FORMULATION OF NANOEMULSION MOUTHWASH COMBINATION OF LEMONGRASS OIL (Cymbopogon citratus) AND KAFFIR LIME OIL (Citrus hystrix) FOR ANTICANDIDIASIS AGAINST Candida albicans ATCC 10231

https://doi.org/10.22146/tradmedj.24255

Meta Juniatik(1*), Khoirunnissa Hida(2), Fransisca Priskaningtyas Wulandari(3), Nurul Pangestuti(4), Ni'matul Munawaroh(5), Ronny Martien(6), Sylvia Utami Tunjung Pratiwi(7)

(1) Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(2) Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(4) Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(5) Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(6) Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(7) Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Candidiasis is a fungal infection disease that still become health problem in Indonesia, especially oral candidiasis that largerly caused by Candida albicans abnormal growth on oral cavity. Lemongrass oil and kaffir lime oil have been proven to have antifungal activity against Candida albicans. The composition of limonen, α-terpineol, sitronelil acetate, terpineol, β-pinene, on kaffir lime oil and citronelal on lemongrass oil make the combination of both oils have the potential as an alternative theraphy for oral candidiasis. It formulates in the form of nanoemulsion mouthwash. Nanoemulsion is chosen because it has some advantages like clear, stable, and increasing the antifungal activity of lemongrass oil and kaffir lime oil. The study begins with plants determination, essential oils charecterization tests (solubility, refractative index, and specific gravity), and essential oil content analysis by GC-MS. Nanoemulision formulates by water titration method. Optimization of oil mix and VCO do to get a clear and stable nanoemulsion. The best formula is characterized (transmittance, particle size, viscosity, zeta potential, and stability test), then analyze the essential oil chemical compounds in the optimum formula and test the inhibitory effect of the formula by microdilution method. Inhibiton data analysis use One Way ANOVA. Based on the results of the study, 0.4 % oil mix, 3.6 % VCO, 17.3 % tween 80, 8.7 % PEG 400 dan 70 % water is the best formula that can form a nanoemulsion system with an average particle size 21,4 nm, low viscosity, low zeta potential and stable during freez-thaw storage. Nanoemulsion significantly has inhibitory effect more effective than positive control.

Keywords


nanoemulsion; lemongrass oil; kaffir lime oil; Candida albicans; antifungal

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/tradmedj.24255

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