ARGUMEN FILOSOFIS INTEGRASI ILMU DAN AGAMA Perspektif Pemikiran Mullâ Sadrâ

https://doi.org/10.22146/jf.23091

Arqom Kuswanjono(1*)

(1) Fakultas Filsafat Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The problem of relationship between science and religion emerged in the first time at the Middle Ages, when the controversy about the center of universe occurred between scientists and theologians, that were geocentric view and heliocentric view. It was the starting point of the discourse of relationship between science and religion academically. Than, the discourse of the relationship develop in four types i.e. conflict, independence, dialogue and integration. The concept of integration between science and religion in philosophy of Mullâ Shadrâ perspective is an holistic integration which is built upon the unity of ontology, epistemology and axiology. Ontologically, the relationship is interdependent- integration, it means that science and religion dependent each other. There is no science without religion and there is no religion without science. Epistemologically, the relationship is complementary-integration; it means that all methods which are applied in science and religion (sense experience, reason, intuition and revelation) synergically used to find out the truth. Axiologically, the relationship is qualificative-integration, it means that all values (truth, goodness, beauty and Divineness) qualify each other. Science is not value free; science is not only related to the truth, but also to goodness, beauty and Divineness values.

Keywords


science, religion, integrationi, Mullâ Shadrâ

Full Text:

PDF


References

Al-Mandary, Mustamin (ed), 2003, Menuju Kesempurnaan Persepsi dalam Pemikiran Mullâ Sadrâ, Safinah, Makasar.

(Al-Qur’an Digital versi 2.0).

An-Nawawy, Imam Abu Zakaria Yahya, 1986, Riyadhus

Shalihin, terj. Salim Bahreisj, PT Al Ma’arif, Bandung. Armstrong, Karen, 1993, A History of God, Alfred A. Knopf,

New York.

Bagus, Lorens, 1991, Metafisika, PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama, Jakarta.

Bagir, Zainal Abidin, 2005, “Bagaimana Mengintegrasikan Ilmu dan Agama? dalam Bagir, Zainal Abidin; Wahyudi, Jarot; Anshori, Afnan; Integrasi Ilmu dan Agama: Interpetasi dan Aksi, MYIA-CRCS dan Suka Press, Yogyakarta.

Barbour, Ian, 1971, Issues in Science and Religion, Harper Torchbooks, New York, Hagerstown, San Fransisco, London.

Frondizi, Risieri, 2001, What is Value?, terj. Cuk Ananta Wijaya

“Pengantar Filsafat Nilai”, Pustaka Pelajar, Yogyakarta.

Jammer, Max, 2004, Agama Einstein: Teologi dan Fisika, Relief-CRCS, Yogyakarta

Mohaghegh, Mehdi dan Izutsu, Toshihiko, 1983, The Metaphysics of Sabzavari, Iran University Press, 1983.

Moris, Megawati, 2003, Mullâ Sadrâ’s Doctrine of the Primacy of Existence (asâlat al wujûd), ISTAC-IIUM.

Mustofa, Lutfi, 2007, “Tauhid: Akar Tradisi Intelektual Masyarakat Muslim”, dalam Lutfi Mustofa dan Helmi

Syaifuddin (ed), Intelektualisme Islam, Melacak Akar- akar Integrasi Ilmu dan Agama, LKQS & UIN Malang, Malang.

Pals, Daniel L, 2001, Seven Theories of Religion, terj. Ali Noer Zaman, Kalam, Yogyakrta.

Sadrâ, Mullâ, 1981, Al-Hikmat Al-Muta’âliyah fi Al-Asfâr Al- ‘Aqliyyah al Arba’ah, Dâr Ihyâ wa Al-Turâts Al ’Arabî, Beirut.

______, 2004A, Hikmah al-Arsyiah, terj. Dimitri Mahayana & Dedi Djuniardi, “Kearifan Puncak”, Pustaka Pelajar, Yogyakarta.

______, 2004B, On the Hermeneutics of the Light Verse of the Qur’an, terj. Latimah-Parvin Peerwani, ICAS, London.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jf.23091

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1388 | views : 3554

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2017 Jurnal Filsafat

Jurnal Filsafat Indexed by:

Google ScholarSinta (Science and Technology Index)


Jurnal Filsafat ISSN 0853-1870 (print), ISSN 2528-6811 (online)