Evaluasi Penggunaan Silica+® sebagai Feed Additive terhadap Metabolisme Mineral, Status Kesehatan dan Kualitas Ekskreta Broiler


Gusma Gama Maradon(1), Sumiati Sumiati(2*), Rita Mutia(3), Wiwin Winarsih(4)

(1) Bogor Agriculture Institute
(2) Bogor Agriculture Institute
(3) Bogor Agriculture Institute
(4) Bogor Agriculture Institute
(*) Corresponding Author


This study aimed to evaluate dietary inclusion of silica+® on mineral metabolism, health status and excreta quality of broilers. This study used a completely randomized design (CRD) with 6 treatments and 6 replications (40 birds of each). The treatments were high nutrient diet (T1), T1 + silica+® 200 ppm (T2), low nutrient diet (T3), T3 + silica+® 200 ppm (T4), feed contain local feedstuff (rice bran) (T5), T5 + silica+® 200 ppm (T6). Parameters measured were minerals consumption, minerals retention, mineral content of the tibia, blood profile (erythrocytes, hemoglobin, hematocrit, leukocytes, differentiation of leukocytes and ratio H/L) and excreta quality (pH, water content and ammonia). The results showed that using silika+® 200 ppm increased (P <0.05) mineral consumption and excretion in low nutrient diet (T4), lowered (P <0.05) retention of Ca and Zn in high nutrient diet (T2), lowered (P<0.05) retention of Zn in low nutrient diet (T2), increased (P<0.05) Ca content in tibia bone in high nutrient diet (T2), increased Ca and Zn content in the tibia (P <0.05) in feed contain ricebran (T6), decreased the amount of fecal NH3 (P <0.05) in feed contain ricebran (T6), lowered E. coli in high nutriet diet (T2) and feed contain ricebran (T6). The conclusion of this study that silica+® could be used as feed additive to increase Ca and Zn deposition in tibia bone, lowering fecal NH3, lowering E. coli in ileum withouth any effect to the health status of broilers.


broiler; health status; mineral metabolism; silica

Full Text:



AOAC. 2005. Official Methods of Analysis of AOAC International. 18th Ed. AOAC International, Arlington. Choi, I. H. and P. H. Moore Jr. 2008. Effect of liquid aluminium chloride additions to Poult.ry litter on broiler performance, ammonia emissions, soluble phosphorus, total volatile fatty acid, and nitrogen contents of litter. Poult. Sci. 87 : 1955-1963. Decaux, C. 2017. Meet the future electromagnetic frequency technology. International Aquafeed. https://issuu.com/international_aquafeed/docs/iaf1702_w1. Accessed 28 Februari 2017. Farrell, D.J. 1978. Rapid determination of metabolizable energy of food using cockerels. British Poult. Sci. 19: 303-308. Ghareeb, K., W. A. Awadx and J. Bohm. 2012. Ameliorative effect of microbial feed additive on infectious brochitis virus antibody titer and stress index in broiler chicks fed deoxynivalenol. Poult. Sci. 91 (4): 800-807. Hafeez, A., A. Mader, F. G. Boroojeni, I. Ruhnke, I. Rohe, K. Manner and J. Zentek. 2014. Impact of thermal and organic acid treatment of feed on apparent ileal mineral absorption, tibial and liver mineral concentration, and tibia quality in broilers. Poult. Sci. 93 (7): 1754-1763. Hall, J. E. and A. C. Guyton. 2010. Textbook of Medical Physiology. Elsevier Health Sciences. Saunders, Mississippi (US). Harper, L. A., T. K. Flesch and J. D. Wilson. 2010. Ammonia emissions from broiler production in the san joaquin valley1. Poult. Sci. 89: 1802-1814. Hashemipour, H, H. Kermanshahi, A. Golian and A. Raji. 2014. Effect of antibiotic alternatives on ileal microflora and intestinal histomorphology of broiler chickens fed wheat based diet. IJAS 4(1):135-142. Jugdaohsingh, R. 2007. Silika and bone health. J Nutr Health Aging 11(2): 99-110. Jurkic, L. M., I. Cepanec, S. K. Pavelić and K. Pavelić. 2013. Biological and therapeutic effects of ortho-silicic acid and some ortho-silicic acid releasing compounds: new perspectives for therapy. Nutr. and Metab. Lond. 10: 2. Kim, M. H., E. J. Kim, J. Y. Jung and M.K. Choi. 2014. Effect of water-soluble silika supplementation on bone status and balance of calcium and magnesium in male mice. Biol. Trace Elem. Res. 158: 238-242. Lazarevic, M., R. Resanovic, I. Vucicevic, A. Kocher and C. A. Moran. 2013. Effect of feeding a commercial ammonia binding product De-Odorase™ on broiler chicken performance. J. Appl. Anim. Nutr. 8 (2): 1-6. Lesson, S and J. D. Summer. 2005. Commercial Poult.ry Nutrition. 3th Ed. Nottingham University Press, Nottingham (UK) Li, H., H. Xin, Y. Liang and R. T. Burns. 2008. Reduction of ammonia emmision from stored laying hen manure trough topical application of zeolite, al+clear, ferix-3 on Poult.ry litter treatment. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 17: 421-431. Macháček, M., V. Večerek, N. Mas, P. Suchý, E. Straková, V. Šerman and I. Herzig. 2010. Effect of the feed additive clinoptilolite (zeofeed) on nutrient metabolism and production performance of laying hens. Acta Vet. Brno. 79: 29-34 McDonald, P., R. A. Edward, J. F. D. Greenhalgh, C. A. Morgan, L. A.Sinclair and R. G. Wilkinson. 2011. Animal Nutrition. 7th Ed. Pearson Edu Ltd, Harlow (UK). Nguyen, D.H., M. M. Gheisar, S. D. Upadhaya, M. M. Hossain and I. H. Kim. 2016. Effect of dietary extracted rice bran supplementation on production performance and excreta microflora in laying hens. CJAS. doi: 10.1139/CJAS-2016-0094. NRC. 2005. Mineral Tolerance Of Animals. National Academies Press, Washington D.C. (US). Olanrewaju, H. O., J. P. Thaxton, W. A. Dozier III, J. Purswell, S. D. Collier and S. L. Branton. 2008. Interactive effects of ammonia and light intensity on hematochemical variables in broiler chickens. Poult. Sci. 87 :1407-1414. Phromkunthong, W. 2015. Effect of silica supplement on growth performance and health condition of juvenile shrimp. Aqua Culture Asia Pasific 11(3) : 43-46. Prvulovic, D., D. Kojic, G. Grubor-Lajsic and S. Kosarcic, 2008. The effects of dietary inclusion of hydrated aluminosilikate on performance and biochemical parameters of broiler chickens. Turk. J. Vet. Anim. Sci. 32: 183-189. Rajput, N., M. Naem, S. Ali, J. F. Zhang, L. Zhang and T. Wang. 2013. The effect of dietary supplementation with the natural caratoneids curcumin and lutein on broiler pigmentation and immunity. Poult. Sci. 92(5): 1177-1185. Sahin, K., M. Onderci and N. Sahinetal. 2006. Dietary arginine silikate in ositol complex improves bone mineralization in quail. Poult. Sci. 85(3): 486–492. Scanes, C. G. 2015. Sturki’s Avian Physiology. 6th Ed. Elsevier Academic Press, New York (US). Silvanus, S. K., N. Veronica and N. Hudson. 2014. Mineral-mineral interactions as a possible limiting factor to livestock production in Uasin Gishu County, Kenya. IJES 5 (3): 1236-1240. Steel, R. G. D. and J. H. Torrie. 1995. Prinsip dan Prosedur Statistika: Suatu Pendekatan Biometrik. Bambang Sumantri, penerjemah. PT Gramedia, Jakarta (ID) Tran, S. T., M. E. Bowman and T. K. Smith. 2015. Effect of a silika-based feed supplement on performance, health, and litter quality of growing turkeys. Poult. Sci. 94: 1902:1908. Tugiyanti, E., N. A. Setianto, I. Harisulistyawan, E. Susanti and S. Mastuti. 2016. Effect of breadfruit leaf powder (Artocarpus altilis) on performance, fat and meat cholesterol level and body immune of male native tegal duck. IJPS. 15(6): 227-234. Weiss, D. J. and K. J. Wardrop. 2010. Schalm's Veterinary Hematology. John Wiley & Sons, Washington (US). Weaver C.M. and S. Kannan. 2002. Phytate and mineral bioavailability. In : Food Phytate. Reddy N.R. and S.K. Sathe (ed) . New York: CRC Press

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21059/buletinpeternak.v41i3.23026

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 3095 | views : 6523


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Buletin Peternakan (Bulletin of Animal Science) Indexed by:

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.