Assessing the Quality of Organic Fertilizer Products Made from Cow Dung in Wonogiri Regency, Indonesia

Muhammad Rizky Romadhon(1*), Mujiyo Mujiyo(2), Suntoro Suntoro(3), Widyatmani Sih Dewi(4), Jauhari Syamsiyah(5), Rahayu Rahayu(6), Hery Widijanto(7), Ganjar Herdiansyah(8), Aktavia Herawati(9), Akas Anggita(10), Khalyfah Hasanah(11), Tiara Hardian(12), Nanda Mei Istiqomah(13), Viviana Irmawati(14)

(1) Department of Soil Science master's degree, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, [Scopus ID: 57192577929], Indonesia
(2) Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia
(3) Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia
(4) Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia
(5) Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia
(6) Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia
(7) Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia
(8) Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia
(9) Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia
(10) Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia
(11) Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia
(12) Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia
(13) Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia
(14) Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author


Kebonagung Sub-district, Sidoharjo District, Wonogiri Regency is the Wonoagung Wonogiri Organic Farming Association (PPOWW) location. Mitra is an organization engaged in organic rice and cattle cultivation. The conversion of bovine dung into organic fertilizer, particularly liquid fertilizer containing biological agents, is one of the waste elimination strategies employed to prevent environmental contamination. The nutrient content of organic fertilizer material sources varies. Organic fertilizer of high quality conforms to the Standard for Organic Fertilizers established by the Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Indonesia. Only some producers are aware of the standard quality requirements for organic fertilizer. It is necessary to analyze the nutrient content of organic fertilizer products to determine whether the quality of organic fertilizer is excellent. A preliminary survey of partner conditions, preparation of materials (organic fertilizer), and analysis of fertilizer content are among the activities performed. The C/N ratio of organic fertilizer is 8.41, and its pH is 7.6. The analysis results indicate that the Wonoagung Wonogiri Organic Agriculture Association's organic fertilizer products meet the liquid organic fertilizer quality standards. This condition demonstrates that the raw materials used in organic fertilizer production are of high quality and that the appropriate procedures have been followed. Adding biological agents to the production of organic fertilizer can enhance the quality of the finished product.


biological agency; organic matter; quality control; quality of fertilizer

Full Text:



Abate, T., Yohannes, T., 2021. Socio-Economic Determinants of Smallholder Tree Plantation in Basona-Werana Woreda in the North Shoa of Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia. Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 37(1), 15-25. doi: 10.20961/carakatani.v37i1.54247
Bargaz A, Elhaissouf W, Khourchi S et al., 2021. Benefts of phosphate solubilizing bacteria on belowground crop performance for improved crop acquisition of phosphorus. Microbiol Res 252:126842. doi: 10.1016/j.micres.2021.126842
Bhattacharyya, S. S., Ros, G. H., Furtak, K., Iqbal, H. M., Parra-Saldívar, R., 2022. Soil carbon sequestration–An interplay between soil microbial community and soil organic matter dynamics. Science of The Total Environment, 815, 152928.
Brempong, M. B., Addo-Danso, A., 2022. Improving Soil Fertility with Organic Fertilizers. In New Generation of Organic Fertilizers. IntechOpen. doi: 10.5772/intechopen.103944
Chan. M. T., Selvam. A., Wong. J. W. C., 2016. Reducing nitrogen loss and salinity during 'struvite' food waste composting by zeolite amendment. Bioresource Technology, 200, 838–844. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2015.10.093
Chen, Y., Lv, X., Qin, Y., Zhang, D., Zhang, C., Song, Z., Wang, J., 2023. Effects of different botanical oil meal mixed with cow manure organic fertilizers on soil microbial community and function and tobacco yield and quality. Frontiers in Microbiology, 14, 1191059. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2023.1191059
Dewi, W. S., Romadhon, M. R., Amalina, D. D., Aziz, A., 2022. Paddy soil quality assessment to sustaining food security. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 1107, No. 1, p. 012051). IOP Publishing. doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/1107/1/012051
Dewi, W. S., Amalina, D. D., Romadhon, M. R., 2023. Microbial Biofilm for Soil Health, Plant Growth, and Productivity under Multi Stress. A Review. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 1162, No. 1, p. 012008). IOP Publishing. doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/1162/1/012008
Dewi, W. S., Supriyadi, S., Mujiyo, M., Amalina, D. D., Romadhon, M. R., 2023. Transfer knowledge of organic agriculture for healthy horticulture cultivation on the Bengawan Solo River, Central Java. Community Empowerment, 8(3), 304-314. doi: 10.31603/ce.8104
Eviati., Sulaeman., 2009. Petunjuk teknis edisi 2: Analisis kimia tanah, tanaman, air, dan pupuk. Bogor: Balai Penelitian Tanah, Balai Besar Litbang Sumber Daya Lahan Pertanian, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian, Departemen Pertanian. Tersedia dari
Gamage, A., Gangahagedara, R., Gamage, J., Jayasinghe, N., Kodikara, N., Suraweera, P., Merah, O., 2023. Role of organic farming for achieving sustainability in agriculture. Farming System, 1(1), 100005. doi: 10.1016/j.farsys.2023.100005
Garbowski, T., Bar-Michalczyk, D., Charazińska, S., Grabowska-Polanowska, B., Kowalczyk, A., Lochyński, P., 2023. An overview of natural soil amendments in agriculture. Soil and Tillage Research, 225, 105462. doi: 10.1016/j.still.2022.105462
Guo, Y., Zhang, X., Qin, X., Jiang, Y., Zhu, F., Xue, S., 2022. Organic amendments enhanced the humification degree in soil formation of bauxite residue. Plant and Soil, 1-17. doi: 10.1007/s11104-022-05773-y
He, X., Duan, X., Gao, W., Zhang, Z., Gao, Y., Diao, H., Luo, J., 2023. Evaluation of the effect of tween-80 and its additive amount on the maturity of cassava residue compost. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 11(5), 110791. doi: 10.1016/j.jece.2023.110791
Herawati, A., Syamsiyah, J., Mujiyo, M., Rochmadtulloh, M., Susila, A. A., Romadhon, M. R., 2021. Mycorrhizae and a soil ameliorant on improving the characteristics of sandy soil. SAINS TANAH-Journal of Soil Science and Agroclimatology, 18(1), 73-80. doi: 10.20961/stjssa.v18i1.43697
Indonesian Ministry of Agriculture., 2011. Peraturan Menteri Pertanian No. 70/Permentan/SR.140/10/2011 tentang Pupuk Organik, Pupuk Hayati dan Pembenah Tanah. Bogor: Kementerian Pertanian. Retrieved from
Indonesian Ministry of Agriculture., 2019. Peraturan Menteri Pertanian No. 261/KPTS/SR.310/M/4/ 2019. Bogor: Kementerian Pertanian. Retrieved from
Irianto, H., Riptanti, E. W., Widiyanti, E., Khairiyakh, R. U., 2023. Sustainability Strategy for Organic Paddy Farming Business toward Global Market: Network Process Analysis Approach. doi: 10.13189/ujar.2023.110106
Istiqomah, N. M., Cahyono, O., Mujiyo, M., Ariyanto, D. P., Maro’ah, S., Romadhon, M. R., Irmawati, V., 2023. Assessment of potential soil degradation on various land uses in Keduang Watershed. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 1241, No. 1, p. 012014). IOP Publishing. doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/1241/1/012014
Iwuozor, K. O., Emenike, E. C., Aniagor, C. O., Iwuchukwu, F. U., Ibitogbe, E. M., Okikiola, T. B., Adeniyi, A. G., 2022. Removal of pollutants from aqueous media using cow dung-based adsorbents. Current Research in Green and Sustainable Chemistry, 5, 100300. doi: 10.1016/j.crgsc.2022.100300
Kabasiita, J. K., Opolot, E., Sande, E., Malinga, G. M., 2022. Decomposition and nutrient release patterns of municipal solid waste compost in two agro-ecological zones of Uganda. Agriculture & Food Security, 11(1), 53. doi: 10.1186/s40066-022-00392-3
Kurniawan, I. D., Kinasih, I., Akbar, R. T. M., Chaidir, L., Iqbal, S., Pamungkas, B., Imanudin, Z., 2023. Arthropod Community Structure Indicating Soil Quality Recovery in the Organic Agroecosystem of Mount Ciremai National Park's Buffer Zone. Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 38(2), 229-243. doi: 10.20961/carakatani.v38i2.69384
Liu, Y., Zang, H., Ge, T., Bai, J., Lu, S., Zhou, P., Guggenberger, G., 2018. Intensive fertilization (N, P, K, Ca, and S) decreases organic matter decomposition in paddy soil. Applied Soil Ecology, 127, 51-57. doi: 10.1016/j.apsoil.2018.02.012
Malolan, R., Jayaraman, R. S., Adithya, S., Arun, J., Gopinath, K. P., SundarRajan, P., Govarthanan, M., 2021. Anaerobic digestate water for Chlorella pyrenoidosa cultivation and employed as co-substrate with cow dung and chicken manure for methane and hydrogen production: A closed loop approach. Chemosphere, 266, 128963. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2020.128963
Mujiyo, M., Sunarminto, B. H., Hanudin, E., Widada, J., Syamsiyah, J., 2017. Methane production potential of soil profile in organic paddy field. Soil and Water Research, 12(4), 212-219. doi: 10.17221/58/2016-SWR
Mujiyo, Sumarno, Suryono, Hasanah K, Suminah, Sunarminto, B. H., 2018. Pembuatan Pupuk Organik sebagai Wujud Integrasi Ternak-Tanaman dalam Pemberdayaan Masyarakat. Prosiding Konferensi Nasional Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat dan Corporate Social Responsibility (PKM-CSR), 1, 308-316. Tersedia dari
Mujiyo, M., Hardian, T., Widijanto, H., Herawati, A., 2021. Effects of land use on soil degradation in Giriwoyo, Wonogiri, Indonesia. Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management, 9(1), 3063. doi: 10.15243/jdmlm.2021.091.3063
Mujiyo, M., Herawati, A., Herdiansyah, G., Suntoro, S., Syamsiyah, J., Dewi, W. S., Sutarno, S. 2022. Uji Kualitas Produk Pupuk Organik Beragensia Hayati. AgriHealth: Journal of Agri-food, Nutrition and Public Health, 3(1), 1-9. doi: 10.20961/agrihealth.v3i1.56302
Pambayun, L. P. S., Purwanto, B. H., Utami, S. N. H. 2023. Carbon Stock, Carbon Fraction and Nitrogen Fraction of Soil Under Bamboo (Dendrocalamus asper Back.) and Non-Bamboo Vegetation. Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 38(2), 404-420. doi: 10.20961/carakatani.v38i2.75881
Romadhon, M. R., Aziz, A. 2022. Determination of Flood Susceptibility Index Using Overlay-Scoring Data Method based on Geographic Information System (GIS) in Semarang City, Central Java, Indonesia. AgriHealth: Journal of Agri-food, Nutrition and Public Health, 3(2), 104-123. doi: 10.20961/agrihealth.v3i2.60451
Romadhon, M. R., Mujiyo, M., Cahyono, O., Maro’ah, S., Istiqomah, N. M., Irmawati, V. 2023. Potential soil degradation of paddy fields through observation approaches from various sources of environmental diversity. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 1241, No. 1, p. 012013). IOP Publishing. doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/1241/1/012013
Sanyal, S. K., Dwivedi, B. S., Singh, V. K., Majumdar, K., Datta, S. C., Pattanayak, S. K., Annapurna, K. 2015. Phosphorus in relation to dominant cropping sequences in India: chemistry, fertility relations and management options. Current Science, 1262-1270. Tersedia dari
Tallou, A., Haouas, A., Jamali, M. Y., Atif, K., Amir, S., Aziz, F. 2020. Review on cow manure as renewable energy. Smart Village Technology: Concepts and Developments, 341-352. doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-37794-6_17
Truong, T. H. H., Marschner, P., 2018. Respiration, available N and microbial biomass N in soil amended with mixes of organic materials differing in C/N ratio and decomposition stage. Geoderma, 319, 167-174. doi: 10.1016/j.geoderma.2018.01.012
Wang, X., Cui, H., Shi, J., Zhao, X., Zhao, Y., Wei, Z., 2015. Relationship between bacterial diversity and environmental parameters during composting of different raw materials. Bioresource technology, 198, 395–402. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2015.09.041
Wang, K., Yin, X., Mao, H., Chu, C., Tian, Y., 2018. Changes in structure and function of fungal community in cow manure composting. Bioresource technology, 255, 123–130. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2018.01.064
Yan, Z., Zhang, W., Wang, Q., Liu, E., Sun, D., Liu, B., Mei, X., 2022. Changes in soil organic carbon stocks from reducing irrigation can be offset by applying organic fertilizer in the North China Plain. Agricultural Water Management, 266, 107539. doi: 10.1016/j.agwat.2022.107539
Yang, X. C., Han, Z. Z., Ruan, X. Y., Chai, J., Jiang, S. W., Zheng, R., 2019. Composting swine carcasses with nitrogen transformation microbial strains: succession of microbial community and nitrogen functional genes. Science of the Total Environment, 688, 555– 566. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.06.283
Yang, Y., Liu, H., Wu, J., Zhang, S., Gao, C., Zhang, S., Tang, D. W., 2023. Soil enzyme activities, soil physical properties, photosynthetic physical characteristics and water use of winter wheat after long-term straw mulch and organic fertilizer application. Frontiers in Plant Science, 14, 1186376. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2023.1186376
Yu, H., Chin, M., Yuan, T., Bian, H., Remer, L. A., Prosper, J. M., Omar, A., Winker, D., Yang, Y., Zhang, Y., Zhang, Z., Zhao, C., 2015. The fertilizing role of African dust in the Amazon rainforest: a first multiyear assessment based on data from Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations. Geophysical Research Letters, 42(6), 1984–1991. doi: 10.1002/2015GL063040
Yu, J., Wang, X., Wu, Z., Li, H., Kalkhajeh, Y. K., 2023. Effects of combined application of organic and inorganic fertilizers on Triticum aestivum quality, soil nutrients, and ecological risks. doi: 10.21203/
Zeng, Q., Ding, X., Wang, J., Han, X., Iqbal, H. M., Bilal, M., 2022. Insight into soil nitrogen and phosphorus availability and agricultural sustainability by plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 29(30), 45089-45106. doi: 10.1007/s11356-022-20399-4


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 414 | views : 658


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2024 Muhammad Rizky Romadhon, Mujiyo Mujiyo, Suntoro Suntoro, Widyatmani Sih Dewi, Jauhari Syamsiyah, Rahayu Rahayu, Hery Widijanto, Ganjar Herdiansyah, Aktavia Herawati, Akas Anggita, Khalyfah Hasanah, Tiara Hardian, Muhammad Rizky Romadhon, Nanda Mei Istiqomah, Viviana Irmawati

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.