Pengaruh Beberapa Jenis Pakan Komersial terhadap Kinerja Produksi Kuantitatif dan Kualitatif Ayam Pedaging

https://doi.org/10.21059/buletinpeternak.v40i3.11622

septiani anggitasari sitompul(1*), Osfar Sjofjan(2), Irfan Hadji Djunaidi(3)

(1) Universitas Brawijaya
(2) Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang
(3) Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The study was aimed to investigate the effects of some kinds of commercial feed on quantitative and qualitative production performance of broiler chicken include feed intake, weight gain, feed conversion ratio, mortality, index of production (IP), income over feed cost (IOFC), percentage of carcasses, deposition of breast meat, meat cholesterol, and antibiotic residues. This study used 200 unsexed day old broiler chick which were allocated in Completely Randomized Design and analyzed using one way analysis of variance (ANOVA) with 4 treatments and 5 replications. The birds were fed some of the commercial diets produced by PT. P, PT. M, PT. C, or PT. W from 35 days rearing period. Analysis in the laboratory revealed that different commercial diets did not contain different chemical composition, including: dry matter, crude protein, crude fiber, ether extract, gross energy, calcium, phosphorus and antibiotic residues. Different commercial broiler feeds did not affect feed consumption, but affect (P<0.05) body weight gain, carcass percentage, income over feed cost, and high significantly affect (P<0.01) feed conversion, breast meat deposition, production index, and cholesterol deposition. Oxytetracycline  residues in chicken meat from all treatment diets were <30 ppb. Effect of some kinds of commercial feed showed different results on feed consumption, body weight gain, feed conversion, carcass percentage, breast  meat  deposition,  production index,  and  IOFC, meat cholesterol and antibiotic residue. However, feed from PT. M showed better results, as it gave production index and IOFC values than that of other commercial feeds.


Keywords


Antibiotic residues; Broiler chicken; Cholesterol; Feed commercial; Production performance



References

Al-Najdawi, R. and B. Abdullah. 2002. Proximate composition, selected minerals, cholesterol content and lipid oxidation of mechanically and handdeboned chickens from the jordanian market. J. Meat Sci. 6: 243-247.

Badan Pusat Statistik. 2012. Survei Sosial Ekonomi Nasional, Pengeluaran untuk Konsumsi Penduduk Indonesia 2010, Jakarta.

Badan Standar Nasional. 2005. (SNI 01-4868-2005). Bibit Niaga (Final Stock) Ayam Ras Tipe Pedaging Umur Sehari (DOC).

Badan Standar Nasional. 2006. (SNI 01-3930-2006). Pakan Anak Ayam Ras Pedaging (Broiler Starter).

Badan Standar Nasional. 2006. (SNI 01-3931-2006). Pakan Ayam Ras Pedaging Masa Akhir (Broiler Finisher).

Bahij, A. 1991. Tumbuh kembang potongan karkas komersial ayam broiler akibat penurunan tingkat protein ransum pada minggu ketiga keempat. Karya Ilmiah. Fakultas Peternakan. Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor.

Bahri, S., E. Masbulan, dan A. Kusumaningsih. 2005. Proses praproduksi sebagai faktor penting dalam menghasilkan produk ternak yang aman untuk manusia. http://www.pustaka-deptan.go.id/publication/p3241054.pdf Diakses pada 10 Agustus 2015.

Chan, W., W. C. Brown, S. M. Lee and D. H. Buss. 1995. Meat, poultry and game. In: Supplement to Mc Cane and Widdowson’s. The Composition of Foods. Published by The Royal society of Chemistry, Cambridge and Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, London.

Chopra, I. and M. Robert. 2001. Tetracycline Antibiotiks: mode of action, application, moleculer biology, and epidemiology of bacterial resistances. Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews. 62: 232-260.

Forrest, J. C., E. D. Aberle, H. B. Hedrick, M. D. Judge and R. A. Markell. 1977. Principles of Meat Sience. W. H. Freman and Co, San Fransisco.

Hayse, P. L. and W. Morion. 1973. Eviscerated field component parts, and meat, skin and bone ratios in the chicken broiler. Poult. Sci. 52: 718-722.

Hendrawati, A. 1999. Penurunan kadar kolesterol broiler dengan penambahan temulawak (Curcumaa xanthorrhizoma Roxb) dalam ransum. Program Pasca Sarjana Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor.

James, R. G. 2004. Modern Livestock and Poultry Production. 7th edn. Thomson Delmar Learning Inc., FFA Activities, London.

Lacy, M. and L. R. Vest. 2000. Improving feed conversion in broiler: A Guide Forgrowers. http://www.ces.uga.edu/pubed/c:793-W.html. Accessed 6 December 2015.

Lesson, S. and J. D. Summer. 2000. Production and carcass characteristic of the broiler. Poult. sci. 59: 786-798.

Munt, R. H. C., J. G. Dingle and M. G. Sumpa. 1995. Influence of Feed Form Broiler Performance. http://www.poultry.org/file://Net/mash dan pellet perbandingan.htm. Accessed 26 Desember 2015.

North, M. O. and D. D. Bell. 1990. Commercial Chicken Production Manual. 4th edn. Van Northland Reinhold, New York.

Pesti, G. M. and R. L. Bakali. 1997. Estimation of the composition of broiler cascasses from their specific gravity. Poult. Sci. 76: 948-951.

Safalaoh, A. C. L. 2005. Body weight gain, dressing percentage, abdominal fat and serum cholesterol of broilers Suplemen-Ted with a microbial preperation. Afr. J. Food Agric. Nutr. Dev. 6: 204-210.

Saidin, M. 1999. Kandungan kolesterol dalam berbagai bahan makanan hewani. Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan 27: 224-230.

Santoso, H. dan T. Sudaryani. 2009. Pembesaran Ayam Pedaging di Kandang Panggung Terbuka. Cetakan Pertama. Penebar Swadaya, Jakarta.

Santoso, U. 2009. Pengaruh tipe kandang dan pembatasan pakan di awal pertumbuhan terhadap performans dan penimbunan lemak pada ayam pedaging. unisexed. Jurnal Ilmu dan Veteriner 7: 84-89.

Schaible, P. J. 1979. Poultry Feed and Nutirient. 3rd edn. Avi Publishing Co. Inc., Wesport, Connecticut.

Schunack, W., K. Mayer, dan M. Haake. 1990. Senyawa Obat. Edisi kedua. Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta.

Sjofjan, O. 2008. Efek penggunaan tepung daun kelor (Moringa Oleifera) dalam pakan terhadap penampilan produksi ayam pedaging. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Teknologi Peternakan dan Veteriner. Fakultas Peternakan. Universitas Brawijaya, Malang.

Soeparno. 2005. Ilmu dan Teknologi Daging. Cetakan Ke-4. Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta.

Sugiarto, B. 2008. Performa ayam broiler dengan pakan komersial yang mengandung tepung kemangi (Ocimum basilicum). Skripsi Fakultas Peternakan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor.

Tantalo, S. 2009. Perbandingan performans dua strain broiler yang mengonsumsi air kunyit. Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-ilmu Peternakan 13: 146-152.

Wahju, J. 2004. Ilmu Nutrisi Unggas. Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta.

Widodo, W. 2009. Nutrisi dan Pakan Unggas Kontekstual. Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang, Malang.

Wuryaningsih, E. 2005. Kebijakan pemerintah dalam pengamanan pangan asal hewan. Prosiding Lokakarya Nasional Keamanan Pangan Produk Peternakan. Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Peternakan, Bogor.

Yuningsih, T. B. Murdiati, dan S. Juariah 2004. Keberadaan residu antibiotika tilosin (golongan makrolida) dalam daging ayam asal daerah Sukabumi, Bogor, dan Tanggerang. Seminar Nasional Teknologi Peternakan dan Veteriner, Bogor.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.21059/buletinpeternak.v40i3.11622

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 2849 | views : 45130

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Buletin Peternakan (Bulletin of Animal Science) Indexed by:

 Harvard Library
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.