Mempertimbangkan Fenomena Populisme Islam di Indonesia dalam Perspektif Pertarungan Diskursif: Kontestasi Wacana Politik Antara Gerakan Nasional Pengawal Fatwa Ulama (GNPF-Ulama) dan Nahdlatul Ulama (NU)

https://doi.org/10.22146/jf.41131

Dian Dwi Jayanto(1*)

(1) Student of Gadjah Mada University
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


This study argues that National Movement of Fatwa Guards-Ulama (GNPF-Ulama) is not the sole political representation of Indonesian Muslim power at the moment, as the main analysis unit when discussing the phenomena of Islamic populism in Indonesia. Nahdlatul Ulama strives to retrieve discourse of Indonesian Islamic populism from GNPF-Ulama. NU's efforts to reinforce its position as an Islamic political power are triggered by evaluation that the resurgence of earlier populis movement has affected NU’s influence as the dominant organization in Indonesia. In line with this argument, discourse analysis on the importance of Indonesian Muslims mobilization for political purposes can be applied both as a theoretical and ideological framework, in addition to the study of populism and Islamic populism. On the other hand, Islamic identity based populism can be understood as one of the models which in contrast with populism based on nationalism. Conversely, the effort to unite nationalism and Islam has become Nu’s agenda to revoke GNPF-Ulama’s popuslis narrative. In spite of differences in religious ideology, the discussion of Islamic populism is arising out of the narrative contestation occurring within the internal Muslims itself. Finally, this study offers a reading of the phenomena of Islamic populism in the context of discourse.


Keywords


Islamic Populism, Discourse, National Movement of Fatwa Guards-Ulama, Nahdlatul Ulama.

Full Text:

PDF


References

Bayat, Asep, 2010, Pos Islamisme, LKiS, Yogyakarta. Jager, Siegfried, 2001, “Discourse and Knowledge: theoretical and methodological aspects of a critical discourse and dispositive analysis”, dalam Methods of Critical Discourse Analysis, ed. Ruth Wodak & Michael Meyer, SAGE Publications, California, London & New Delhi. Jayanto, Dian Dwi, 2018, “Tafsir Islam Nusantara dan Dilema-dilema yang Turut Mengitarinya (Bagian 1-2)”, diakes di https://berpijar.co/tafsir-islam-nusantara-dan-dilema-dilema-yang-turut-mengitarinya-bagian-2-selesai/ 18 November 2018 pukul 21.45 WIB. Fachrudin, Azis A, 2015, “Islam Nusantara dan Hal-hal yang Belum Selesai” dalam Islam Nusantara: Dari Ushul Fiqh Hingga Paham Kebangsaan., ed. Akhmad Sahal & Munawir Aziz, PT Mizan Pustaka, Jakarta. Fealy, Greg, & Robin Bush, 2014, “The Political Decline of Traditional Ulama in Indonesia: The State, Umma and Nahdlatul Ulama”, dalam Asian Journal of Social Science Vol. 42, No. 5 2014, h. 536-560. Hadiz, Vedi R, 2014, “A New Islamic Populism and the Contradictions of Development” dalam Journal of Contemporary Asia Vol. 44 No. 1 2014 h. 125-143. Hadiz, Vedi R, 2016, Islamic Populism in Indonesia and The Middle East, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Hadiz, Vedi R & Robinson, 2017, “Competing populisms in post-authoritarian Indonesia” dalam International Political Science Review Vol. 38 No. 4 2017 h. 488–502. Hadiz, Vedi R & Inaya Rakhmani, 2018, “Marketing morality in Indonesia’s democracy”, diakses di http://asaa.asn.au/marketing-morality-indonesias-democracy/ tanggal 10 November 2018 pukul 14.00 WIB. Mils, Sara, 2001, Discourse, Routledge, London & New York, Savitri, Laksmi Adriani & Devi Adriyanti, “The Demise of Emancipatory Peasent Politics? Indonesia Fascism and The Rise of Islamic Populism” dalam Conference Paper No. 69 International Institute of Social Studies (ISS) di The Hague, Netherlands, 7-18 March 2018. Turmudi, Endang, 2004, Perselingkuhan Kiai dan Kekuasaan, LKiS, Yogyakarta. Wodak, Ruth, 2001, “What CDA is about- a summary of its history, important concept and its developments”, dalam Methods of Critical Discourse Analysis, ed. Ruth Wodak & Michael Meyer, SAGE Publications, California, London & New Delhi.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jf.41131

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1188 | views : 2525

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Filsafat

Jurnal Filsafat Indexed by:

Indonesian Publication Index (IPI)Google ScholarSinta (Science and Technology Index)


Jurnal Filsafat ISSN 0853-1870 (print), ISSN 2528-6811 (online)