Honorarium, Aktris, Gender: Perempuan Pekerja Seni dalam Industri Perfilman Indonesia, 1950an-1970an

https://doi.org/10.22146/lembaran-sejarah.45436

Indira Ardanareswari(1*)

(1) 
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Observing women as art workers, one can’t put away how women contribute to promote popular entertainment art such as movie. Women in the movie industry between 1950’s until 1970’s held extremely important roles. Big demands of women have given them freedom to participate in the works, choosing professions in the movie industry based upon their respective passion. In the development, they began to be driving forces of the expansion of public spaces for women in their locality, especially within the movie industry. These actresses were promoted intensively as a way to legitimate commercial movies. Apart from earning proper wages, they also were widely exposed but also objectified.

Keywords


film; actress; employment

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This article endeavors to explore Ajeg Bali with special emphasis on mepeed ritual in traditional village of Pakraman Sukawati in post-Bali Bombing 2002. Analysis on this study focuses on how Ajeg Bali as a discourse could prompt changes occurred in Balinese society and how they shape Balinese identity. Firstly, this study tracks the advent of Ajeg Bali discourse by comparing practices of cultural preservation by Dutch colonial and New Order regime under Soeharto. Secondly, this study also observes position of Ajeg Bali discourse and how it affects society’s efforts to “protect” Bali. Thirdly, this article emphasizes on the mepeed ritual that transformed in Sukawati post-2002 especially in the spirit of Ajeg Bali. This study is a historical research that combines historical method and taking a cultural history point of view on explaining relation between mepeed and Ajeg Bali in Sukawati.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/lembaran-sejarah.45436

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