Perinatal mortality in breech deliveries at Dr. Said%ito General Hospital, Yogyakarta

Sulchan Sofoewan Sulchan Sofoewan(1*)

(*) Corresponding Author


Breech delivery is still of importance to discuss, because perinatal morbidity and mortility are higher than those vertex deliveries. A retrospective study was carried out on 141 cases of breech deliveries in Dr. Sardjito General Hospital during 1989 - 1990. The highest perinatal mortality was due to low birth weight: 17 cases (12%) compared to all cases (4.2%). No perinatal mortality of multiparity cases was found compared with cases of nulliparity i.e. 13 cases (17.0%). The type of breech presentation were frank breech: 85 cases (60.3%); incomplete: 21 cases (14.9%) and complete: 35 cases (24.8%). The highest perinatal mortality was frank breech presentation: 15 cases (17.6%). According to the termination of delivery, breech extraction has the highest perinatal mortality (23.%).

Key Words: breech presentation - parity - perinatal - morbidity - mortality

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Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) by  Universitas Gadjah Mada is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
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