Technical Efficiency Analysis Of Home Industry Kamang Crackers In Kenagarian Kamang Hilir Kamang Magek District, Agam Regency West Sumatra Province

https://doi.org/10.22146/aij.v10i2.90178

Silvi Permata Sari(1*), Muhamad Mustopa Romdhon(2), Satria Putra Utama(3)

(1) Universitas Bengkulu
(2) Universitas Bengkulu
(3) Universitas Bengkulu
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Technical efficiency is the ability of an industry to use minimum total input to produce maximum output. This research aims to 1) Analyze the level of technical efficiency in the Kamang cracker home industry in Kamang Hilir Kenagarian, and 2) Analyze what factors influencing the level of technical efficiency in the Kamang cracker home industry in Kamang Hilir Kenagarian. This research was carried out deliberately in Kenagarian Kamang Hilir, Kamang Magek District, Agam Regency. Respondents in this study using the Slovin formula, totaling 51 Kamang cracker home industry entrepreneurs using a simple random sampling technique. Using primary and secondary data, while the data analysis used is qualitative descriptive analysis and the Cobb-Douglass production function method which is converted into logarithmic form, then data analysis uses Stochastic Frontier. The analysis results showed that the average level of technical efficiency was 0.5792, proving that the hypothesis in this research was proven correct. Can be concluded that the Kamang cracker home industry is technically efficient and the factors that influence technical efficiency are raw materials, salt, hours people work, age, number of family members while green onions, pertalite and gas fuel, education, business experience are not significant in the Kamang cracker home industry


Keywords


kamang crackers; stochastic frontier; technical efficiency

Full Text:

PDF


References

Andini, G.T., 2017. Analisis Tataniaga Kerupuk Kamang Dari Kenagarian Kamang Hilir Kecamatan Kamang Magek Kabupaten Agam. Skripsi Universitas Andalas, Padang.
Badan Pusat Statistik Sumatera Barat, 2021. Komudidas Unggulan Kabupaten Agam Tahun 2021.
Coelli, T., 1998. An Introduction to Efficiency and Productivity Analysis, Luwer Academic Publisher. Boston.
Darmawan, D.P., 2016. Pengukuran Efisiensi Produktif Menggunakan Pendekatan Stochastic Frontier. Elmatera, Denpasar.
Geivanni, T.A., 2017. Analisis Tataniaga Kerupuk Kamang Dari Kenagarian Kamang Hilir Kecamatan Kamang Magek Kabupaten Agam. Skripsi Universitas Andalas. Padang.
Lamusa, A., 2009. Risiko Usahatani Padi Sawah Rumah Tangga di Daerah Impenso Provinsi Sulawesi Tengah. Jurnal Agroland. 17, 226-232.
Maryanto, M.A., Sukiyono, K., Priyono, B.S., 2018. Analisis Efisiensi Teknis dan Faktor Penentunya Pada Usahatani Kentang (Solanumtuberosum L) di Kota Pagar Alam Provinsi Sumatera Selatan. Jurnal Agraris 4(1), 1-8.
Primalasari, I., Sukiyono, K., Romdhon, M.M., 2019. Techinical Efficiency of Skipjack Smoked Fish Processing Business in North Sulawesi Province and Its Determinant Factors. Jurnal Agric 31(1), 41-52.
Rahmi, N., 2014. Analisis Kegiatan Unit Pelayanan Pengembangan Pengolahan Hasil Pertanian (UP3HP) Kerupuk Ubi Kamang Mekar Rasa Di Kecamatan Kamang Magek Kabupaten Agam. Fakultas Pertanian. Universitas Andalas. Padang.
Sugiyono, 2016, Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif dan R&D. PT Alfabet, Bandung.
Sugiyono, 2010. Metode Penelitian Pendidikan Pendekatan Kuantitatif, kualitatif, dan R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta.
Sukiyono, K., Romdhon, M.M., 2016. Assesing Technical Efficiency for Bengkulu Province Catching Fishery Industries and Determination of It’s Technical Effeciency. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies 4(6), 168-174.
Susanto, E., Ninuk. H., Nur, E.S., 2014. Respon Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Tanaman Ubi Jalar (Ipomoea batatas L.) Pada Beberapa Macam dan Waktu Aplikasi Bahan Organik. Jurnal Produksi Tanaman. 2 (5), 412-418.
Tajerin, T., Noor, M., 2005. Analisis Efisiensi Teknis Usaha Budidaya Pembesaran Ikan Kerapu Dalam Keramba Jaring Apung Diperairan Teluk Lampung : Produktivitas, Faktor-faktor yang Mempengaruhi dan Implikasi Kebijakan Pengembangan Budidayanya. Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan 10(1), 95 – 105.
Thermolen, B., Herlin, L., Paturochman, M., 2016. Analisis Efisiensi Penggunaan Beberapa Faktor Produksi Usaha Itik Pedaging. Jurnal Ilmu Ternak 16(1), 18 – 22.
Tinaprilla, N., Kusnadi, Hakim., 2013. Analisis Efisiensi Teknis Usahatani Padi Di Jawa Barat Indonesia. Jurnal Agribisnis. 7(1), 15-34.
Triana, Lora, Faidil., 2017. Pengembangan Industry Kreatif Melalui Komersial Produk Unggulan Daerah (Studi Kasus Pada Kecamatan Kamang Magek Kabupaten Agam). Skripsi Universitas Andalas. Padang.
Ukpong, I.G., Idiong, I.C., 2013. Maximum Likelihood Estimates and Determinants of Technical Efficiency of Leafy Vegetable Producers in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Sciences 5(3), 139-145.
Wang, et al., 2002. One-Step and Two-Step Estimation of the Effects of Exogenous Variables on Technical Efficiency Levels. Journal of Productivity Analysis. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Netherlands
Yoko, B., Syaukat, Y., Fariyanti, A., 2014. Analisis Efisiensi Usaha Tani Padi di Kabupaten Lampung Tengah. Journal of Indonesia Agribusiness Vol. 2 No. 2, 127-139.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/aij.v10i2.90178

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 296 | views : 157

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2024 Silvi Permata Sari

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.