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Author Guidelines

Author Guidelines

Instructions for Authors
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran)/JMedSci is an international, open-access, and double-blind peer-reviewed journal, multidisciplinary journal dedicated to the publication of original research articles, reviews articles, case reports, and book reviews in all area of medical sciences from basic to clinical sciences.

Submission of papers
Submissions to the JMedSci should be through its online submission system.
The basic requirements for articles submitted to the JMedSci are:

a) Original work;

b) Have not been previously published and not under consideration for publication elsewhere and if accepted will not be published elsewhere;

c) Should have obtained approval from the Ethics Committee;

d) Must obtain signed informed consent from subjects for articles involving human subjects.

Human and animal rights
If the work involves the use of human subjects, the author should ensure that the work described has been carried out in accordance with The Code of Ethics of the World Medical Association (Declaration of Helsinki) for experiments involving humans; Uniform Requirements for manuscripts submitted to Biomedical journals. Authors should include a statement in the manuscript that informed consent was obtained for experimentation with human subjects. The privacy rights of human subjects must always be observed.

All animal experiments should comply with the ARRIVE guidelines and should be carried out in accordance with the U.K. Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act, 1986 and associated guidelines, EU Directive 2010/63/EU for animal experiments, or the National Institutes of Health guide for the care and use of Laboratory animals (NIH Publications No. 8023, revised 1978) and the authors should clearly indicate in the manuscript that such guidelines have been followed.

Informed consent
Studies on patients or volunteers require ethics committee approval and informed consent, which should be documented in the paper. Appropriate consents, permissions, and releases must be obtained where an author wishes to include case details or other personal information or images of patients and any other individuals. Written consents must be retained by the author and copies of the consents or evidence that such consents have been obtained must be provided to the JMedSci on request. Unless you have written permission from the patient (or, where applicable, the next of kin), the personal details of any patient included in any part of the article and in any supplementary materials (including all illustrations and videos) must be removed before submission.

Referee suggestions
In the cover letter, authors should suggest names and addresses (including e-mail) of at least three experts in the field for evaluation of the article. The choice of referees will however remain with the editorial board.

JMedSci will publish the articles in English. Editors encourage authors to submit their articles in English.

Articles should be neatly typed (Times New Roman, 12), double-spaced in A4 format with 2.5 cm on all margins. Receipt of papers will be acknowledged. Authors will be informed of the referee's comments.

Article types
Three types of articles may be submitted: a) Original research article (maximum: 25 pages, 35 references); b) Review article (maximum: 40 pages, 100 references); c) Case Report article (maximum: 10 pages, 20 references)

Proofs and Reprints
Proofs of a manuscript will be sent to the author for approval prior to publication. Page proofs are considered to be the final version of the manuscript. With the exception of typographical or minor clerical errors, no changes will be made to the manuscript at the proof stage. Corrections should be returned to the Editor within one week.

Authors hold the copyright without restrictions.
Authors retain publishing rights without restrictions.

The format of the typescript should be as follows:
a. Title and authors: The Title should be a brief phrase describing the contents of the article. The Title Page should include the authors full name and affiliations. The name of the corresponding author should be indicated with postal address, phone, fax, and e-mail information.
b. Abstract: All articles should be provided with an Abstract of between 200-300 words. The Abstract should be written in simple language and should highlight the objectives of the study, methodology, major findings, and conclusions. Standard nomenclature should be used and abbreviations should be avoided.
c. Keywords: A maximum of 5 keywords must be given at the end of the Abstract.
d. Introduction: The Introduction should provide the problem statement clearly, the relevant literature on the subject, and the proposed approach or solution.
e. Materials and methods: The Materials and Methods should be complete enough to allow experiments to be reproduced. Previously published research procedures should be cited, and important modifications of it should be mentioned briefly. If the research conducted involved the use of human subjects or animal laboratories, it should be stated if clearance from the Research Ethics Committee was obtained. The Editor may request a copy of the clearance document or informed consent form for verification.
f. Results: The Results should be presented with clarity and precision and explained without referring to the literature. The original and important findings should be stated. The Results should be illustrated with figures or tables where necessary but these should be kept to the minimum. Discussion, speculation, and detailed interpretation of data should not be included in The Results but should be put into the Discussion section.
g. Discussion: The Discussion should interpret the findings in view of the results obtained against the background of existing knowledge. The Discussion should highlight what is new in the paper. Any assumption on which conclusions are made must be stated clearly.
h. Conclusions: State the Conclusions in a few sentences at the end of the paper.
i. Acknowledgments: The Acknowledgments should be presented at the end of the text and before the references. Technical assistance, financial support, and advice may be acknowledged.
j. Tables: The Tables should be kept to a minimum and be designed to be as simple as possible. Each table should be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals and supplied with a heading and a legend. Tables should be self-explanatory without reference to the text.
k. Figure: The Figures should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals. Graphics should be prepared using applications capable of generating high-resolution GIF, TIFF, JPEG, or PowerPoint before pasting them into the Microsoft Word manuscript file. The Figures should be constructed in such a manner that they can be understood without reading the text. Appropriate symbols should be used on graphs and explained in the legends. Graphs should not duplicate results presented in tables. The title and comments of the figures and photographs should be provided on a separate page using MS Word.
l. References: References should in general be limited to the last decade. References should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text. Identify references by Arabic number as superscript in order of appearance. A number must be used even if the author(s) is named in the text. The original number assigned to the reference is reused each time the reference is cited in the text, regardless of its previous position in the text. For example :
.......... it has been reported1 ..........
.......... according to Sadjito2 ..........
.......... Winstein & Swartz3 conducted ..........
.......... by Avon et al.4 ..........

Authors are responsible for the accuracy and completeness of their references. References should be listed numerically (Vancouver style) at the end of the text and in the same order that they have been cited in the text. For citation references with six or fewer authors, all authors should be listed, when seven or more authors only the first three authors should be listed followed by et al. Journal names are abbreviated according to Index Medicus and Index of Indonesia Learned Periodicals (PDIN 1974). References to journal articles, books, chapters in books, theses, etc. should be listed as given in Sample References.

Sample References

Scientific Journal
Standard journal article
Zeng Q, Saghafinia S, Chryplewicz A, Fournier N, Christe L, Xie YQ, et al. Aberrant hyperexpression of the RNA binding protein FMRP in tumors mediates immune evasion. Science. 2022 Nov 18;378(6621):eabl7207. doi: 10.1126/science.abl7207.

Organization as author
WHO recommendations on induction of labour, at or beyond term. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2022. PMID: 36279382.

No author given
No Author. Chapitre 1 : Évaluation et gestion des risques chez les femmes ménopausées. J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2019 Jun;41 Suppl 1:S36-S48. doi: 10.1016/j.jogc.2019.02.140. PMID: 31151566.

Author not in English
Dacal E, Köster PC, Carmena D. Diagnóstico molecular de parasitosis intestinales. Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin (Engl Ed). 2020 Jan;38 Suppl 1:24-31. English, Spanish. doi: 10.1016/j.eimc.2020.02.005. PMID: 32111362.

Volume with suplement
Hashim PW, Chen T, Rigel D, Bhatia N, Kircik LH. Actinic Keratosis: Current Therapies and Insights Into New Treatments. J Drugs Dermatol. 2019 May 1;18(5):s161-166.. PMID: 31141862.

Issue with supplement
Birn AE, Krementsov N. 'Socialising' primary care? The Soviet Union, WHO and the 1978 Alma-Ata Conference. BMJ Glob Health. 2018 Oct 24;3(Suppl 3):e000992. doi: 10.1136/bmjgh-2018-000992. PMID: 30498594; PMCID: PMC6242026.

Volume with part
Cornes MP, Atherton J, Pourmahram G, Borthwick H, Kyle B, West J, et al. Monitoring and reporting of preanalytical errors in laboratory medicine: the UK situation. Ann Clin Biochem. 2016 Mar;53(Pt 2):279-84. doi: 10.1177/0004563215599561. Epub 2015 Jul 20. PMID: 26195485.

Issue with part
Trivedi P, Jordan G, Ho PM. Leveraging value-based payment models to reduce health inequities in radiology. J Am Coll Radiol. 2022 Jan;19(1 Pt B):143-5. doi: 10.1016/j.jacr.2021.09.021. PMID: 35033302.

No issue or volume
Talih M, Irimata KE, Zhang G, Parker JD. Evaluation of the national center for health statistics data presentation standards for rates from vital statistics and sample surveys. Vital Health Stat 1. 2023 Mar;(198):1-30. PMID: 36940136.

Pagination in Roman numerals
Martinez SF. Foreword. Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2021 Aug;32(3):xi-xii. doi: 10.1016/j.pmr.2021.05.002. PMID: 34175018.

Type article indicated as needed
Enzensberger W, Fischer PA. Metronome in Parkinson's disease [letter]. Lancet 1996;347:1337.

Article containing retraction
Retraction: Role of oxidative stress in retinitis pigmentosa: new involved pathways by an RNA-Seq analysis. Cell Cycle. 2020 Jan;19(2):256. doi: 10.1080/15384101.2019.1702311. Epub 2019 Dec 12. PMID: 31829772; PMCID: PMC6961676.

Article retracted
Evidence-Based Complementary And Alternative Medicine. Retracted: Mechanism of Hepatoprotective Effect of Boesenbergia rotunda in Thioacetamide-Induced Liver Damage in Rats. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2018 Jul 18;2018:1072403. doi: 10.1155/2018/1072403. PMID: 30108643; PMCID: PMC6077507.

Article containing comment
Ferretti G. Comment on Poole et al (2022) review on oxygen flux from capillaries to mitochondria. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2022 Jan;122(1):5-6. doi: 10.1007/s00421-021-04872-5. Epub 2021 Dec 18. PMID: 34921605.

Article with published erretur
Erratum. Lang Speech. 2021 Nov 4:238309211050196. doi: 10.1177/00238309211050196. Epub ahead of print. Erratum for: Lang Speech. 2021 Aug 31;:23830921998723. PMID: 34736343.

Books and Other Monograph
Personal author(s)
Brown KL, Pagel C, Ridout D, Wray J, Tsang VT, Anderson D, et al. Early morbidities following paediatric cardiac surgery: a mixed-methods study. Southampton (UK): NIHR Journals Library; 2020 Jul. PMID: 32692510.

Editor(s) as author
Rothe C. Clinical Cases in Tropical Medicine, 2nd Edition. Germany: LMU University, Munich; 2020.

Organization(s) as author
National Guideline Centre (UK). Surgery: Obstructive sleep apnoea/hypopnoea syndrome and obesity hypoventilation syndrome in over 16s: Evidence review J. London: National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE); 2021 Aug. PMID: 34613682.

Chapter in a book
Maeshima S, Osawa A. Memory Impairment Due to Stroke. In: Dehkharghani S, editor. Stroke [Internet]. Brisbane (AU): Exon Publications; 2021 Jun 18. Chapter 6. PMID: 34279883.

Conference proceedings
Anderson HV, Bersin RM, Abbott JD, Aronow HD, Bass TA, Brilakis ES, et al. Clinical Conference Proceedings: 15th Biennial International Andreas Gruentzig Society Meeting. J Invasive Cardiol. 2019 Jun;31(6):E98-E132. PMID: 31158808.

Conference paper
Haut ER, Byrne JP, Price MA, Bixby P, Bulger EM, Lake L, et al. Proceedings from the 2022 consensus conference to implement optimal venous thromboembolism prophylaxis in trauma. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2023 Mar 1;94(3):461-468. doi: 10.1097/TA.0000000000003843. Epub 2022 Dec 19. PMID: 36534056; PMCID: PMC9974764.

Powis R. Relations of reproduction: men, masculinities, and pregnancy in relations of reproduction: men, masculinities, and pregnancy in Dakar, Senegal Dakar, Senegal [dissertation]. St. Louis: Washington Univ; 2020.

Carozzi N, Hargiss T, Koziel MG, Duck NB, Carr B, inventors. Athenix Corporation, assignee. AXMI-008, a delta endotoxin gene and methods for its use. US patent 7,351,881 B2, 2008 Apr 1.

Other Publish Material
Newspaper article
Pelc C,  Sanfins A. Alzheimer's: Blood test may detect 'toxic' protein years before symptoms emerge. Medical News Today. December 8, 2022. Available from:
Health Legislation (Miscellaneous) Amendment Bill 2022, Assented on Thu 24 Mar 2022 - Act No 6 of 2022 (GG No. 155, 8/04/2022, n2022-0627). 2022
British Geological Survey.  Updated radon map for Great Britain published. The UK Health Security Agency and BGS have published an updated radon potential map for Great Britain. 2022

In press
Manemann SM, Chamberlain AM, Bielinski SJ, Jiang R, Weston SA, Roger VL. Predicting Alzheimer's Disease and Related Dementias in Heart Failure and Atrial Fibrillation. The American Journal of Medicine. In Press.

Electronic Material
Journal articles on the internet
Larsen, James E. and Blair, John P. The importance of police performance as a determinant of satisfaction with police. American Journal of Economics and Business Administration [serial online] 2009;1 (1): 1-10. [cited 2010 Sept 29]available from: URL: D, Chattopadhyay MK. Metabolism in bacteria at low temperature: a recent report. J
 [journal on the Internet]. 2013 Jun [cited 2013 Aug 23];38(2):409-12. Available from:

Computer program
Flex Databases. (2011). [Computer software].


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The text is double-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.
  7. All Authors agree to submit the manuscript to the Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu kedokteran), and will not to submit in another journal
  8. Authors agree to pay $50 once article accepted to publish.
  9. Author is not allowed to submit the same manuscript in another journal (make double/multiple submission). Author is not allowed to withdraw submitted manuscripts, when the manuscript is still in the peer-reviewing process. If Author violate this rule,  the author will be blacklisted for publication in this journal.

  10. Author is responsible to get permission from previous publisher or copyright holder if an author is re-using any part of paper (i.e. figure or figures) published elsewhere, or that is copyrighted.

Copyright Notice

Creative Commons License
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) by  Universitas Gadjah Mada is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.