The effect of moderate intensity physical exercise on the body fat percentage in elderly women



Santosa Budiharjo Santosa Budiharjo(1*)

(1) 
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Background: Postmenopausal women tend to increase the body fat percentage. A decline in estrogen level cause decrease in lipolytic process.
Objective: To know the effect of moderate intensity physical exercise on body fat percentage in elderly women.
Method: Pretest and posttest control design. A total amount of thirty, healthy women, 60-70 years old, was divided into three groups. The first group was treated by exercise three times a week, the second group was treated by exercise two times a week and the third group was a control group. The exercise used was D series of fitness dance for elderly created by PERWOSI Yogyakarta which is a low impact aerobic dance with moderate intensity (70-79 % maximal heart rate), 40-54 minutes/day for eight weeks.
Result: The result showed that the first group revealed a significantly decrease in body fat percentage (p< 0.05). The second group revealed decrease no statistically significant in body fat percentage (p> 0.05), however there was a significant correlation between the duration of exercise and the body fat percentage (r = -0.9042).
Conclusion: The low impact aerobic dance with moderate intensity, 40-54 minutes/day, three times a week, for eight weeks decreased body fat percentage.

Key words: moderate intensity low impact aerobic dance - excercise frequency - body fat percentage -elderly women





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Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) by  Universitas Gadjah Mada is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
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