Analysis of Shallot (Allium Ascalonicum L) Availability Fluctuation in the Yogyakarta Special Region



Pujo Saroyo(1*), Savitri Mareta(2)

(1) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Shallot is one of the food commodities that determine or influence the political policy in
Indonesia. Shallot (Allium Ascalonicum L) is a horticultural commodity, the price of which often
experiences significant fluctuations in Yogyakarta Special Region. Shallot prices can increase or
decrease significantly in monthly or even weekly periode due to fluctuation of its availability. The
objective of this research was to analyze the fluctuation of shallot availability in the special
region of Yogyakarta. It was conducted through field survey and by collecting secondary data on
shallot commodity in Special Region of Yogyakarta in 2017. To support data about shallot
deterioration rate during storing period, the research on how to store shallot was conducted in a
warehouse owned by farmer group “Ngudi Makmur” in Samiran, Parangtritis Village, Kretek
District, Bantul Regency. The results showed that the fluctuation of shallot availability in
Yogyakarta Special Region was caused by the decrease of shallot production in the main
production center of Bantul district which contributed about 70% from local production, the
fluctuation of supply from the surrounding area that had the planting season and harvest seasons
similar to those in Yogyakarta Special Region, the deterioration rate that was still high during
storing period and the lack of significant role of BULOG in controlling the availability of shallot
due to limitations of its storage technology

Keywords


vailability, BULOG, Shallot, Storage, Yogyakarta

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References

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