ETIKA DISKURSUS BAGI MASYARAKAT MULTIKULTURAL: Sebuah Analisis dalam Perspektif Pemikiran Jürgen Habermas

Supar Supartiningsih(1*)

(1) Fakultas Filsafat Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author


Nowadays, multicultural society with its ideology: multiculturalism, has been paid much attention from many people. The concept has been predicted as an effective solution for conflict problems in plural societies. Jürgen Habermas, in this case, has offered his concept: discourse ethics, which gives interest to an ability for discourse. The goal of this research is to find the relevancy of the discourse ethics for multicultural society. To what extent the challenge of multicultural society could be answered by the discourse ethics. This writing shows that the discourse ethics has offered an ethical dimension in which be constructed socially for values preference. It is decided by a rational discourse. The rational discourse is a responsibility discourse which pays attentions to validity claims. The reconstruction of new values in the discourse will drive to formation of a new world which is objective and becomes a life-world where we live together. The model of multicultural society with its plurality needs discourse ability. It is hoped that with the ability people can avoid appearance of conflicts. For this, multicultural educations could be an effort to support growth of multicultural consciousness.


discourse ethics, rational discourse, conflicts, multicultural society, multicultural educations.

Full Text:



Agus Rahmat, W., 2000, “Landasan Etis Kehidupan Politik” dalam Wajah Baru Etika dan Agama, Kanisius, Yogyakarta.

Alport, G.W., 1954, The Nature of Prejudice, Double Anchor Books, New York.

Bertens, K., 1983, Filsafat Barat Abad XX: Inggris-Jerman, Gramedia, Jakarta.

Bottomore, T., (ed)., 1983, A Dictionary of Marxist Thought, Harvard University Press, Cambridge.

Braaten, J., 1991, Habermas’s Critical Theory of Society, State University of New York Press, New York.

Cavalier, C., Introduction to Habermas’s Discourse Theory, dalam situs internet: Forum/meta/background/HaberIntro.html

Charris Zubair, A., 2005, Etika Multikulturalisme, Makalah dalam diskusi bulanan PSP-UGM, tidak diterbitkan.

Deaux, K., dkk, 1985, Social Psychology in the 80-s, edisi IV, Books Cole Publishing Company, California.

Doob, C., 1995, Intercultural Communication, Wordpublishing, New York.

el-Ma'hady, M., Multikulturalisme dan Pendidikan Multikultural, dalam situs internet:

Gimmler, A., The Discourse Ethics of Jürgen Habermas, agimmler.html

Gundykunst, W.B., 1991, Bridging Differences: Effective Intergroup Communication, Sage Publication, London.

Habermas, J., 1984, , The Theory of Communicative Action, volume I: Reason and the Rationalization of Society , trans. Mc Charty, Beacon Press, Boston.

________, 1987, The Theory of Communicative Action, volume II: Lifeworld and System: A Critique of Functionalist Reason , trans. Mc Charty, Beacon Press, Boston.

________, 1989, The Structural Transformation of The Public Sphere: An Inquiry into a Category of Bourgeois Society, trans. Thomas Burger & Frederick Lawrence, MIT Press, Cambridge.

Hardiman, F.B., 2004, Demokrasi Deliberatif: Model untuk Indonesia Pasca-Soeharto?, dalam BASIS “Edisi 75 Tahun Jürgen Habermas”, edisi November-Desember 2004, Nomor 11-12, tahun ke-53.

Hoenisch, S., 2004, Habermas' Theory of Discourse Ethics, dalam situs internet habermas-ethics.html

Johnson, A.G., 1986, Human Arrangements: an Introduction to Sociology, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich Publishing, Sandiego.

Jones, J.M., dan Morris, K.T., 1986, “Individual vs. Group Identification as a Factor in Intergroup Racial Conflict” dalam Conflict Between People and Groups: Causes, Process and Resolutions, editor: S. Worchel & J.A. Simpson, Nelson-Hall Publishers, Chicago.

Juliawan, B.H., 2004, Ruang Publik Habermas: Solidaritas Tanpa Intimitas, dalam BASIS “Edisi 75 Tahun Jürgen Habermas”, edisi November-Desember 2004, Nomor 11-12, tahun ke-53.

Koenig, M., Democratic Governance in Multiculture Society: Social Conditions for The Implementation of International Human Rights Through Multicultural Policies, dalam situs internet: In2pol2.htm

Liliweri, A., 2005, Prasangka dan Konflik: Komunikasi Lintas Budaya Masyarakat Multikultur, LKiS, Yogyakarta.

Magnis-Suseno, F., 1992, Filsafat Sebagai Ilmu Kritis, Kanisius, Yogyakarta.

_______, 2004, 75 Tahun Jürgen Habermas, dalam BASIS “Edisi 75 Tahun Jürgen Habermas”, edisi November- Desember 2004, Nomor 11-12, tahun ke-53.

Musa Asy’arie, Pendidikan Multikultural dan Konflik Bangsa, dalamsitus internet: 0409/03/opini/1246546.htm).

Paasen, C., t.t., Filsafat Sosial, Diktat Kuliah, Fakultas Filsafat UGM, Yogyakarta.

Sindhunata, 1982, Dilema Usaha Manusia Rasional,

Gramedia, Jakarta.

_________, 2004, Berfilsafat di Tengah Zaman Merebak Teror, dalam BASIS “Edisi 75 Tahun Jürgen Habermas”, edisi November-Desember 2004, Nomor 11-12, tahun 53.

Singer, P., 1981, The Expanding Circle, New American Library, New York & Scarborough.

Sudiarja, A., 1995, Filsafat Sosial, Diktat Kuliah, Program Studi Ilmu Filsafat Pasca Sarjana UGM, Yogyakarta.

Suparlan,P.,Menuju Masyarakat Indonesia yang Multikultural, dalam situs internet cmdd/artikel

Verdeber, R., 1986, Communicate, Wadsworth Publishing, California.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 4485 | views : 5386


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Jurnal Filsafat

Jurnal Filsafat Indexed by:

Google ScholarSinta (Science and Technology Index)

Jurnal Filsafat ISSN 0853-1870 (print), ISSN 2528-6811 (online)