Gambaran Pengetahuan Pencegahan Kanker Serviks dengan Vaksin Human Papillomavirus pada Siswi SMP di Yogyakarta

https://doi.org/10.22146/jkkk.44282

Apriyati Dwi Rahayu(1*), Widyawati Widyawati(2), Wiwin Lismidiati(3)

(1) Program Studi Ilmu Keperawatan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Kesehatan Masyarakat, dan Keperawatan, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Departemen Keperawatan Anak dan Maternitas, Fakultas Kedokteran, Kesehatan Masyarakat, dan Keperawatan, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Departemen Keperawatan Anak dan Maternitas, Fakultas Kedokteran, Kesehatan Masyarakat, dan Keperawatan, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Background: Lack of knowledge is one of the factors that can lead to an increase in the incidence of cervical cancer. Adolescents knowledge on Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine can improve their attitude towards cervical cancer prevention. Therefore, it is necessary to do research related to knowledge about cervical cancer prevention with the HPV vaccine.
Objective: To know the overview of knowledge of cervical cancer prevention with HPV vaccine among female junior high school students in Yogyakarta.
Method: This research is a descriptive qualitative research. The respondents were female students of two Junior High School in Yogyakarta. The sample were consisting of 97 students by applying simple random and consecutive sampling techniques. The instrument used in this research was a modified questionnaire from previous research, with the result of the validity and reliability test was 0,463. Data was analyzed using univariate analysis.
Results: The results showed that 57 of the respondents (59%) have good knowledge. As many as 33 of total respondents (34%) had good knowledge about the definition of cervical cancer, 67 of the respondents (69%) had good knowledge about the cause of cervical cancer, and 83 of the respondents (86%) had good knowledge of cervical cancer signs and symptoms. In addition, as many as 65 of the respondents (67%) had good knowledge of cervical cancer risk factors and 55 of the respondents (55%) had good knowledge of the HPV vaccine.
Conclusion: There are several aspects of cervical knowledge which are in high levels, i.e. cervical cancer causes, risk factors, and symptoms. On the other hand, low levels are gained for knowledge on cervical cancer definition and HPV vaccine delivery.

 

ABSTRAK

Latar Belakang: Pengetahuan yang rendah merupakan salah satu faktor yang dapat menyebabkan peningkatan kejadian kanker serviks. Pengetahuan remaja tentang vaksin Human Papillomavirus (HPV) dapat meningkatkan perilaku dalam mencegah kanker serviks. Untuk itu, perlu dilakukan penelitian terkait pengetahuan tentang pencegahan kanker serviks dengan vaksin HPV.
Tujuan: Mengetahui gambaran pengetahuan tentang pencegahan kanker serviks dengan vaksin HPV pada siswi SMP di Kota Yogyakarta.
Metode: Jenis penelitian ini adalah deskriptif kuantitatif. Responden dalam penelitian ini adalah siswi pada dua SMP di Kota Yogyakarta. Sampel dalam penelitian ini berjumlah 97 siswi dengan teknik pengambilan sampel simple random sampling dan consecutive sampling. Instrumen yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah kuesioner yang dimodifikasi dari penelitian sebelumnya, dengan hasil uji validitas dan reliabilitas sebesar 0,463. Analisis data dilakukan secara univariat.
Hasil: Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa secara umum 57 responden (59%) mempunyai pengetahuan yang baik. Sebanyak 33 responden (34%) mempunyai pengetahuan yang kurang terkait definisi kanker serviks, 67 responden (69%) mempunyai pengetahuan yang baik terkait penyebab kanker serviks, dan 83 responden (86%) mempunyai pengetahuan cukup baik terkait tanda dan gejala kanker serviks. Selain itu, sebanyak 65 responden (67%) mempunyai pengetahuan baik terkait faktor risiko kanker serviks dan 55 responden (55%) mempunyai pengetahuan yang baik terkait pemberian vaksin HPV.
Kesimpulan: Pengetahuan responden terkait penyebab kanker serviks, faktor risiko kanker serviks, dan tanda gejala kanker serviks sebagian besar berada pada tingkat baik. Sementara pengetahuan responden terkait definisi kanker serviks dan pemberian vaksin HPV berada pada tingkat kurang.


Keywords


kanker serviks; pengetahuan; vaksin HPV

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References

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jkkk.44282

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