Modeling and Optimization of Mitragyna speciosa Extraction using Box Behnken Design

https://doi.org/10.22146/mot.68610

Azka M. Rusydan(1), Endang Lukitaningsih(2*), Nanang Fakhrudin(3)

(1) Master Program, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Gadjah Manda, Yogyakarta
(2) Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, University Gadjah Mada, Jl Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta
(3) Department of Pharmaceutical Biology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The extraction of kratom (M. speciosa) leaf powder was optimized with preliminary extraction to be further optimized with the Box-Behnken experimental design. The individual and interactive effects of process variables (sample-to-solvent ratio, extraction time, solvent concentration) were assessed. The preliminary extraction results showed that ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE) and methanol were chosen for further optimization. The experimental data were analyzed by Pareto analysis of variance (ANOVA) and second-order polynomial models were developed using multiple regression analysis. The model developed showed a good fit with the experimental data with a high coefficient of correlation (R2) and predictive ability (predicted R2). An optimization study was performed and the optimal extraction conditions were sample-to-solvent ratio value 1.5:10; extraction time of 10 minutes, and methanol concentration of 100%.


Keywords


Kratom; Mitragyna speciosa; mitragynine; Ultrasound-assisted extraction

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/mot.68610

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