KAJIAN FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERPENGARUH TERHADAP KEBERHASILAN KELOMPOK TANI SEBAGAI UNIT USAHA/BISNIS

https://doi.org/10.22146/agroekonomi.16775

Sunarru Samsi Hariadi(1*)

(1) Program Studi Penyuluhan dan Komunikasi Pertanian
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract



In Indonesia, the activity of agricultural development is very much emphasized through the effort of human resources (HR) empowerment, in which this effort is done through agricultural extension including farmer group approach. In 1993, Martaatmadja (1993) recorded that there were 250,000 farmer groups in Indonesia, but the only active ones were 20 percent of them. In 2000, in Gunungkidul Regency , it was recorded that there were 1446 farmer groups, in which the active ones are for instance the main class as calculated to be about 10.46 percent . Active farmer groups which were able success in the activity of business unit less than 10 percent.
This research is meant to study the factors influencing the successs of farmer groups as business unit. The research was done in Gunungkidul Regency by using the method of survey, with groups as its unit of analysis, and there were 90 farmer groups as sample taken by the method of Stratified Random Sampling. Each group was represented by 5 members taken randomly as group representatives, including 1 member of the board (no the chairman), 2 developed/ active farmers, and 2 regular/ less active farmers. The resulting data of the research were analysed using multiple regression, using computer program of SPSS. Then, analysis was developed through path analysis, using computer program ofAmos.
The result of this research shows that factors influencing the success farmer groups as business unit were: self efficacy ofmembers of groups, interaction among members, and leadership style of chairman of groups.
The success of groups as business units generally evidenced in middle and main class offarmer groups, with the conduct of certain activities: agricultural equipment rental (sprayer, diesel water pump machine, etc), stalls owned by group, cooperatives owned by groups, livestock/ fisheries owned by groups, partnership with companies, etc.

Keywords


success, farmer group, business

Full Text:

PDF


References

A.Bandura, Self Efficacy: Toward a Uning Theory of Behavioral Change., 1997

A.S.Martaat Madja, Agricultural Extension System In Indonesia., 1993

AF.Hadipranoto, Kohesivitas Kelompok sebagai Indikator Dasar Kekuatan Koperasi., 1986

D Cartwright, A.Zander, Group Dynamic: Research and Theory., 1968

D.Umstot, Understanding Organizational Behavior., 1988

DP Schultz, SE Schultz, A History of Modern Psychology, 1992

DW Johnson, FR.Johnson, Joining Together: Group Theory and Group Skills, 2000

J.L.Gibson, J.M. Ivancevich, JH.Donnelly, Organizations; Behavior, Structure, Processes, 1997

JR, Mueller, KF Schuessler, HL Costner, Statistical Reasoning in sociology, 1977

M Diehl, W.Stroebe, Productivity Loss in Idea Generating Groups: Tracking Down The Blocking Affect, 1991

M Fishbein, I. Ajzen, Belief Attitude, Intention, and Behavior: An Introduction to Theory and Researc, 1975

M.E.Shaw, Group Dynamics: The Psychology of Small Group Behavior, 1979

MWH, Weenig, Groenenboom, ACWJ , Wilke, HAM., Bad New Transmission as a Function of The Definitiveness of Consequences and The Relationship between Communicator and recipient, 2001

N.B.Hastuti, Evaluasi Pengaruh Krisis Moneter terhadap Tingkat Kesejahteraan Keluarga di Kabupaten Klaten., 2001

S.S Hariadi, S.P.Wastutiningsih, Partisipasi Wanita Tani dalamKegiatan Kelompok Tani Wanita.., 1991

S.S.Hariadi, Evaluasi Metode Penyuluhan Pertanian melalui Pendekatan Kelompok Tani di Kabupaten Sleman., 1996

Tim Survei Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Padjajaran., . Laporan Hasil Survei Peranan dan Pembinaan Kelompok Tani dalam Rangka Intensifikasi di Jawa Barat., 1980



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/agroekonomi.16775

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 870 | views : 490

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2016 Agro Ekonomi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

AGRO EKONOMI ISSN 0215-8787 (print) , ISSN 2541-1616 (online)  indexed by :

sinta worldcat  

 

Web
Analytics View My Stats