NILAI ADAPTIF-REFLEKTIF DALAM SINDIR-KIAS SEBAGAI WUJUD DINAMIKA KEBUDAYAAN BAHASA MINANGKABAU

https://doi.org/10.22146/jf.17240

Andri Azis Putra(1*),

(1) Universitas Proklamasi 45 Yogyakarta
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Language is a vital issue in a culture. Minangkabau as a devoted clan to their oral tradition has a unique linguistic dynamics. Through the "proverbs" inherited from its predecessor, satire and metaphor take its place as the center of Minangkabau culture models. However, the misunderstandings of the Minangkabau people during this time of sindir-kias meaning is no longer makes the same morality standards. Therefore, this study aimed to find a conception which can restore the  "sindir-kias" in the life of the Minangkabau people in particular and the Indonesian people in general. This study is a research library by the hermeneutic method with the elements of methods, such as descriptions, verstehen, induction-deduction, inclusive language, and interpretation. The material object of this research is "sindir-kias" as the center of Minangkabau culture models. The formal object of this research is axiology with the assistance of analytic philosophy. This research found that in the culture of Minangkabau language, there are adaptive and reflective capabilities in developing satire (sindiran) and allegory (kiasan). This proves that the traditional Minangkabau is very open in its linguistic development, but also at the same time is able to reflect and internalize it to be the product of Minangkabau culture. The intersubjectivity value, in this case, takes a very important role. Therefore, the value of which is owned by language Minangkabau tradition is a value of "adaptive-reflective", thus ensuring the emergence of linguistic dynamics, which of course steer the model of Minangkabau culture.


Keywords


axiology, language, Minangkabau, sindir-kias

Full Text:

PDF


References

Bachtiar, Harsja W 1967, Negeri Taram: A Minangkabau Village Community. Villages in Indonesia-Ithaca, Cornell Univ. Press, New York.

Bakker SJ, JWM, 1992, Filsafat Kebudayaan: Sebuah Pengantar, Kanisius, Yogyakarta.

Chomsky, Noam, 2000, Cakrawala Baru Kajian Bahasa dan Pikiran, Logos, Ciputat.

Frondizi, Risieri, 1963, What is Value?, Open Court, Illinois.

Hardiman, F. Budi, 2007, Filsafat Modern; Dari Machiavelli sampai Nietzsche, Gramedia Pustaka Utama, Jakarta.

Hadi, Hardono (Gallagher, Kenneth T), 1994, Epistemologi (Filsafat Pengetahuan), Kanisius, Yogyakarta.

Hagberg, G. L., 1998, Art as Language, Cornell University Press, New York.

Kieltyka, Robert, 2008, Axiological Bias in Semantic, Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Rzeszowskiego, Rzeszow.

Mustansyir, Rizal. 2007. Filsafat Analitik: Sejarah, Perkembangan, dan Peranan para Tokohnya. Pustaka Pelajar, Yogyakarta

Nusyirwan, 2010. Manusia Minangkabau. Gre Publishing, Yogyakarta.

O'Donnel, Kevin, 2009, Postmodernisme, Kanisius, Yogyakarta.

Sumaryono, E., 1999, Hermeneutik Sebuah Metode Filsafat, Kanisius, Yogyakarta

Zainuddin, Musyair, 2010, Pelestarian Eksistensi Dinamis Adat Minangkabau, Penerbit Ombak, Yogyakarta.

Journal:

Bornali, Nath Dowerah, Lacan's Metonymic Displacement and its Relevance to Post-Structuralism, The Criterion: An International Journal in English, August 2013, Vol. 4, Issue IV, www.the-criterion.com, pp 1 - 5

Benveniste, Emile. “Subjectivity in Language.” Problems in General Linguistics. Trans. Mary Elizabeth Meek. Miami, U of Miami P, 1971, pp. 223-230.

Carnap, Rudolf, The Elimination of Methapysics Through Logical Analysis of Language in Sarkar, Sahotra, ed., Logical empiricism at its peak, Schlick, Carnap, and Neurath, (1996), New York: Garland Pub., pp. 10-31.

Hook, Derek, (2006). Lacan, the meaning of the phallus and the 'sexed' subject (online). London: LSE Research Online. Available at: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/960, Available in LSE Research Online: July 2007.

Masoed Abidin, Tau di nan Ampek, Pelajaran Adat dengan Kearifan Lokal, 8 April 2008, link: http://www.masoedabidin.wordpress.com/category/bahaso-minang/page/2/, diakses pada jam 22:28 tanggal 28/11/2016.

Jong, PE de Josselin de. The Dynastic Myth of Negri Sembilan (Malaya). Bijdragen Tot De Taal-, Land- En Volkenkunde, Volume 131(2/3, 1975), pp. 277-308.

Lakoff, George, Mark Johnson, Conceptual Matphor in Everyday Language, The Journal of Philosophy, Volume 77, Issue 8 (Aug., 1980), pp. 453-486

Stark, Alexander, The Matrilineal System of the Minangkabau and its Persistence Throughout History: A Structural Perspective, Shoutheast Asia: A Multidisciplinary Journal, Vol. 13 (2013), pp. 1-13



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jf.17240

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 570 | views : 340

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2017 Jurnal Filsafat

Jurnal Filsafat Indexed by:

  Indonesian Scientific Journal Database (ISJD) Indonesian Publication Index (IPI)   Google Scholar Indonesia One Search                     


Copyright of Jurnal Filsafat ISSN 0853-1870 (print), ISSN 2528-6811 (online)

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.