Evaluasi Potensi Parasitoid Penggerek Pucuk Tebu, di Kabupaten Bantul

https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.12403

Eddy Mahrub(1*), Sri Ambarwati Amini(2), Nugrahaning Rahayu(3)

(1) Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Fakultas Pertanian UNWAMA
(3) Fakultas Pertanian UNWAMA
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The objective of the research is to evaluate the potency of sugar cane top borer parasitoids whether the parasitoids are available from the released individuals produced previously in the laboratory or other species naturally exist in the field. The result showed that Trichogramma sp. which have been released did not attack sugar cane top borer eggs. Tetrastichus schoenobii and Telenomus rowani observed in the field were seemingly replacing the role of Trichogramma sp. parasitoid previously released in the area. Both the T. schoenobii and T. rowani attacked the sugar cane top borer eggs with parasitism of 34.59% and 24.07% respectively. Larval parasitoids were Elasmus zehntneri, Rhaconotus scirpophagae, Stenobracon nicevillei and Allorhogas sp. while pupal parasitoid was Isotima javensis. Larval parasitism was 0-41.00% averagely. The most dominant parasitoid was R. scirpophagae with parasitism of 18.75% followed by E. zehntneri with parasitism of 17.25% respectively. Total parasitism by all species were 37.59% in young plant and 23.90% in old plant respectively. Pupal parasitism on young and old plants were 13.66% and 8.26% respectively. Those parasitoids were available in the field naturally and performed important potentiality in the natural control of sugar cane top borer. Those above mentioned parasitoids need to be conserved by preventing the ecosystem suffering from any hazardous changes, which may afflict negative effects to the natural enemies.

Keywords


sugarcane top borer; natural enemies

Full Text:

PDF


References

Anna Rohayati. 1994. Biologi Elasmus zehntneri Ferr: Parasitoid Ulat Penggerek Pucuk Tebu. Tesis Pascasarjana UGM. P.S. Ilmu Hama Tumbuhan. 78 hlm.

Avasthy, P.N. 1969. The Top Borer of Sugar Cane Scirpophaga nivella (F), dalam Pest of Sugarcane. Amsterdam. p.189-196.

Hatmosoewamo, S. 1982. Biologi Penggerek Pucuk Putih (Scirpophaga nivella intacta Snellen) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) sebagai Dasar Pemberantasan dengan Teknik Pelepasan Serangga Mandul. Disertasi Doktor di Universitas Gadjah Mada. Yogyakarta. 186 hlm.

Mahrub, E. 1974. Biologi dan Pembiakan Massal Trichogramma spp. Tesis SJ Fak. Pertanian UGM. 85 hlm.

Samoedi, D. 1988. Fluktuasi Populasi Musiman Hama Penggerek Pucuk Tebu Scirpophaga nivella intacta Sn. (Lep.: Pyralidae) pada Tanaman Tebu Lahan Tegalan Jatitujuh. Majalah Perusahaan Gula XXIV (4): 14-19.

Samoedi, D. & Wirioatmodjo, B. 1987. Ukuran dan Metode Pengambilan Contoh untuk Menduga Intensitas Hama-Hama Penggerek Tebu. Kongres Entomologi III. Jakarta. 9 hlm.

Wirioatmodjo, B. 1971. Laporan Kunjungan ke Taiwan, Hawaii, Philipina dalam Rangka Penelitian Pembiakan Parasit-Parasit Penggerek. Majalah Perusahaan Gula VII (2): 59-66



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.12403

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1439 | views : 2265

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2000 Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 height=auto

Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia ISSN 1410-1637 (print)ISSN 2548-4788 (online) Accredited Journal, Based on Decree of the Minister of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Republic of Indonesia Number 30/E/KPT/2018, Vol. 21 No. 1 the Year 2017 - Vol. 25 No. 1 the Year 2021Indexing & Abstracting , 

View My Stats