Effects of Population Density and Host Availability on The Migration Process of Brown Planthopper Fed Using Susceptible and Resistant Rice Varieties


Imam Habibi(1*), Witjaksono Witjaksono(2), Arman Wijonarko(3)

(1) Department of Crop Protection Faculty of Agriculture Universitas Gadjah Mada, Jln. Flora 1, Bulaksumur, Sleman, Yogyakarta 55281
(2) Department of Crop Protection Faculty of Agriculture Universitas Gadjah Mada, Jln. Flora 1, Bulaksumur, Sleman, Yogyakarta 55281
(3) Department of Crop Protection Faculty of Agriculture Universitas Gadjah Mada, Jln. Flora 1, Bulaksumur, Sleman, Yogyakarta 55281
(*) Corresponding Author


Brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens Stal. (Hemiptera: Delphacidae), is an important pest of rice. This pest can cause hopperburn and field failure. This research aimed to determine the effects of population density and host availability on migration of N. lugens. The criteria used to justify the effects of host availability and population density on migration of N. lugens were based the hardness and tannin tests of the rice stems, fecundity of N. lugens, and the life cycle of N. lugens. The research was conducted under the temperature of 29.42°C with relative humidity of 61% and Light 12: Dark 12 times, using ten pairs of N. lugens brachypterous (F0 constant) and then was added with five male adults on fifth days after the first infestation (F0 changed). The varieties used were IR64, as a resistant variety, and Ketan Lusi, as a susceptible variety. The results showed that the adding of the macropterous males did not affect the number of macropterous, because of that has been preplanned by the F0. Therefore, the percentage of existing macropterous was 51−52%.




Wereng Batang Cokelat (WBC) merupakan salah satu hama tanaman padi yang sangat penting. Kerusakan parah dapat menyebabkan hopperburn dan puso (gagal panen). Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui pengaruh kepadatan populasi dan tanaman inang sebagai tempat migrasi WBC. Parameter yang dikaji untuk mengetahui pengaruh kepadatan populasi WBC dan tanaman inang tempat migrasi WBC berdasarkan tingkat kekerasan dan kandungan tanin batang tanaman padi, fekunditas WBC, dan siklus hidup WBC. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada temperatur 29.42˚C dengan kelembapan relatif 61% dan durasi siang hari 12 jam: durasi malam hari 12 jam. Metode yang dilakukan adalah dengan menggunakan 10 pasang imago WBC brakhiptera (F0 konstan), kemudian dilakukan penambahan 5 ekor imago jantan pada hari kelima setelah infestasi awal (F0 diubah). Varietas padi yang digunakan yaitu padi varietas IR64 sebagai varietas tahan dan ketan Lusi sebagai varietas rentan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penambahan imago jantan makroptera tidak berpengaruh terhadap jumlah keturunan makroptera yang dihasilkan, karena imago (F0) telah merencanakan terlebih dahulu keturunan yang akan dihasilkan. Oleh karena itu, persentase terbentuk keturunan imago makroptera berkisar antara 51−52%.



brachypterous; brakhiptera; kepadatan populasi; macropterous; makroptera; Nilaparvata lugens; percentage of migration; persentase migrasi; population density

Full Text:



Asikin, S. 2006. Rice Stem Borer Control With Trap Plants and Materials Ameliorasi Tidal Land. Reports of Research. Balittra. Banjarbaru.

Al-Mehmadi, R.M., & A.A. Al-Khalaf. 2010. Larvacidal and Histological Effects of Melia azedarach Extract on Culex quinquefasciatus Say Larvae (Diptera: Culicidae). Journal of King Saud University (Science) 22: 77−85.

Bale, J.S, G.J. Masters, I.D. Hodkinson, C. Awmack, T.M. Bezemer, V.K. Brown, J. Butterfield, A. Buse, J.C. Coulson, & J. Farrar. 2002. Herbivory in Global Climate Change Research: Direct Effects of Rising Temperature on Insect Herbivores. Global Change Biology 8: 1−16.

Cannon, R.J.C. 1998. The Implications of Predicted Climate Change for Insect for Insect Pests in the UL, with Emphasis on Non-Indigenous Species, Global Change Biology 4: 785−796.

Chandramani, P., R. Rajendran, P. Sivasubramanian, & C. Muthiah. 2009. Management of Hoppers in Rice through Host Nutrition: A Novel Approach. Journal of Biopesticides 2: 99−106.

Cholifa, S. 2011. Evaluation of Sustainability of Same Strains of Catton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) to the Fruit Borer (Helicoverpa armigera Hbn.) [Evaluasi Ketahanan Beberapa Galur Kapas (Gossypium hirsutum L.) terhadap Penggerek Buah (Helicoverpa armigera Hbn.)]. Bachelor Thesis. Departement of Biology, Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim, Malang. 59 p.

Debby, D.M. & M. Moniharapon. 2014. Antifeedant Activity of Ethanol Extract of Melinjo Leaves (Gnetum gnemon L.) against Oriental Leafworm Moth (Spodoptera litura Fab.) on Cabbage (Brassica sinensis L.). Jurnal Budidaya Pertanian 10: 100−104.

Hao, P., C. Liu, Y. Wang, R. Chen, M. Tang, B. Du, L. Zhu, & G. He. 2008. Herbivore-Induced Callose Deposition on the Sieve Plates of Rice: An Important Mechanism for Host Resistance. Plant Physiology 146: 1810−1818.

Khaliq, A., M. Javed, M. Sohail, & M. Sagheer. 2014. Environmental Effect on Insects and their Population Dynamics. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 2: 1−7.

Lu, Z.X., X.P. Yu, L.H. Kong, & H. Cui. 2007. Effect of Nitrogen Fertilizer on Herbivores and its Stimulation to Major Insect Pests in Rice. Journal Rice Science 14: 56−66.

Mbata, G.N., T.W. Phillips, & M.E. Payton. 2009. Effects of Cowpea Varietal Susceptibility and Low Pressure on Mortality of Life Stage of Callosobruchus maculatus (Coleoptera: Bruchidae). Journal of Stored Products Research 45: 232−235.

Nurbaeti, B., I.G.P.A. Diratmaja, & S. Putra. 2010. Brown Planthoppers (Nilaparvata lugens Stal.). West Java Assessment Institute for Agricultural Technology. Ministry of Agriculture, Jakarta. 24 p.

Park, C.G., K.C. Lee, D.W. Lee, H.Y. Choo, & P.J. Albert. 2004. Effects of Purified Persimmon Tannin and Tannic Acid on Survival and Reproduction of Bean Bug, Riptortus clavatus. Journal of Chemical Ecology 11: 2269−2283.

Schoonhoven, L.M., J. J.A.V. Loon, & M. Dicke 2005. Plants as Insect Food: not the Ideal. Second edition. Oxford University Press, New York. 120 p.

Sembiring, H. 2015. Program Implementation of Application Movement of Integrated Crop Management (GP-PTT) Rice 2015 [Pedoman Teknis Gerakan Penerapan Pengelolaan Tanaman Terpadu (GP-PTT) Padi 2015]. Directorate of Food, Ministry of Agriculture, Jakarta. 100 p.

Serratos, A., J.T. Amason, C. Nozzolillo, J.D.H. Lambert, B.J.R. Philogene, G. Fulcher, K. Davidson, L. Peacock, J. Atkinson, & P. Morand. 1987. Factor Contributing to Resistance of Exotic Maize Populations to Maize Weevil, Sitophilus zeamais. Journal of Chemical Ecology 3: 751−762.

Trumble, J.T. & J.D. Hare. 1997. Tritrophipc Interactions in the Management of Spodoptera exigua and Other Pests on Celery, p. 117−134. In K. Bonderi (ed.), Recent Developments in Entomology. Research Signpost, Trivandrum, India,

Wardani, R. & R. Khatir. 2011. Characteristics Drying Rice Flour Using Equipment Dryer Rack Type. Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Biologi, Biologi Edukasi 3: 1−4.

Waspo, A. 1999. Indonesia Food Production in 1998, Writhing between Drought and Flooded. Wacana 15 (Special Edition): 10−12.

Washburn, J. O., & K. C. Frankie. 1992. Role of Ants in Pest Management. Annual Review of Entomology 37: 479−503.

Zhang, W., X. Q. Chang, A. A. Hoffmann, S. Zhang, & C.S. Ma. Impact of Hot Events at Differenct developmental stages of a Moth: The Closer to Adult Stage, The Less Reproductive Output. Scientific Report 5: 1−9.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.17732

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1736 | views : 1560


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2016 Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia ISSN 1410-1637 (print)ISSN 2548-4788 (online) is published by the Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada, in collaboration with Indonesian Entomological Society (Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia, PEI) and Indonesian Phytopathological Society (Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia, PFI). The content of this website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.  

View website statistics