 days, 2.46±1.26 and 88.67±28.86 days in East Java Province. Based on total milk revenue, the conclusion of this study was Friesian Holstein Crossbred cows maintained under smallholder’s management system in East Java Province better than those in Yogyakarta province (DIY). The mature equivalent of milk production and reproduction indicators of dairy cows (postpartum mating, service per conception and days open) from both provinces showed no significant differences and the value of each parameter reproduction indicators is still within the normal range.


Keywords


Dairy smallholder; Milk production; Reproduction performance; Total milk revenue

Full Text:

PDF


References

Ahmad, I. dan Hermiyetti. 2008. Analisis produksi dan konsumsi susu di Indonesia. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Prospek Industri Sapi Perah Menuju Perdagangan Bebas 2020. Jakarta. 21 April 2008. Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Peternakan Bogor bekerjasama dengan Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Ekonomi Keuangan dan Perbankan Indonesia.

Animal Husbandry Department. 2011. Fresh Milk Production in East Java. Animal Husbandry Department East Java, Indonesia, Surabaya.

Antiyatmi. 2009. Reproductive performance of Friesian Holstein dairy cows of three age group at Pasir Salam animal husbandry Sukabumi West Java. Undergraduate Thesis S.Pt. Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta.

Bhende, M. J. and J. V. Venkataram. 1994. Impact of diversification on household income and risk: a whole-farm modelling approach. CAB Abstracts 1993-1994.

Dirjen Peternakan dan Kesehatan Hewan. 2015. Livestock and animal health statistcs 2015. Ministry of Agriculture, Republic of  Indonesia, Jakarta.

Ibrahim, Y. 2009. Business Feasibility Study. Revised Edition. Rineka Cipta, Jakarta.  

Kocturk, O. M. 2009. A case study of increasing income of dairy cattle in rural areas in western part of turkey. J. Anim. Vet. Adv. 8: 1685-1699.

López-Gatius, F., P. Santolaria, I. Mundet and J. L. Yániz. 2005. Walking activity at estrus and subsequent fertility in dairy cows. Theriogenology. 63: 1419-1429.

Mumba, C., K. L. Samui, G. S. Pandey, B. M. Hang’ombe, M. Simuunza, G. Tembo and S. W. Muliokela. 2011. Economic analysis of the viability of Smallholder dairy farming in Zambia. Livestock Res. Rural Dev. 23.

Nurtini, S. 2006. Insentif ekonomi dan daya saing usahatani sapi perah penghasil bahan baku industri pengolahan susu (IPS) di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Doctoral Thesis Sekolah Pascasarjana, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta.

Peters, A. K. and P. J. H. Ball. 1995. Reproduction in cattle, butterworth and co borough green. Sevenoaks Kent TN 158, England.

Piraux, M., A. Buldgen, F. Drugmant, M. Fall and R. Compare. 1996. Adoption of framing strategies to climatic risk and demographic pressure in the senegalese sahelo Sudanian Region. CAB Abstracts 1996-1997.

Pramono, A. 2008. Calving interval sapi perah di daerah istimewa Yogyakarta ditinjau dari kinerja reproduksi dan imbangan ransum yang diberikan. Thesis M.Sc. Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta.

Priyanti, A., S. Nurtini, dan A. Firman. 2009. Analisis ekonomi dan aspek sosial usaha sapi perah. Profil Usaha Peternakan di Indonesia. Pusat Penelitian Pengembangan Peternakan. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian. Jakarta: LIPI Press.

Ravindra, R. and V. Veerabhadraiah. 1991. A Critical analysis of the impact of antyodaya programme on rural beneficiaries in Karnataka. CAB Abstracts 1991-1994.

Rochijan, B. P. Widyobroto and Ismaya. 2016. The impact of high rumen undegraded protein (HRUP) supplementation to blood urea nitrogen and reproduction performance in early lactation dairy cows. Int. J. Dairy Science. 11: 28-34.

Salisbury, G. W. and A. L. Vandemark. 1993. Physiology Reproduction and Artificial Insemination in Cattle (Fisiologi Reproduksi dan Inseminasi Buatan pada Sapi). Translated by R. Djanuar. Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta.

Setiani, C. dan T. Prasetyo. 2008. Penguatan kelembagaan pemasaran susu untuk mendukung pengembangan industri sapi perah di Jawa Tengah. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Prospek Industri Sapi Perah Menuju Perdagangan Bebas 2020. Jakarta. 21 April 2008. Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Peternakan bekerjasama dengan Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Ekonomi Keuangan dan Perbankan Indonesia.

Utami, H. D. and A. P. Seruni. 2013. Determinants of household labour allocation to small scale dairy farming activities (Case study at Pasuruan Regency, East Java, Indonesia). Livestock Res. Rural Dev. 25.

Wimaladharma, K. P. 1985. The impact of sociology on livestock production management. The proceedings in regional workshop on livestock production management. Manila: Asian Development Bank.

Yániz, J. L., P. Santolaria, A. Giribet and F. López-Gatius. 2006. Factors affecting walking activity at estrus during postpartum period and subsequent fertility in dairy cows. Theriogenology. 66: 1943-1950.

Yifat, D., B. Kelay, M. Bekana, F. Lobago, H. Gustafsson and H. Kindahl. 2009. Study on reproductive performance of crossbred dairy cattle under smallholder conditions in and around Zeway, Ethiopia. Livestock Res. Rural Dev. 21. 



DOI: https://doi.org/10.21059/buletinpeternak.v41i2.23152

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1113 | views : 846

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Buletin Peternakan (Bulletin of Animal Science) Indexed by:

 Harvard Library
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.