Inheritance of Resistance to Papaya Ringspot Virus-Papaya Strain in Melon (Cucumis melo L.)

Budi Setiadi Daryono(1*), Keiko T. Natsuaki`(2)

(1) Fakultas Biologi Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Graduate School of Agriculture Tokyo University of Agriculture
(*) Corresponding Author


Papaya ringspot virus (PRSV) is one of potyviruses causing severe damage to the production of cucurbit crops including melon, however resistant melons to PRSV have not yet commercially available. To find resistant genetic source of melons against PRSV, sixty three melons were manually inoculated with PRSV-papaya strain (PRSV-P) isolated in Thailand. Levels of resistance to PRSV-P accumulation in melon leaf tissue were evaluated using a combination of visual symptom observation and RT-PCR analysis. Among melons tested, Yamatouri, Mawatauri, PI 414723, and PI 371795 showed to be resistance to PRSV-P To study the inheritance of resistance to PRSV-P, breeding experiments were conducted by crossing the resistant Yamatouri with susceptible Vakharman. The genetic analysis results revealed that a single dominant gene conferred resistance to PRSV-P in Yamatouri and its generation.


Cucumis melo L.; resistant cultivar; ELISA; RT-PCR

Full Text:



Anagnostou, K. M. Jahn & R. Perl-Treves. 2000. Inheritance and linkage analysis of resistance to zucchini yellow mosaic virus, watermelon mosaic virus, papaya ringspot virus and powdery mildew in melon. Euphytical 16: 265-270.

Clark, M.r. & Adams, A.N. 1977. Characteristics of the microplate method of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the detection of plant viruses. Jgen. Virol. 34:475-483.

Cucurbit Genetics Cooperative Gene List Committee. Update of cucurbit gene list and nomenclature rules. 1982. Cucurbit Genet. Coop. Rpt. 5:62-66.

Danin-Poleg, Y., Paris, H.S., Cohen, S., Rabinowitch, H.D., & Karchi, Z. 1997. Oligogenie inheritance ofresistance to zucchini yellow mosaic virus in melons. Euphytica 93: 331-337.

Fisher, M. L., & Kyle, M.M. 1994. Inheritance of resistance to potypiruses in Phaseolus vulgaris L. III. Co-segregation of phenotyphically similar dominant response to nine potyviruses. Theor. Appl. Genet. 89: 818-823.

Gillbert, R.Z., Kyle, M.M., Munger, H.M., & Gray, M.S. 1994. Inheritance of resistance to watermelon mosaic virus in Cucumis melo L. HortScience 29: 107-110.

Gillbert-Albertini, F., Lecoq, H., Pitrat, M., & Nicolet, J.L. 1993. Resistance to Cucurbita moschata to watermelon mosaic virus type 2 and its genetic relation to zucchini yellow mosaic virus. Euphytica 69:231-237.

Gonsalves, D. 1993. Papaya ringspot virus (Pstrain). In: Crop knowledge master. http://www. ex ten to .hawaii. edu/kbase/Crop/Type/paring.htm.

Grube, R. C., Y. Zhang, J.F. Murphy, F. Loaiza Figuerora, V.K. Lackney, R. Provvidenti, & M.K. Jahn. 2000. New source ofresistance to Cucumber mosaic virus in Capsicum frutescens. Plant Dis. 84:885-891.

Hirai, S. & Amemiya, Y. 1990. Studies on the resistance of melon cul ti vars to cucumber mosaic virus (II) RNA profiles of virus multiplied in a resistant and a susceptible cultivars. Ann. Phytopath. Soc. Japan 56: 39-46.

Kabelka, E & Grumet, R. 1997. Inheritance of resistant to the Moroccan Watermelon mosaic virus in the cucumber line TMG-1 and co-segregation with Zucchini yellow mosaic virus resistance. Euphytica 95(2): 237-242.

Karchi, Z., S. Cohen, & A. Govers. 1975. Inheritance of resistance to cucumber mosaic virus in melons. Phytopathology 65:479-481.

Khertapal, R.K., Maisonneuve, B., Maury, Y., Chalhoub, B., Dinant, S., Lecoq, H. & Vanna, A. 1998. Breeding for resistance to plant viruses. p.14-32. In: A. Hadidi, R.K. Khertapal and H. Koganezawa (eds.), Plant virus disease control. APS Press, St. Paul, Minnesota.

Kyle, M.M., & Dickson, M.H. 1988. Linkage of hypersensitivity to five viruses with the B locus in bean. J Hered. 79: 308-311.

Palukaitis, P., Roossinck, M.J., Dietzgen, R.G., & Francki, R.I.B. 1992. Cucumber mosaic virus. Adv. Vzrus Res. 41:281-348.

Pitrat, M & Lecoq H. 1980. Inheritance of resistance to cucumber mosaic virus transmission by Aphis gossypii in Cucumis melo. Phytopatology. 70:958-961.

Pitrat, M & H.Lecoq. 1983. Two alleles for watermelon mosaic virus 1 resistance in muskmelon. Cucurbit Genet. Coop. Rep. 6:52-53.

Pitrat, M: & H. lecoq. 1984. Inheritance of Zucchini Yellow Mosaic Virus resistance in Cucumis melo L. Euphytica 33:57-61.

Providenti, R. 1991. Inheritance of resistance to the NL-8 strain of bean common mosaic virus in Pisum sativum. J. Hered. 82: 353-355.

Purcifull, D., Edwardson, J. Hiebert, E., & Gonsalves, D. 1984. Papaya rinsgpot virus. Description of plant viruses no. 293. Commonwealth Mycol. Inst./Assocn. Appl. Biol., Kwe, Surrey, England.

Robinson, R.W., Munger, H.M., Whitaker, T:W. & Bohn, G.W. 1976. Genes of the Cucurbitacea. Hort Science 11 :554-568.

Smith, I.M., Dunez, J., Ielliott, R.A., Phillips, D.H., & Archer, S.A. 1988. European handbook of plant diseases. Blackwell Scientific Publications. Oxford.

Somowiyarjo, S., Sako N., & Tomaru, K. 1993. The use of dot immunobinding assay for detecting cucurbit viruses in Yogyakarta. p. 3-11. In: Production of virus-free tropical crops. NODAI center for International Programs. Tokyo University of Agriculture. Tokyo.

Takada, K. 1979. Studies on the breeding of melon resistant to cucumber mosaic virus. III. Inheritance of resistance of melon to cucumber mosaic virus and others characteristics. Bull. Veg. Ornament. Crops Res. A5:71-79.

Wai, T., Staub, J.E., Kabelka, E., & Grumet, R. 1997. Linkage analysis of potyviruses resistance in cucumber. J. Hered. 88: 454-458.

Wai, T., & Grumet, R. 1995. Inheritance of resistance to watermelon mosaic virus in the cucumber line TMG-1: tissue specific expression and relationship to zucchini yellow mosaic virus resistance. Theor. Appl. Genet. 91: 699-706.

Webb, R.E. 1979. Inheritance of resistance to watermelon mosaic virus 1 in Cucumis melo. HorstScience 14: 265-266. Zaitlinylvlyand Hull, R. 1987. Plant virus pathogenesis. Annu. Rev. Plant. Physiol. 28: 179.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1085 | views : 496


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2006 Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia ISSN 1410-1637 (print)ISSN 2548-4788 (online) is published by the Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada, in collaboration with Indonesian Entomological Society (Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia, PEI) and Indonesian Phytopathological Society (Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia, PFI). The content of this website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.  

View website statistics