Meninjau Ulang Sustainable Development: Kajian Filosofis Atas Dilema Pengelolaan Lingkungan Hidup di Era Post Modern

Lailiy Muthmainnah(1*), Rizal Mustansyir(2), Sindung Tjahyadi(3)

(1) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Fakultas Filsafat UGM
(*) Corresponding Author


This study is an attempt to re-question the base arguments forsustainable developmentproposal with regardto environmental management. This attempt is important considering intensive deploymemt of cost and benefit calculations in every environmental management policy, which rooted in the utilitarian philosophical tradition. This research runs in the area of political philosophyandemploys methodical components includingdescription, interpretation, critical analysis, and verstehen. The current research suggests that the emergence of sustainable development as a concept of environment management goes along with modernity with all issues that it brings. The proposal of sustainable developments can be categorized into constructive postmodernismapproach. The main purpose of this proposal is to create a condition of balance between the needs of the present generation and the adequacy of the needs of the future generations. However, the concept appears to raise a new concern considering the meaning of “sustainability”has become contestation with strong tendency to economicconsideration which reduces the calculation of cost-benefits into cash-value calculations. This reductionis tendency leads to a dilemma considering the aspiration of shiftinganthropocentrism to ecocentrismunderlying behind concept of sustainable development will ironically produce a new forms of anthropocentrism.


sustainable development; cost-benefit analysis; antropocentrism; ecocentrism; post-modernism

Full Text:



Abidin, Z. (2002). Filsafat Manusia: Memahami Manusia Melalui Filsafat.Bandung: Remaja Rosda Karya.

Banerjee, S. B. (1999). Sustainable Development and Reinvention of Nature.United Kingdom: Critical Management Studies Conference.

Capra, F. (2002). Jaring-jaring Kehidupan. Yogyakarta: Fajar Pustaka Baru.

Cobb, J. B. (1972). It is Too Late? A Theology of Ecology.California: Bruce/Beverly Hills.

Giddens, A. (2009). Konsekuensi-Konsekuensi Modernitas.Yogyakarta: Kreasi Wacana.

Gigliotti, M., Schmidt-Traub, G., & Bastianoni, S. (2018). The sustainable development goals. In Encyclopedia of Ecology.

Keraf, A. S. (2005). Etika Lingkungan. Jakarta: Kompas Media Nusantara.

Kuntowijoyo. (1998). Paradigma Islam Interpretasi untuk Aki. Bandung: Mizan.

Kymlicka, W. (2004). Contemporary Political Philosophy : an Introduction. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Meadows, Donella H., et. al. (1972). The Limits to Growth.New York: Universe Books.

Mitchell, B. (2000). Pengelolaan Sumberdaya dan Lingkungan.Yogyakarta: GadjahMada University Press.

Mulgan, T. (2007). Understanding Utilitarism. United Kingdom: Acumen Publised Limited Stockfield Hall.

O’Donnell, K. (2003). Postmodernisme. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

Radfords, T. (2011). Silent Spring by Rachel Carson – review. 30September 2011.

Steward, R., & Krier, J. E. (1978). Environmental Law and Policy. Indiana Polis: The Bobbs Merril Co. Inc.

Sugiharto, I. B. (1996). Postmodernisme. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

WCED. (1987). Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development : Our Common Future Acronyms and Note on Terminology Chairman’s Foreword. In Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 4422 | views : 11745


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Filsafat

Jurnal Filsafat Indexed by:

Google ScholarSinta (Science and Technology Index)

Jurnal Filsafat ISSN 0853-1870 (print), ISSN 2528-6811 (online)