Grain Quality of Wheat Genotype Dewata Grown Under Wet Tropical Climate of Indonesia

Muhammad Ikhsan Sulaiman(1*), Irman Syahroni(2), Rita Andini(3), Lukman Hakim(4)

(1) Department of Agricultural Products Technology, Syiah Kuala University, Jl. T. Hasan Krueng Kalee, Kopelma Darussalam, Banda Aceh, Indonesia
(2) Department of Agricultural Products Technology, Syiah Kuala University, Jl. T. Hasan Krueng Kalee, Kopelma Darussalam, Banda Aceh, Indonesia
(3) Department of Forestry, Syiah Kuala University
(4) Department of Plant Protection, Syiah Kuala University
(*) Corresponding Author


Along with prosperity improvement of countries in the tropic, the consumption of wheat-based pro ducts such as breads, cakes, noodles and cookies has increasing tendency in the recent years. Wh eat that is grown usually in the sub-tropic has been investigated intensively for trial cultivation in tropical region. Successful cultivation of wheat in the tropic has been reported but the informatio n on its quality was still very few. This paper reported the quality of wheat grown in the field expe riment at 5 different provinces of Indonesia at an altitude ranged from 1000 up to 1650 meter abo ve sea level. Two samples of wheat from each location were taken and analyzed the physical, che mical, pasting and dough properties. The quality of wheat genotype Dewata was varied dependin g on the planting location. Out of five planting locations, only Jawa Tengah could produce good q uality of wheat. Meanwhile, the wheat from other locations were characterized by weak in pasting and dough properties. Wheat with weak pasting and dough properties could not be used for brea d and noodles’ production. However, they were still suitable to produce cookies and cake


Dewata genotype, dough, paste, quality, wet tropic, wheat

Full Text:



Altuhaish, A. A. K., Miftahudin, Trikoesoemaningtyas, & Yahya, S. (2014). Field Adaptation of Some Introduced Wheat ( Triticum aestivum L .) Genotypes in Two Altitudes of Tropical AgroEcosystem Environment of Indonesia. HAYATI Journal of Biosciences, 21(1), 31– 38.

Dowell, F. E., Maghirang, E. B., Pierce, R. O., Lookhart, G. L., Bean, S. R., Xie, F., … Chung, O. K. (2008). Relationship of bread quality to kernel, flour, and dough properties. Cereal Chemistry, 85(1), 82–91.

Every, D., Simmons, L., Al-hakkak, J., Hawkins, S., & Ross, M. (2002). Amylase , falling number , polysaccharide , protein and ash relationships in wheat millstreams. 135–142.

Fellers, D. A. (1979). Wheat and Wheat Foods in the Tropics. In G. E. Inglett & G. Charalambous (Eds.), Tropical Foods: Chemistry and Nutrition (pp. 575–597). Honolulu: Academic Press.

Gegas, V. C., Nazari, A., Griffiths, S., Simmonds, J., Fish, L., Orford, S., … Snape, J. W. (2010). A Genetic Framework for Grain Size and Shape Variation in Wheat. The Plant Cell, 22(April), 1046– 1056.

Hucl, P., & Chibbar, R. N. (1995). Variation for Starch Concentration in Spring Wheat and Its Repeatability Relative to Protein Concentration. Cereal Chemistry, 73(6), 756–758.

Lei, F. U., Ji-chun, T., Cai-ling, S. U. N., & Chun, L. I. (2008). RVA and Farinograph Properties Study on Blends of Resistant Starch and Wheat Flour. Agricultural Sciences in China, 7(7), 812–822.

Lukow, O. M., Adams, K., Suchy, J., Depauw, R. M., & Humphreys, G. (2013). The effect of the environment on the grain colour and quality of commercially grown Canada hard white spring wheat, Triticum aestivum L. “Snowbird.” Canadian Journal of Plant Science, (93), 1–11.

Mann, C. E. (1984). Selecting and Introducing Wheats for the Environments of the Tropics. In R. L. Villareal & A. R. Klatt (Eds.), Wheats for More Tropical Environments (p. 24). Mexico: CIMMYT.

Marshall, D. R., Ellison, F. W., & Mares, D. J. (1984). Effects of grain shape and size on milling yields in wheat. Theoretical analysis based on simple geometric models. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, (35), 619–630.

Murtini, E. S., Susanto, T., & Kusumawardani, R. (2000). Karakterisasi Sifat Fisik, Kimia dan Fungsional Tepung Gandum Lokal Varietas Selayar, Nias dan Dewata. Jurnal Teknologi Pertanian, 6(1), 57–65.

Murtini, E. S., Susanto, T., & Kusumawardani, R. (2005). Karakterisasi sifat fisik, kimia dan fungsional tepung gandum lokal varietas Selayar, Nias dan Dewata. Jurnal Teknologi Pertanian, 6(1), 57–65.

Noda, T., Ichinose, Y., Takigawa, S., Matsuura-Endo, C., Abe, H., Saito, K., … Yamauchi, H. (2003). The Pasting Properties of Flour and Starch in Wheat Grain Damaged by alpha-Amylase. Food Science and Technology Research, 9(4), 387–391.

Saunders, D. A. (1987). Characterization of Tropical Wheat Environments: Identification of Production Constraints and Progress Achieved, South and Southeast Asia. In A. R. Klatt (Ed.), Wheat Production Constraints in Tropical environments (pp. 12–26). Chiang Mai: CIMMYT.

Talanca, A. H., & Andayani, N. N. (2015). Perkembangan Perakitan Varietas Gandum di Indonesia. Retrieved from Balitkabi website:

Uhlen, A. K., Dieseth, J. A., Koga, S., Boecker, U., Hoel, B., Anderson, J. A., & Moldestad, A. (2015). Variation in gluten quality parameters of spring wheat varieties of different origin grown in contrasting environments. Journal of Cereal Science, 62, 110–116.

USDA. (2018). Grain : World Markets and Trade. Retrieved from s/grain-wheat.pdf

Wang, J., Pawelzik, E., Weinert, J., Zhao, Q., & Wolf, G. A. (2008). Factors influencing falling number in winter wheat. European Food Research and Technology, (226), 1365–1371. 007-0666-0

Wang, J., Wieser, H., Pawelzik, E., Weinert, J., Keutgen, A. J., & Wolf, G. A. (2005). Impact of the fungal protease produced by Fusarium culmorum on the protein quality and breadmaking properties of winter wheat. 552–559.

Widyawati, N. (2013). Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Tanaman Gandum (Triticum aestivum L.) varietas Dewata dalam Polybag Pada Berbagai Populasi dan Komposisi Media Tanam. Agric, 1(December), 1–8.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1329 | views : 1110


  • There are currently no refbacks.