Dampak Pengendalian Hama Terpadu terhadap Pendaftaran dan Penggunaan Pestisida di Indonesia

https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.12206

Kasumbogo Untung(1*)

(1) Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Integrated Pest Management (IPM) legally has been adopted as the principle of crop protection practices in Indonesia since 1992 through the release of Law No.12 /1992 on Crop Husbandry System and Government Regulation No.6/1995 on Crop Protection. Data was collected from the national registration authority and the national statistic agency for evaluating the impact of IPM policy to the registration and use of pesticides by farmers. The data showed that the number of registered pesticide formulations, and the production and distribution of pesticides have increased since 1989. The number of formulations reached the peak in 2002 with a total of 813. On the other hand, the production was most in 1996 (80,000 ton) and the highest use of pesticide by rice farmer occurred in 1991 (4,72 kg pesticide/ha). Most of present registered pesticide formulations are generic. The data indicated that nationally IPM has not been significantly altered the registration, distribution and uses of pesticides by farmers in Indonesia. Comprehensive and integrated efforts must be established and implemented seriously by all stakeholders to institutionalize and implement IPM.

Keywords


anti monopoly; farmers use; generic pesticides, IPM

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References

Badan Pusat Statitik. Statistik Indonesia 1992.1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000.

Direktorat Pupuk dan Pestisida, Direktorat Jenderal Bina Sarana Pertanian, Departemen Pertanian. Pestisida untuk Pertanian dan Kehutanan. 1989, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1995, 1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002.

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). 2003. International Code of Conduct on the Distribution and Use of Pesticides (Revision). Rome. 36p.

Hammock, B. D. & D. M. Soderland, 1986. Chemical Strategies for Resistance Management. Dalam Pesticide Resistance: Strategies and Tactics for Management. National Academy Press, Washington, D. C. 111-129pp.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.12206

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