Pancasila sebagai Pokok Pangkal Sudut Pandang Bagi Ilmu Menurut Notonagoro

https://doi.org/10.22146/jf.23213

Ali Mudhofir(1*)

(1) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


According to Notonagoro, everything came from matter and
spirit. All phenomena in the universe have material and final cause.
Everything, including sciences, has deity background. Sciences
base on reason, willing, intuition, inspiration, and revelation. Both
speculative and empirical thought with their variation base on the
causal law, in order to take their useful for human life, without
depend the truth and reality on usefulness for life. In scientific
developing, Pancasila, therefore, is a guideline for sciences—
humanities, social and natural sciences. Research and sciences
developing in Indonesia ought to be based on and spirited by
Pancasila. It is very important for national education generally and
specially for high education according to the guideline of 1945
National Constitution. As a basis of scientific point of view,
Pancasila allow for scientists do not to adopt the position of
science for the sake of science; but teleological, namely, they
ought to priority the sciences for good life. Moreover, they ought
to care of the direct and pure task of sciences, namely, in order to
get truth and reality. 



Keywords


Pancasila, Notonagoro, truth, reality, cause.

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References

Ali-Mudhofir, 1996 , Kamus Teori dan Aliran dalam Filsafat

dan Teologi, Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta.

Angeles, Peter A., 1981, Dictionary of Philosophy, Barnes &

Noble Books, New York.

Panitia Pengamalan Pancasila, 1976, Beberapa Pemikiran Sekitar

Pengamalan Pancasila, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta.

The Liang Gie, 1977, Suatu Konsepsi ke Arah Penertiban

Bidang Filsafat, Karya Kencana, Yogyakarta



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jf.23213

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