Profile of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in relation with maxillofacial and thoracic injury Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital, Bandung

Padmini Laxmi Pathmanathan(1*), Gibran Tristan Alpharian(2), Agung Budi Sutiono(3)

(1) Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
(2) Department of Orthopedic and Traumatology Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjajaran/Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung
(3) Department of Neurosurgery, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran/ Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital, Bandung, Indonesia.
(*) Corresponding Author


Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has a relation with concomitant injuries, which are mostly
maxillofacial and thoracic injury. This study aimed to know which injury was common in
TBI patients and the difference in the severity of TBI when patients were associated with
one or both types of injuries. This was a descriptive retrospective study. The data used was
medical records from Department of Neurosurgery, Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital,
Bandung, Indonesia from the period of August 2015 to July 2016. Total sampling method
was used in this study. The variables were patients with TBI, maxillofacial injury, thoracic
injury, accident related mechanism and non-accident related mechanism and the Glasgow
Coma Score (GCS). The total cases for this study were 47 patients. The highest case was
males with 37 cases and 10 for females. Accident related trauma had 23 cases whereas
non accident related trauma had 24 cases. The total cases of maxillofacial injury were 32,
thoracic were 6 cases whereby for both injuries were 9 cases. Patients with mild TBI were
28 cases, moderate TBI were 13 cases, and severe TBI had 6 cases in total. The rate of
TBI was higher in single injury which was the maxillofacial injury. However, the thoracic
and both injuries combined had higher severity of TBI compared to maxillofacial injury.


traumatic brain injury -maxillofacial - thoracic injury – accident – Glasgow Coma Scale

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